Lifer. 45 Years in Her Majestys Prisons

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Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing, pp Jewkes ed Handbook on Prisons. Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing, pp.

Part I: Introductory

Liebling and S. Maruna eds The Effects of Imprisonment. Padfield, N. Gelsthorpe and N. Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing pp.

Prison education still at the back of the class, as Gove takes new course

Elliott, C. Hallsworth, S. Looking for something else? Postgraduate courses. At the time of the incident, the individual had advanced dementia. Reports indicate that he did not know where he was or what date it was, nor was he able to respond appropriately to other simple questions. His day parole was suspended by CSC. The Parole Board of Canada terminated his day parole three months later.

The individual was placed in a temporary detention unit, and subsequently transferred to the Regional Treatment Centre where his health continued to deteriorate. It got to the point where he required constant staff supervision. He was eventually transferred to a community hospital after spending three months in a federal facility. He died eight days later as a result of aspiration pneumonitis. This case raises important human rights and dignity concerns, specifically: why and how it came to be that an elderly man with advanced dementia was brought back to a federal penitentiary even as his physical and mental capacities deteriorated.

In this particular case, the system failed to provide a safe, appropriate and timely alternative to incarceration for an individual experiencing rapid health decline. While there is limited research to corroborate the effectiveness of these types of programs 47 , there is some evidence to suggest that they are beneficial in terms of helping individuals adjust to prison life, decreasing their sense of isolation, allowing for positive role modeling, and encouraging healthy lifestyles.

These individuals play a key role in the everyday lives of many older individuals in federal custody. The PAL caregivers, for example, are essential to the functioning of the psycho-geriatric unit. PAL caregivers are provided with training biohazard training, use of the therapeutic tub and ongoing support from healthcare staff. There is a comprehensive caregiver manual that contains information on hand washing, blood and body fluid precautions, client care procedures mouth care, feeding, collecting specimens, preventing sores and managing skin integrity.

Overall, though there may be potential liability in peers helping peers, it appears that both programs PAL Care Givers and Peer Education Coordinators have a rehabilitative effect. Many who were interviewed noted that they are doing this type of work because they want to atone for their crimes and give back. They expressed how they can see themselves needing this type of assistance at some point, and are therefore providing the type of care they would expect in the same situation.

Though these programs are operational in some of the institutions that were visited for this investigation, there is little consistency across institutions. Some caregivers have received training and others have not. A comprehensive program should be established and implemented at all institutions. That said, it must be noted, however, the PAL caregiver program should not be used to unnecessarily keep individuals who pose no undue risk to society incarcerated and may be better accommodated and managed in the community.

Recommendation We recommend that CSC introduce standardized peer assistance and peer support programs across all institutions. These programs should be modeled along the lines of the caregiver program at Pacific Regional Treatment Centre, including a comprehensive manual, recurring training and ongoing support to peer caregivers. Sick, palliative and terminally ill individuals continue to live out their single greatest and expressed fear—dying in prison.

Prison is an unsuitable place for an individual who requires end-of-life care. CSC should not be in the business of providing palliative or end-of-life care, nor should it facilitate or enable medically assisted death to take place in federal correctional facilities. Coordinated and accelerated case management of seriously or terminally ill individuals is required between correctional and parole authorities. Dorchester Penitentiary — prison infirmary: Patients are transferred to the prison infirmary when they become too ill or their needs require a high degree of care because of illness or mobility issues.

Prison is not the appropriate environment to provide end of life care. Hospice and palliative care are specialized services and should not take place in a prison setting. A community placement would more easily facilitate visits from family and friends and ensure that federally sentenced individuals have access to care that is equivalent to that offered in the community. Human rights protection requires these kinds of appropriate alternatives. Moreover, community placements would also bring a more humane approach to very difficult situations.

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Community placements in palliative or hospice care could be funded by savings generated by unnecessary incarceration. Specifically, concern was raised that not all terminally ill inmates wish to leave prison to receive end of life care, particularly those whose only remaining social or institutional support system s reside within the prison context. The assumption underlying this position seems to be this: if an inmate nearing end of life expresses their wish to die in prison then that choice should be respected to the extent possible.

However, thinking about end of life care in the context of incarceration requires more scrutiny and self-reflection on ethical, moral and practical grounds. On the issue of choice, prisons are not environments where personal autonomy, free will and consent thrive. Personal choice is always bound by the reality and fact of incarceration. Compliance with authority is not only expected in prison; it is routinely enforced, compelled and even sometimes coerced.

That an inmate could express a desire to die in prison rather than in the community is more likely indicative of the psychological adaptations to institutionalization e. This underlines the need for CSC to refocus resources to promote community connection for all inmates. Rehabilitation and reintegration should include actively encouraging and facilitating inmates in maintaining meaningful connection to family, friends and community outside the prison walls e.

End of life planning requires options, choice and time.


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Not surprisingly, the majority of older persons who die in prison do so from natural causes. During this time, deaths from natural causes occurred. If we agree that prison is not an appropriate place to provide palliative or end-of-life care, the question to be asked is this: why were these individuals, whose deaths were expected, allowed to die in prison?

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Equally troubling is that the average age of those who die of natural causes in custody is far below life expectancies of the general public. All things being equal, natural cause mortality and the costs associated with end-of-life care in prison can be expected to only increase as the population behind bars progressively ages.

That said, a federal sentence should not be predictive of a shortened life expectancy. The Office has previously identified that criteria for granting compassionate release to a terminally ill offender are extremely restrictive. In accordance with the legislation, Board members must determine whether the offender is terminally ill and whether the offender meets the criteria for parole set out in section of the CCRA. Two cases were brought forward by CSC staff members during interviews that demonstrate how difficult it is for a terminally ill patient to be allowed to die in the community.

In the first case, an elderly patient was dying of cancer in a medium security institution and CSC staff put his case forward to the Parole Board to be granted release to a hospice within the community. The response from the Parole Board was that it wanted to see the offender managed in a minimum security institution before granting him release to the hospice.

He was eventually released to the community, but died 2 hours after release. In the second case, CSC staff supported the transfer of a terminally ill patient minimum security to a hospice facility within the community, and brought the case forward to the Parole Board. There was concern that the patient may not have much time left and that they may lose the spot they had secured with the hospice so the institution tried to push the Parole Board to make a decision quickly.

The Board responded that should it not be able to make a decision quickly, CSC could use a medical escorted temporary absence ETA to accommodate the offender in the community hospice. A medical ETA requires uniformed guards to be present with the offender at all times. Quite appropriately, the hospice was not supportive of these conditions. Such criteria make it very difficult for those in severe health decline behind bars to ever be released. Statistics indicate that more releases are being made since these changes were put into effect.

It serves no public safety purpose to keep palliative individuals in a prison environment. CSC has committed, in its proposed policy framework, to monitor the timelines and quality of each step in the process from the designation of a terminal illness to submission to the Parole Board and decision. While this is an important step, CSC and the Parole Board must work together more closely to accelerate cases of dying inmates to be prepared and heard before the Parole Board in the timeliest manner possible. A case was recently brought forward to the Office involving a year-old man certified under the Mental Health Act.

CSC was attempting to get the individual into a long-term care facility in the community. The case was brought forward to the Parole Board, however a panel hearing could not be scheduled before the expiry of his last day of parole which meant that the long-term care bed that CSC had secured for him could not be held and he lost it. Following this, a CSC parole officer requested that the PBC hearing for this man be held at the hospital he was staying at as it would be difficult to transport him to a hearing.

Moreover, the parole officer felt that his medical team at the hospital could participate in the hearing in order to answer any questions the Parole Board may have regarding his health or release plan, which would also speak to his risk. The condition of the patient meant that he was unable to answer any complicated questions, show insight or speak about his health or the release plan in place for him. The response from the Parole Board was that they do not conduct parole hearings at hospitals even though the hospital had guaranteed an appropriate space.

Note : In their review of this report, the Parole Board clarified that it does and has conducted hearings in hospitals. It is noteworthy that some American jurisdictions facing an increasing number of older and terminally ill individuals in custody have responded in some innovative ways. The state of Connecticut, for example, opened a nursing home through a private contractor to house inmates released to the community under medical parole.

This project has resulted in significant cost savings for the State.

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The U. Federal Bureau of Prisons the American equivalent to CSC has expanded its guidelines for compassionate release—allowing for consideration of a reduction in sentence to inmates who have been diagnosed with a terminal, incurable disease and whose life expectancy is 18 months. Even elderly prisoners who are not terminally ill and do not have a disability can apply for early release under the new rules.

A recent U. As depicted in the following text-box, many U. To improve human rights protection and cost effectiveness, the Office and the Commission continue to call for better, safer and less expensive options in managing this older and vulnerable prison population that poses a reduced risk to institutional security and public safety. A model involving medical or geriatric parole would allow individuals to apply for early release based on their age, number of years behind bars and current health status. CSC could reallocate funds currently being used to maintain palliative individuals behind bars to pay for community placements that would be more responsive to dignity concerns.

Some U. Expanding release options for older individuals in federal custody who may pose no undue risk to public safety not only makes economic sense, it is also validated empirically. The research shows that criminal risk tends to decline significantly as people age. Involvement in criminal activity increases substantially in early adolescence, peaking in the late teens or early twenties, and then progressively declines.

Life transitions such as completing education, securing employment, marriage and parenting are known to reduce the likelihood of offending. To put these numbers into perspective, of the individuals who were interviewed for this investigation, interviewers observed the following regarding some older individuals:. Several CSC staff commented that there are individuals who they feel should not be in prison. They said those individuals should be moved to the community to better accommodate their healthcare needs or because they are elderly and no longer present a risk to society.

It would be significantly less costly and more humane to care for these individuals in a community long-term care facility. That is why CSC needs to enhance partnerships with outside service providers that would allow older individuals in federal custody, who pose no undue risk to public safety, to serve out their sentence in a long-term care or hospice setting. Many of these changes could likely be achieved by reallocating existing resources from institutional to community corrections.

Recommendation We recommend that the Minister of Public Safety review and assess release options e. Recommendation We recommend that release planning for older offenders include retirement financial planning, and the management of personal affairs, such as making a will and planning for the end stages of life.

A picture of a bedroom at Maison Cross Roads community based residential facility in Montreal, Quebec. This particular section of our report puts the Office and the Commission in step with community groups across Canada. Many of the important pieces are already in place.

There are halfway houses that are ready and willing to pilot an aging well approach in the community. Maison Cross Roads Montreal, Que and Haley House Peterborough, ON are excellent examples of halfway houses for men that have been specially renovated to meet some of the needs of aging and mobility challenged offenders released to the community elevators and lifts, wide doors, accessible rooms and bathrooms. These and other halfway houses are also interested in providing additional services if they are provided with appropriate funding, including nursing services, palliative care and end of life care.

The issue, however, is the shortage of accessible beds in community based residential facilities across the country for those requiring specialized care. As a result, inmates with mobility or health issues especially those who use wheelchairs or have dementia cannot transfer to the community where they might live closer to their family and friends. This situation is particularly acute for women with mobility issues who already must contend with fewer options and resources.

CSC staff interviewed referred to inmates who have been granted parole but who have to wait in a federal institution—sometimes for months—before being released to an accessible community facility. In other words, they have been granted parole by the Parole Board of Canada but are being kept in a prison because of a lack of resources and bed space appropriate to their needs in the community. A picture of the common room at Maison Cross Roads community based residential facility in Montreal, Quebec. Major renovations to accommodate those with mobility or health care challenges are costly 58 and CSC does not provide sufficient funding for this work.

Therefore, halfway houses must look elsewhere for funding. Halfway houses also require funding to ensure they have the services and programs to meet the unique needs of this population nursing care, gerontologists, personal support workers. Findings from a recent Auditor General of Canada OAG report on community supervision support the findings of this investigation. The OAG found the following:. The Service committed to establishing a long-term plan for the management of community accommodation and the development of a comprehensive solution for both bed-inventory management and the matching of offenders to community facilities.

This work should not be completed in isolation. The community knows how to deliver these services. That is not the problem—they are experts in their field. The problem is they require access to federal funds that are now being spent on unnecessary incarceration. Our site visits to community-based residential facilities identified the incredible work that is being done by community staff on a very limited budget. These places provide the much needed support, guidance and leadership to their clients with little funding.

They go above and beyond to help these individuals reintegrate while at the same time keeping their communities safe. Community-based residential facilities need funding to ensure they are accessible, to hire specialized staff nurses, personal support workers, gerontologists, occupational and physiotherapists , to provide appropriate care for their clients and to expand their reach. CSC needs to reallocate existing institutional funding and resources to these available specialized community based residential facilities to manage older individuals in the community in conditions that are more humane and dignified.

Recommendation 14 We recommend that CSC enhance partnerships with outside service providers and reallocate funds to create additional bed space in the community and secure designated spots in long-term care facilities and hospices for older individuals who pose no undue risk to public safety. Given the findings of this report, there is a clear and urgent need for an integrated, comprehensive and funded National Older Offender Strategy that considers the rights and needs of older persons in relation to: physical and mental health; social needs; accessibility; safety bullying, elder abuse ; meaningful participation in rehabilitation vocational, correctional and educational programs ; age-responsive risk assessment; and reintegration, including release planning.

The strategy should allow for more responsive, safer and more humane models of elder care and end-of-life care in the community at significantly less cost than incarceration. This would require better access to release options, funding arrangements and partnerships that would facilitate outsourcing of care to community service providers. The strategy should:. Where care and custody of older individuals is under state control, protection of human rights, dignity and respect must be underlying and overriding considerations.

Though elder abuse and neglect occur in Canadian society, these issues remain largely hidden and undocumented in a prison setting. Dignity and respect for human rights must orient the care of all older individuals, including those in our prison system. It seems surprising to have to actually say or note, but a few modest measures would go a long way to recognizing and addressing the needs of older individuals in federal custody and improving the quality, purpose and meaning of their lives behind bars.

Rules, routines, conditions of confinement and environments that were originally put in place to manage more active, healthier and younger people are not necessarily responsive to the life trajectories, circumstances or needs of aging persons. Vocational training, employment, correctional programing or educational upgrading may not be as relevant or resonate in the same way they might for younger people. As this joint investigation has shown, there are currently many individuals in federal penitentiaries who would likely be better and more appropriately placed in a community care facility community based residential facilities, retirement home, nursing home, hospice, palliative care facility.

An alternative approach would be to move funding and resources from institutional to community-based facilities. If capacity in the community to manage an older individual who meets criteria for medical parole or geriatric release is lacking, then CSC could engage with external service providers and reallocate funds that would otherwise be spent on avoidable and costly incarceration. The Parole Board would be in a better position to support a release plan that would allow older individuals meeting eligibility criteria to serve out their sentence with dignity in the community.

Ultimately, it would be up to CSC to fund outsourcing of care for older persons transferred to the community. Accessibility of residential spaces, appropriate care and timely referral to community services should be viewed as essential services, rather than best practices. Finally, CSC should not see the development of a national strategy for aging offenders as an opportunity to seek additional resources or to create state-of-the-art in-prison geriatric facilities and services.

Recommendation 16 We recommend that CSC significantly reallocate existing institutional resources to community corrections in order to better support the reintegration needs of aging offenders. Recommendation 1: We recommend that an independent review of all older individuals in federal custody be conducted with the objective of determining whether a placement in the community, a long-term care facility or a hospice would be more appropriate. Recommendation We recommend that CSC enhance partnerships with outside service providers and reallocate funds to create additional bed space in the community and secure designated spots in long-term care facilities and hospices for older individuals who pose no undue risk to public safety.

Abeling-Judge, D. Different social influences and desistance from crime. Criminal Justice and Behavior , 43 9 , Aday, R. Aging prisoners: Crisis in American corrections. Allenby, K. Older incarcerated women offenders: Social support and health needs. Correctional Service of Canada. Appleton, C. A summary report on life imprisonment worldwide. The University of Nottingham. Bagnall, A. Systematic review of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of peer education and peer support in prisons.

BMC Public Health, 15 , Baidawi, S. Older prisoners: A challenge for Australian corrections. Beaudette, J. Older offenders in the custody of the Correctional Service of Canada. Research Brief. Chiu, T. A brief profile of incarcerated older men offenders. Research Branch. Older women offenders. National quality improvement and patient safety framework Health Services Sector.

Falls prevention and management guidelines. The association of age and recidivism. May Promoting wellness and independence of older persons in custody: A policy framework. Draft document Unpublished. Crawley, E. Is there life after imprisonment? How elderly men talk about imprisonment and release. Curtin, T. The Elder Law Journal, 15 2 , Delaney, R. Reimagining Prison. Vera Institute of Justice. Delveaux, K. Results of an evaluation of the peer support program at nova institution for women. Department of Corrections. High dependency unit expands. Corrections Works.

New Zealand. Department of Health. National Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders: A resource pack for working with older prisoners. United Kingdom. Employment and Social Development Canada. Retrieved on Feb. Farrington, D. Young adult offenders: The need for more effective legislative options and justice processing.

Criminology and Public Policy , 11 4 , Fraser Institute. Gagnon, M. Gobeil, R. Older offenders in community-based residential facilities. Greiner, L. A descriptive profile of older women offenders. Handtke, V. New guidance for an old problem: early release for seriously ill and elderly prisoners in europe. The Prison Journal, 97 2 , Haney, C. The psychological impact of incarceration: Implications for post-prison adjustment. Harrison, T. True grit: An innovative program for elderly inmates. Corrections Today, Life in prison: Peer support.

A Findings Paper. England and Wales. House of Commons Justice Committee. Older Prisoners - Fifth Report of Session Human Rights Watch. She said that she knew Claire had a telephone conversation at about 4. On that day, as she often did, she also gave a lift to a young man from the studio at Knightsbridge Publications, whom she drove as far as West Wickham Station.

It was about 5. On the evening of the murder, police set up a road block check point outside Deepdene Court, in an effort to gain information about any vehicles seen in the vicinity from about 5. On that evening and on the following day, they also interviewed other occupants of the flats and the immediate neighbours in Kingswood Road. Newspaper appeals to the public in the following days asked for anyone who had been in the vicinity at the relevant time to come forward and in particular anyone who could give details of any cars seen in the area. A woman who lived in a neighbouring flat in Deepdene Court told police that she had seen a white sports car parked opposite Deepdene Court in Kingswood Road from about 4.

She believed that this was confirmed to the police by another motorist stopped by the police in the road block check point. Another neighbour who was interviewed by the police on the day of the murder reported that she had heard a car drive off at considerable speed at about 7. Her friend, of Cumberland Road Shortlands, saw this same car nearly in collision with a car with L-plates, at the entrance of Deepdene and Kingswood Roads.

The learner driver had to swerve to avoid a collision. She had reported this incident to police in the days immediately after the murder. The police are anxious to trace the owner of a white sports car — believed to have a soft top. It was seen parked near the flat in Deepdene Court, Kingswood Road Shortlands, where Mrs Josephs was brutally murdered as she prepared dinner for her husband, Bernard.

A woman has told police investigating the killing of Mrs Claire Josephs, 21, in her flat at Shortlands, Bromley, on Wednesday that she saw a man on the balcony outside the flat at about the time of the murder.


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He was apparently trying to find a way out of the flat without using the door. Last night, police helped the woman to recall the incident. One detective, with a personal radio, went onto the balcony and was directed into various positions by Detective Superintendent John Cummings, who is leading the hunt.

The woman said she saw the man at about 7. The pathologist put the time of the death of Mrs Josephs at 7. Police were developing theories as to why Claire Josephs had been killed. They visited newly married couples, checking one theory that the killer followed up local newspaper reports of weddings:. They believe he may have turned killer after plaguing local brides with telephone calls or doorstep visits. They want to know if any other newly-weds in the area have had mysterious callers or can describe suspicious callers. This involved compiling a list of all the guests at the wedding of Claire and Bernard the previous September.

Exhaustive efforts were made to find the murder weapon. Residents in the vicinity of the murder were asked to search their gardens for a long knife with a serrated blade. Dogs were used and Royal Engineers from Maidstone were called in to use mine detectors in the search. The River Ravensbourne was to be dragged, reported the Daily Telegraph.

However, their efforts were fruitless. No murder weapon was ever found. Meanwhile, the police had been busy collecting evidence from the murder scene. Fingerprints were taken and fibres collected. The coffee mug from which it was thought the killer had drunk was taken away for forensic testing and the Christmas cards which Claire had kept from the previous festive season were taken, to see whether they could provide any leads.

In late Claire Parvin was working on Saturday mornings as a sales assistant at a dress shop in Beckenham, on the south-eastern side of Greater London. In mid this position became full-time. It was here that she met Mary Esson, another young sales assistant in the dress shop. It did not extend to socialising out of work hours. It was here that she met Roger Payne, a tall, slim, good-looking young man of twenty-three.

They fell in love and became engaged in February Since Mary had left the dress shop, she and Claire had lost touch for a time, so it was a complete surprise to Mary when, a week or two after Roger left, Claire came to work at LSA Travel. She stayed only a few months, leaving in July , but she would sometimes phone the Travel Agency to talk to her former workmates including Mary. Mary recalled later that Claire was among a small group of her friends who, although not invited guests, came along to stand outside the Church, see the wedding party and wave and smile their good wishes.

Roger Payne apparently was unaware of this group and was to say later that he had never met or seen Claire Parvin until after his marriage.

Joy Grant Hicks (Author of Lifer. 45 Years in Her Majesty's Prisons)

Mary and Roger Payne went to Morocco for their honeymoon and returned to live in Harrietsham, a village seven miles east of Maidstone in Kent. As a result, Mary gave up her employment at the Travel Agency. Mary answered the letter and in the following months the young women corresponded further. On this occasion, Roger phoned her there to ask if she wanted him to pick her up, which he did. He did not come inside. Mary and Roger were not guests at the wedding but sent a congratulatory telegram.

Claire and Bernard moved into the flat at Deepdene Court on 25 October Claire and Mary had little opportunity to meet in the next few months but had not lost contact. At Christmas Claire sent a card with a letter, telling Mary of their holiday abroad and the new flat and giving her their new address. Mary, in turn, sent a card from herself and Roger and looked forward to an opportunity in the new year to see Claire again and visit the new flat.

Claire put the card aside after Christmas, with all the others they had received on this, their first Christmas of married life. Roger was planning to visit his mother, as usual on a Sunday evening, at Carshalton, Surrey. Mary sometimes accompanied him on these visits but on this occasion, she felt like an evening of chat with a friend. A phone call to Claire assured Mary that she would be in that evening and would be happy for Mary to come and visit. Roger drove Mary to the flats, dropped her at about 6. A young woman named Trudy Clapp and her boyfriend were also there. They left after some time, however, giving Claire and Mary a chance to talk and catch up on their news.

Bernard was there but watched television most of the evening. Mary found his manner disconcerting. In her later statement, she said:. Her husband was watching television all evening. He did not seem very friendly. He just about managed to speak and then only when he was spoken to, and at one point he told myself and Claire off for talking. Roger arrived at the door at about 10 p.

He was invited in and Claire offered him a drink. Mary recalls that it was Coca-Cola, which she and Claire were also drinking when Roger arrived. Although she had already been shown round, Mary joined the tour, accompanied by the dog on his lead. Bernard was still watching television but exchanged a few words with Roger. At about It was the last time Mary would see her friend. One of the first steps was to check the names against their lists of people with police records. This search almost immediately bore fruit, when a name on one of the Christmas cards matched that of a man who had two previous convictions, one of which had resulted in him being sentenced to three months in prison from March to June That man was Roger Payne.

He immediately became their prime suspect. Perhaps for this reason, his mother was left to her own devices for a long time while in labour. Certainly the birth was not straightforward. After this, the baby was delivered by forceps. In the nineteenth century, her great-grandfather had gone with his regiment to the West Indies, where he had married a native West Indian woman.

Roger remembered that his grandfather was very dark and that family legend had it that, when his mother was young, dark and very pretty, she was often mistaken for an Indian princess. Roger was the only child of the marriage. Years later he wrote:. Even my earliest recollections are of a tyrannical father physically abusing both my mother and myself. It is all the more reprehensible that he was a professional man — a chartered accountant — who gave all the outward appearances of respectability.

His tyranny extended to all areas of human activity, but especially the domestic. The young boy was not allowed to open any cupboard nor enter any room, including the toilet, without first seeking parental permission. Irene found this treatment of her beloved son unbearable so on 10 November , when Roger was eight years old, she left her husband, taking her son to live with her parents at 48 Lindsay Road, Worcester Park.

He and my grandmother— who had worked before her marriage as a seamstress sewing gas mantles— were to have six children, only two of whom…survived infancy, the rest perishing from a wasting disease called marasmus. I loved both grandparents. My grandmother tended to spoil me, a fact which also sometimes added to the friction between her and grandfather. Presented to Roger Payne on his twelfth birthday.

From the teachers and officers. In he wrote:. These two important events in that year meant that all the students were presented with a commemorative history of the school. A quotation on the flyleaf of the book explains the source of the title. Its facilities at the time included spacious technical workshops, science laboratories, a domestic block with a housecraft flat, and a gymnasium and swimming baths.

The Chapel had a magnificent organ and there was a new library, a music school and a Hall. The first admission of girls was in , an initial intake of thirty-six, the number increasing over the years till numbers of boys and girls were equal, before the end of the decade. A percentage of the pupils were the children of clergy and missionaries serving overseas.

This was not long after the end of World War II, and children of men killed in that war were included in the enrolment. Roger Payne always spoke proudly of his public school education. In spite of the school having a more broadly representative student body than other public schools, it nevertheless had the cachet which attaches to a boarding school that has control over its pupil intake and the benefit of a long and proud tradition. It brought him into contact with people he would otherwise not have met, from a wide range of backgrounds and it gave him a definite polish, evident in his manners, speech and confidence.

His intelligence meant that he was successful. Although he did not outshine his peers academically, he nevertheless did well enough to please himself, his teachers, his mother and his grandmother. A Christmas card from this period, kept by his mother, shows choirboys, singing as they ascend the steps to a church — possibly the school Chapel — holding aloft a lantern.

In his first year at Witley Roger was taken, along with the entire school, to a cinema in Godalming to see the film of the conquest of Everest, which had happened on 29 May , just before the Coronation. Years later, he wrote to a friend, who had written telling him of a recent trip to Paris:. During his years at Witley, Roger saw his Mother and grandmother quite often. They had moved, two years after the death of his grandfather, to 63 Dorchester Rd. Witley is not far from London, so he was able to go home for some weekends and for holidays. As far as Irene was concerned, her son was the centre of her world and she did all she could to make his life happy.

She took him on bus trips to places such as Bournemouth, which he remembered fondly. They also had holidays in various seaside resorts.

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