Army Doctrine Reference Publication ADRP 3-37 Protection August 2012

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ADRP uses joint terms where applicable. Most terms with joint or Army definitions are in both the glossary and the text. Definitions for which ADRP is the proponent publication are in boldfaced text. For other definitions in the text, the term is italicized and the number of the proponent publication follows the definition. See All Customer Reviews.


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Add to Wishlist. USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly. ADP is the Army's doctrine for stability tasks. ADP presents overarching doctrinal guidance and direction for conducting these operations, setting the foundation for developing other fundamentals and tactics, techniques, and procedures detailed in subordinate doctrinal publications.

It also provides operational guidance for commanders and trainers at all echelons. Product Details. Average Review. Write a Review. Related Searches.

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Approval authority is the proponent. Integrating doctrine with digital applications allows doctrinal resources to be readily available to Soldiers and provides a new approach to how doctrine is used to support education, training, and operations. MilWiki Draft Techniques? Video Book — A Single comprehensive video that guides Soldiers through the key Army fundamental principles that are contained in each of the 15 Army Doctrine Publications. IMI — Paired with each Army Doctrine Reference Publication, the IMI provides Soldiers with an interactive computer based training that incorporates audio, video and vignettes in each instruction to help enhance Soldiers understanding of doctrinal knowledge?

MilWiki - a collaborative website that enables Soldiers to participate in doctrine development by allowing them the opportunity to provide recommended changes to Army Technique Publications. Accomplishing the mission by achieving an appropriate mix of lethal and nonlethal effects remains an important consideration for every commander. Fires align with the tenets of unified land operations in ADP which are flexibility, integration, lethality, adaptability, depth, and synchronization. Fires execution supports these tenets and the supported force in seizing and maintaining the initiative.

Unified land operations recognizes the three-dimensional nature of modern warfare and the need to conduct a fluid mix of Fires in support of offensive, defensive, and stability tasks simultaneously.

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Integration of fires creates an optimal environment that mitigates risks, resource shortfalls and covers gaps within the areas of operations AO. Fires must be coordinated and cleared on the ground and through the airspace to enable the rapid and timely delivery of fires and to prevent fratricide. The operational environment requires the integration of Army offensive and defensive surface-to-surface and surface-to-air fires capabilities with the capabilities of other Army warfighting functions, special operations forces, joint services, interagency, and multinational partners.

Fires in decisive action create effects and set conditions to enable commanders to prevail in unified land operations.

Presentation on theme: "Army Doctrine Publication (ADP) 3-37; and Army"— Presentation transcript:

Providing a coordinated effect on a specific target characterized by having a high degree of accuracy using guidance control and correctable ballistics. Fires capabilities that are adaptable, versatile, and capable to a degree that allows intended effects to be achieved through nonlethal to lethal capabilities. Employment of fires capabilities in an expedient manner meeting the needs of the supported forces. All Weather. Fires capabilities are not weather restrictive, and can be sustained and maintained in any or all weather conditions.

Precision capabilities have a circular error probable of less than 10 meters. Near Precision fires typically have a circular error probable of between 10 and 50 meters. Air Defense fires have a probability of kill percentage associated with their effects. Mass Area Fires. Fires retain the responsibility and capability of providing degree coverage and early warning to preserve friendly forces and their assets. Fires mass in space and time on a single or multiple targets.

Battalion sized firing units down to two weapon systems deliver area fires and their effects. Air and Space Integration. Fires leaders have the responsibility to integrate air and space control measures to ensure all commanders have the maximum freedom to achieve their objectives and have maximum flexibility to use assets organic, supporting and joint within that airspace.

Fires requires responsive integrated network connectivity meshed with joint air and space management systems in order to synchronize and deliver timely air and ground fires and early warning. Fires enable all users of airspace to synchronize, plan, and execute a cohesive air deconfliction resolution. Fires personnel coordinate airspace integration to ensure that conflicts between ground fires and air operations are minimized using FSCMs and ACMs.

This unified action mitigates the possibility of fratricide and duplication of effort. Inherently Joint. All forms of fires are joint by nature through their association with the development, coordination, and integration of the joint integrated prioritized target list and the critical asset list CAL into the DAL development.


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The joint fires element develops joint targeting guidance, objectives, and priorities. Fires contribute to the overall effect of maneuver in which commanders use them separately in decisive, shaping, and sustaining operations to directly influence the mission objectives. Fires in the decisive operation integrate and synchronize weapon systems and sensors to achieve lethal and nonlethal effects in support of the scheme of maneuver.

Shaping operations create and preserve conditions for the success of the decisive operation ADP Fires in sustaining operations protect and enable friendly forces to retain freedom of action. Fires must be responsive and positioned to attack and disable enemy forces or any potential threat.

Deep operations involve efforts to disrupt uncommitted enemy forces ADP These types of operations frequently tie to events in time or space. Fires in support of deep operations disrupt enemy movement, command and control, sustainment and fires assets. Fires used in deep operations include interdiction, counterair, and electronic attack.

Close operations involve efforts to have immediate effects with committed friendly forces-potentially in direct contact with enemy forces-to include enemy reserves available for immediate commitment ADP Fires in support of close operations include counterfire, indirect fire protection capabilities, combined arms for air defense, close air support CAS , and final protective fires. When employing fires in support of close operations, commanders must mitigate risk of fratricide by selecting the most appropriate fires capability and implementing ACMs and FSCMs.

Security operations involve efforts to provide early and accurate warning of enemy operations, provide the force with time, and maneuver space within which to react to the enemy, protect the force from surprise, and develop the situation so the commander can effectively use the force ADP Air and Missile Defense Employment Principles: mass, mix, mobility, integration Guidelines: mutual support, overlapping fires, balanced fires, weighted coverage, early engagement, defense in depth Field Artillery Employment Principles: AWIFM Adequate fire support for committed units Weight the main effort Immediate responsive fires Facilitate future operations Maximize feasible centralized control To employ fires is to use available weapons and other systems to create a specific lethal or nonlethal effect on a target JP This contribution employs principles of planning, coordination, and execution as a guide.

In advising the supported commander on the application of fires, the fires planner also reviews fires requirements against several basic fires considerations that guide planning in the development of the fire support plan and AADP. Employment principles, guidelines, and priorities provide the basis for the employment of Air Defense weapons systems and sensors for maximum coverage of the defended assets.

ADA employment principles enable air defense forces to successfully perform combat missions and support overall force objectives. Mass is the concentration of air defense combat power. Mass may also be interpreted to include the launching of more than one interceptor against a target. Mix is the employment of a combination of weapon and sensor systems to protect the force and assets from the threat.

Mix offsets the limitations of one system with the capabilities of another. Mobility is defined as a quality or capability of military forces, which permits them to move from place to place while retaining the ability to fulfill their primary mission. Integration is the combination of the forces, systems, functions, processes and information acquisition and distribution required to efficiently and effectively perform the mission. Integration combines separate systems, capabilities, functions, etc.

Organic fire units are most responsive to maneuver elements. The minimum adequate support for committed units is considered to be one organic FA battalion for each committed brigade. In no instance can there be more than one fires unit in direct support of a maneuver unit. Support relationships of reinforcing or general support reinforcing GSR can be assigned to provide additional responsive fires to an organic FA battalion or a FA battalion with a direct support relationship.

The force commander should place some artillery on call with which they can immediately influence unified land operations.

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This fundamental is essential to ensure success in the face of unforeseen events and to ensure smooth transition from one phase of an operation to another. The fundamental can be implemented through the assignment of a support relationship, positioning of fires elements, and allocation of ammunition. The assignment of an on-order mission facilitates a future mission. Another way to facilitate future operations is to modify thecurrent command or support relationship in accordance with anticipated requirements. Fires are most effective when control is centralized at the highest level consistent with the fire support capabilities and requirements of the overall mission.

Centralized control of fires permits flexibility in their employment and facilitates effective support to each subordinate element of the command and to the force as a whole. Command and support relationships represent varying degrees of centralized control and responsiveness to committed units. The optimum degree of centralized control varies with each tactical situation. Decisive action will require more careful planning because of the limited resources available to attack targets and the need for carefully coordinated employment of acquisition, attack, and assessment means.

A high degree of centralized control is desired in a defensive situation. Since the enemy has the initiative, it is difficult to accurately predict where and when he will strike. A lesser degree of centralized control is required in an offensive situation, because the supported force has the initiative. The Fires Cell is the principle fires organization at multiple echelons of the Army that plans, coordinates, integrates, and synchronizes the employment and assessment of fires in support of current and future theater wide operations. It recommends targeting guidance to the commander and develops high-payoff targets and selects targets for attack.

SMDC is also the proponent for integration and force modernization for space, high altitude, and global missile defense.

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When designated by the JFC a theater Army, corps, or division commander serves as the commander of the joint force land component or a joint task force JTF. The BCD provides the critical and continuous coordination between the air and land commanders. This designation formalizes the relationship between the land-based air defense artillery ADA assets dedicated to theater level missions and the AADC and also ensures fully integrated and synchronized counterair and Army forces AMD operations. This designation formalizes the relationship between the land-based ADA assets dedicated to theater level missions and the AADC and also ensures fully integrated and synchronized counterair and Army forces AMD operations.

The corps and theater fires cell FC plans, coordinates, integrates, and synchronizes the employment and assessment of fires in support of current and future theater wide operations.



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