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Death Toll Mounts in Germany
Submit a new entry. Compile a new entry. The African pirate Khair-ed-Din, called Barbarossa, he conquered it in , during one of his expeditions in the Middle Tyrrhenian terrible. Die Verteidigungsanlage der Burg umfasst 14 Tore. Kramsach, the lake village of Tyrol, is well known thanks to its Museum of Tyrolean Farmhouses and Museum Cemetery with funny sayings. When taking a walk either through the romantic town of knights 40 kB or in the moat of the bombastic castle 40 kB , you feel just like going back a few centuries despite all the tourists. Further audio installations are spread throughout the overall museum and give insights on the medieval city life.
The name is derived from the built star-shaped fortress. Search now for a furnished room in Sternschanze hamburg. As a result in Adolf Hitler ordered the construction of the Atlantic Wall, a defensive system of heavy concrete, from Spain in the south up to Norway in the north. Today the " 10th Battery " is a monument of World War II and will further on give reason for reflection to many generations.
After Henry s death, his son Otto IV. Die an der Mauer angebrachten historischen Eisenringe erinnern wiederum an die Funktion der Burg als Verteidigungsanlage und Wehrbau sowie an ein zentrales Element ritterlicher Lebensweise:Sie dienten zum Anbinden der Pferde. Festung1 www. Fredrikstad is one of three Norwegian towns that have had defensive walls, and the only one where the defences are still intact.
Fredrikstad Fortress was constructed according to Dutch architectural models, with wide water-filled moats and high earth ramparts. Jahrhunderts errichtet wurde. On top of it is the Castell, a huge fortress , the final form of which was constructed at the end of the 18th century. For many years it was the military prison and a symbol of the suppression by the Franco regime. Details www. Es hat einen viereckigen Grundriss. The castle was built by the Franks and was later on transformed into a defense complex by the Ottomans.
It has a four-sided ground plan and maintains part of the fortification and one of its mighty towers as well as two of the external gates. The southern exterior wall with two projecting turrets and a decked wall walkway extends from the west gate tower located at the gateway to the semi-circular tower to the east. Infos: www. Information: tel. The powerful fortifications were built at the same time as Hohensalzburg Fortress and are some of the best preserved late medieval defences and rooms on the continent. Over the centuries they have seen countless attacks and sieges, and several great rulers and lords, such as Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, were held prisoner in the castle.
It a delightful historical city centre encloses with medieval lanes, Roman churches and Renaisancepalaesten. Picture gallery www. Im Umlan von Yaiza finden wir Landschaften von ausserordentlicher Schoenheit: www. In the surroundings of the municipality of Yaiza, we find places of extraordinary natural beauty: www.
Joseph Goebbels - War Crimes - Biography
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Kontakt Die Ruine Kropfsberg in Brixlegg ist eine sehenswerte, ehemalige Verteidigungsanlage aus dem Contact The Kropfsberg ruins in Brixlegg are a former fortress from the thirteenth century that is worth seeing. In die Stadtmauer, die sich teilweise innerhalb des Museumsbaus befindet, sind Audioinszenierungen eingebettet. Parts of the leftover historic city wall are integrated to the new museum wing.
D as The Shelter Museum of Hirtshals In it had become evident to the German supreme command, that an invasion of the Allies from the western seaside could be possible. Lichtenberger Castle in Lichtenberg near Salzgitter Henry the Lion built Lichtenberger Castle and used it for a long time as a defensive fortification against the emperor, the Staufer Frederick I.
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The courtyard wall is characterized by decorative elements such as medieval stone sculptures, sepulchral monuments and ornamental stonework. In December a conservation order was issued by the Directorate for Cultural Heritage protecting 58 of the military buildings of the Old Town. More than sites, ranging from the Netherlands to eastern Germany, were proposed. He had previously assisted archaeologists in England during his spare time, using a metal detector to search for traces of Roman roads. The British officer promised to turn over to the museum anything he found.
He pored over old maps, studied regional topography and read extensively about the battle, including a treatise by 19th-century historian Theodor Mommsen, who had speculated that it took place somewhere near Kalkriese, although few agreed with him. As Clunn drove around Kalkriese in his black Ford Scorpio, introducing himself to local farmers, he saw a landscape that had changed significantly since Roman times. Forests of oak, alder and beech had long since given way to cultivated fields and copses of pine. Stolid modern farm buildings with red-tile roofs stood in place of the huts of the ancient tribesmen.
The Great Bog itself had disappeared, drained in the 19th century; it was now bucolic pastureland. Using an old hand-drawn map he got from a local landowner, Clunn noted the locations of earlier coin finds. So you look for the most logical spot to start searching—for example, a pass where a trail might narrow, a bottleneck. As he walked, sweeping his metal detector from side to side, he noticed a slight elevation. He began following the elevation, working backward toward the hills. Before long, a ringing in his earphones indicated metal in the earth.
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He bent over, carefully cut away a small square of turf with a trowel, and began to dig, sifting the peaty soil through his fingers. He dug down about eight inches. In his hand lay a small, round silvercoin, blackened with age—a Roman denarius, stamped on one side with the aquiline features of Augustus, and on the other, with two warriors armed with battle shields and spears. Who lost these?
He asked himself, and what had the coin carrier been doing—running, riding, walking? Before Clunn left the area for the day, he carefully logged the location of the coins on his grid map, sealed them in plastic pouches and restored the clods of dirt. The next time Clunn returned to Kalkriese, his metal detector signaled another find: at a depth of about a foot, he discovered another denarius. This one, too, bore a likeness of Augustus on one side, and on the other, a bull with head lowered, as if about to charge.
By the end of the day, Clunn had unearthed no fewer than 89 coins. The following weekend, he found still more, for a total of , none minted later than the reign of Augustus. The vast majority were in pristine condition, as if they had been little circulated when they were lost. Along with coins, he discovered shards of lead and bronze, nails, fragments of a groma a distinctive Roman road-surveying device and three curious ovoid pieces of lead that German scholars identified as sling shot.
They were fortunate: sometime in the past, local farmers had covered the poor sandy subsoil with a thick layer of sod that had protected the undiscovered artifacts below. Since the early s, excavations have located battle debris along a corridor almost 15 miles long from east to west, and a little more than 1 mile from north to south, offering additional proof that it unfolded over many miles, before reaching its dreadful climax at Kalkriese.
Perhaps the most important single discovery was evidence of a wall 4 feet high and 12 feet thick, built of sand and reinforced by chunks of sod. The wall zigzagged so that the Germans on top of it could attack the Romans from two angles. They could stand on the wall, or rush out through gaps in it to attack the Roman flank, and then run back behind it for safety. The dearth of objects behind it testifies to their failure to do so. The more the archaeologists excavated, the more they appreciated the immensity of the massacre. Clearly, Arminius and his men had scoured the battlefield after the slaughter and carried off everything of value, including Roman armor, helmets, gold and silver, utensils and weapons.
Most of what archaeologists have unearthed consists of items the victors failed to notice, or dropped as they looted. Many of these objects, cleaned and restored, are on display in the museum at the site. Archaeologists also found fragments of bombs that Allied planes dropped on the area during World War II. We stopped at a low hill on the outskirts of the village of Schwagstorf. From the car, I could barely detect the rise in the ground, but Clunn assured me that this was the highest s ot in the vicinity.
Here, he has found the same types of coins and artifacts that have been unearthed at Kalkriese; he hopes that future excavationswill determine that the battered Roman forces attempted to regroup here shortly before they met their doom. Subscribe or Give a Gift.
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