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At times they seem all too inclined to oblige him. Others have tried to wish the problem away.
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Growing numbers of migrants from Honduras and Guatemala arriving at the U. But in public, Democratic presidential candidates, speaking to their base, still offer only the kind of long-term solutions that will do nothing to diminish the numbers. Elizabeth Warren is typical. Yet Warren, like all the other Democratic senators now running for president, has endorsed the carefully branded Central America Reform and Enforcement Act, which implicitly acknowledges the gravity of the crisis, takes several lessons from the European crisis, and offers a solution that is serious and persuasive.
The legislation would resume the large-scale targeted development aid programs of the Obama era, which Trump has cut, illogically—at least if you think the goal is to succeed in tamping down on immigration. It would also make major investments in humane accommodations at the border and in the expansion of the ranks of immigration judges and asylum officials.
Crucially, the bill also includes provisions that would limit the flow of refugees. It proposes that the United States work with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to strengthen the capacity of Mexico and other countries in the region to grant asylum to arriving refugees.
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The legislation would also establish safe places in the region from which U. One central lesson of the European experience post is that citizens care very much about borders and will react badly if they feel theirs are being breached.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who famously opened her arms to Syrian refugees, realized this only belatedly and was forced to strike an ugly deal with Turkey in March to keep refugees from crossing into Europe. The United States has the time and the ability to find an orderly solution, if only it chooses to do so. Liberals tend to focus exclusively on the underlying issues, known as push factors, that lead people to flee their homelands.
In this case, that means gang violence, corruption, failed governance, and climate change, which makes farming increasingly unprofitable. But pull factors offered by host countries matter, too, as Merkel discovered when Germany was overwhelmed by refugees.
Now Mexico is deporting far more Central Americans than it did under a conservative president last year. The humanitarian impulse, by itself, can make matters worse.
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Yet that impulse can be tempered by pragmatic policy. Any such policy must begin with the right to asylum. Last year, Jeff Sessions, the U. At the same time, many Central Americans simply want a better life, just as do many African migrants seeking to reach Europe. They are not refugees and ought not be granted asylum, although some could come legally as immigrants.
The legislation would end the backlog by adding asylum officials and judges, rather than reducing their numbers, as Trump has done, and would keep track of migrants by assigning them to immigration officers in a case management system—which had begun under Obama but was terminated by Sessions. Citizens need to see that undeserving applicants are, in fact, deported, though in an orderly and humane way. But the United States will need help. Central American victims of violence have a right to refuge but not a right to choose their place of refuge.
In a system of global resettlement organized by the U. Success is hardly guaranteed: The European effort collapsed in part because only Germany and Sweden fully committed themselves to accepting refugees. But in any case, what to do about refugees is a global problem that requires a global, and thus multilateral, solution.
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Of course, only a U. Another relevant case to the ECJ ruling on sending migrants back to the member states where they first set foot on EU soil are The Ibrahim and Others cases, involving stateless Palestinians from Syrian being granted protection in Bulgaria and a Russian national from Chechnya being granted protection in Poland. Germany, located in the geographic center of the European Union, has been the prime destination for Middle Eastern and African migrants, including since the migrant crisis when German Chancellor Angela Merkel declared a controversial open door policy supposedly for refugees from the Syrian Civil War.
U.S. Immigration Timeline - HISTORY
In its ruling, the European Court of Justice stated that shortcomings in the welfare system of an EU member state should not prevent the deportation of asylum seekers there. Migrants who travel illegally to another EU state and seek asylum there can be deported to the point of entry in the EU within six months. Back in , Germany sent back over 8, migrants, mostly to Italy and a few to Greece. German Chancellor Angela Merkel. The no-confidence motion by.