Question 2. On the issue of young women participation in politics, the negative approach here is the societal belief that a young woman needs is to first tend the home before getting involved in public activities. Women who are in their child bearing age are discouraged to be active in politics because of the dangers inherent in it.
They are the vulnerable members of the society and any act of violent will impede their performance because they will first remember their children and for fear of losing their lives and abandoning the children they will forever shield away from political activities. Question 3. What can parliaments, governments, political parties and civil society do to increase young women and men representation in politics.
The best attitude towards achieving active participation of young women and young men in politics is to go back to the drawing board, where the adult members of the society will leave the scene and encourage youth participation. They should act as a backbone to structure the youths and make them function appropriately in the political arena. But before this can be achieved, the upkeep of the adult group should be enshrined in the constitution and be part of the national development plan.
If there is provision made for such people to mortgage their future and some who had since used politics as a money making venture will shelve the idea. However, the youth that are to be involved has to get quality education and training to understand that politics and political affairs is not a money making venture: but an avenue to serve the public for the public interest and that any legislation to be made will first address the needs and satisfaction of the public whom they are representing and not self or individual interest.
They should be accountable for their actions when in service and to always return to their communities to seek for their opinions before taking a decision in whatever parliamentary level they are in either the House of Representative or in the Senate. They should be resemblance as serious agents for positive social change before they are voted in.
Take for example the case of a particular state in Nigeria my country, Akwa Ibom state, at a time a governor who is a youth and a vibrant lawyer was elected, his activity centred on liberating his people from the servitude of poverty by making the state and its local government a place to be through the provision of infrastructural facilities and good road network. The result was that all its youths that have migrated to the urban cities in search of greener pastures started coming home to invest in one business venture or the other.
Civic Engagement as an Antidote to Corporate Greed
As he was leaving office, he also made sure that his predecessor is also a youth like him who has been a technocrat in the banking sector. He took up the mantle of leadership based on his accountability proficiency and because he is not vast in politics, he has an adult senior politician as a backbone hence in my opinion they are carrying the flag and making sure it is flying based on the aspiration of the other governor.
If this becomes the routine in governance adults participation in politics will gradually erode and give room for youth participation. Question 4. What are some of the most innovative alternative methods marches, sit-ins. Youth participation in politics is increasingly been the focus of advocacy in issues pertaining politics, and some of the view is that the opportunity to express themselves should be the first avenue for increased youth participation in politics.
The youth having access to social media platform is another means for expressing their political interest though sometimes this is abused but recently the outcome of responses from youths to some political decisions by the adults in leadership positions have revealed critical thinking and is very educative: hence some of the leaders have concentrated in using the social media platform to seek for positive action based plan to be adopted based on some of the responses received when issues are presented for discussion or otherwise for criticism.
It is also noteworthy to say that some members of the political class no longer shield away from the activities of the social media as it was before rather it has become the norm for them to use it to canvass for opinions and positive feedback of political squabbles that has eluded their understanding, thereby giving the youths the preamble of the ideals of politics and what is to be expected of them assuming they are in a position to serve. Question 5. Supporting the young in activism will be necessary at this time through financial empowerment.
This is because some of the youth that will express interest for running political position have remained unemployed for some time and they have no form of basic income to support themselves more or less money for running a parliamentary position. However, if this seems to be dicey because it can be abused and money may not be accounted for, why not through selection, balloting system or direct appointment to choose a representative among the youths. For instance recently in my local government, precisely Afikpo south in Ebonyi state of Nigeria, the erstwhile House of Assembly candidate observed the interest of some of the women in the community to vie for political position went ahead to get registration forms for the women because they on their own cannot pay for the forms.
He supported their candidature and surprisingly they won in their different wards as local council members. Encouraging the youths by way of team participation in every social activity- organizing a non- funding meeting, adequate support financially, morally and absolute guidance can guarantee the youths confidence towards increased participation. Organizing a forum for discussion should not be used as a means to turn the youths or use them as thugs but a way to politically educate them to understand what politics is all about, teaching them how to serve having the public interest at heart and be responsible citizens for the sake of the growing ones.
Question 6. For instance in Africa, some group of adult politicians have adopted some youths to be their personal assistant, through that means the sincere ones coach them on how to participate in political affairs. Some of the adult politicians send them as representatives to community meetings where they are given opportunity to speak on behalf of their master.
Some organize youth forum and make the youths present to ask questions and from there some active youths who have shown activism in one way or the other are being adopted to join political party and they are recruited as party agents, representatives, campaign officers and so forth with the aim of grooming them to be the leaders of tomorrow. I am not against the method because no matter how educated one is, there is the need to learn from the masters and the only way is to first attach oneself to one good master or the other.
Question 7. Please share any initiatives you are aware? Supporting young members to be part of the political process at this time is imperative and some of the strategies to achieve this is by way of election keeping reserved seats to be for the youths. Another way is through quota system which is similar to the first point: a certain quota percentage in parliamentary positions should be reserved for women and youth interested in politics. They should not be threatened by money spinning politicians but should be encouraged that even the poor can also be members of parliament. The other major way of support is by advocacy through an effective and efficient local government political involvement because grassroots politics is the major hurdle to surpass before the bigger parliamentary positions.
With an effective local government structure, the youth gets involved in the activities of their local councils canvassing for votes and reaching the local populace in the language they will understand: the heart of the people will be won and if the youths involved are good community members and law abiding citizens they scale through during the electioneering campaign and subsequently become members of parliament.
Therefore, there is the need for the local councils to advertise their activities and get their communities involved in every affair of the council for improved participation of all in that particular community. Hence there is the need to emphasise on the proper education of the youths as a means of forging ahead rather than becoming second class citizens because of lack of education.
Question 8. Yea, youths are better equipped with strategies to mitigate the problems of gender inequality and discrimination- the mere reason that social media have created an avenue for interaction among the youths of different background sexes and ages have continued to share their views with each other through that platform. You make friends male and female on Facebook, twitter, Instagram without knowing them in person, no prior knowledge of each other and maybe if you are smart you choose your friends based on your political, social and economic inclination.
Ideas shared on this platform is very much valued giving everyone who has read it a kind of satisfaction creating a uniformity for a compromise with a particular solution to a problem. Female friends air their views without intimidation and sometimes some of the questions are particularly thrown to the audience of women participants and their views will be sought specifically by the male counterparts. Question 9. To measure the participation of youth in political affairs is not a matter of personal idea, it needs to be researched before an aggregate of findings can be attached to the study.
This is because in recent times calls on the involvement of youths in political affairs have been on the rise and that has necessitated efforts by some countries to review their constitution by way of reform to include quota system of youth and women inclusive participation in political activities. But my observation is that some of this strategies is not sustainable because for instance my MSc thesis was on women participation in politics in Nigeria between the periods of , there was improvement because our then head of state encouraged women to come out and join politics.
He specifically appointed a good number as ministers and others were giving some other appointments. But suffice to say that when his tenure expired and some of these women also retired the subsequent leadership could not meet up with that tempo though they tried but as I am writing now the extent of women participating in the present government tends to be very low.
Though some youths have been appointed by some of the governors but the positions of interest giving to them is not very encouraging, sometimes the people they pick as youths are actors, actresses and musicians which they give similar interest position. What about the teaming youths who are young technocrats interested in policy making and have the excellent knowledge to enact legislation towards the betterment of the society?
These so called actors and actresses do not actually know the demands of the community but concentrate mostly on their career and areas of their career interest, they will hardly create a positive impact on the welfare of the community. Hugh, Matthew. Journal of youth studies: 4 3 : They can break status quo in politics, good way to create better responsible citizen, this will enhance better understanding of the needs of youth and development. In developing and poor countries, good number of youth are coming and taking membership in political parties but their representation in parliament and decision making is very low.
So many causes are there:. Criteria of parliamentarians:. They must have good educational background,. Scientific outlook,. All the young people men and women are aware of what is going on in the political arena, which invited them to make their voices heard and to discuss all the issues on the level of the world, both in economy and politics, sports, because all the areas to serve some political participation which were confined to men and adults has now become the leading women youth and chief of the effective role of civil society organizations to highlight its role and representation of women the best representation of the Arab and African women in particular, especially until we achieve peace on the world level and eliminate conflicts.
Even if they start off with idealistic plans somewhere along the line they join the corruption band wagon and its no longer what can I do for my people but how can I grab more wealth. Engage, engage and engage. Educate, involve, let them participate and let their views be taken seriously. The fight for a third women representation in parliament for Kenya is still in going. Twitter hashtags. Provide leadership training, mentorship programmes. In Kenya its all about money and tribe.
The youth a very pliable especially with high unemployment rates. Student Unions in universities provide a platform where the students engage in politics at a later stage. Set up leadership programmes such us YALI at state level and encourage youth to join and express their opinions and views on policies etc. Acknowledge their achievements, support new initiatives. Support female candidates during elections. Stand out against violence against women, encourage other men to support female political candidates.
The world is now an urban village owing to internet access, the youth are more open to new ideas and views. The age of political party representatives, Age of members of parliament, etc. Skip to main content. Youth Political Participation.
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Back Youth Political Participation. Read the e-discussion The Summary Share. Questions How do you explain the low representation of young people in parliaments and governments around the world? Please note that there are different options to send your contributions: Login with your iKNOW Politics member credentials.
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There are 14 Comments in this language version, More comments are available in different languages. Use below option to post comment using Social account. When we talk of real Submitted by bachia on Thu, Thanks for posting Submitted by Annet Mpabulung Here are some views from Uganda: do 1. Leaders should be encouraged to evolve succession plan, this should involve identifying a potential successors early and nurturing the individuals to the desired position. Number of youth that are registered voters and those who actually vote iv. Level and number of youth quota positions that are filled.
Submitted by How do you expl Thank you for your message Submitted by admin on Tue, Could you please elaborate?
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Not a single upper house of parliament anywhere in the world has more than 10 per cent of its members aged under Trends for different age groups 1. Male MPs outnumber their female counterparts in every age group. Recent elections have seen a global trend towards more young MPs aged under Youth quotas, lower eligibility ages, proportional representation and inclusive parliaments are all factors that increase the number of young MPs. Best performers Ecuador, Finland, Norway and Sweden are the only parliaments in the world where more than 10 per cent of members are aged under Andorra, Denmark and Ecuador have the highest proportion of MPs aged under 40 in lower or single houses of parliament.
Belgium, Bhutan and Kenya have the highest proportion of MPs aged under 40 in upper houses of parliament.
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More than 60 per cent of MPs in the unicameral parliament of Andorra and in the lower houses of parliament of Ethiopia and Oman are aged under More than 80 per cent of MPs in the upper house of the parliament of Bhutan are aged under Parliamentary committees dealing with youth issues exist in the vast majority of countries, but most share their remit with other subjects such as sports, education, the family or vulnerable groups. Parliamentarians under the age of 45 chair less than 25 per cent of those committees, and form a majority in less than one third.
New technologies and online tools are helping citizens, including young people, to understand and monitor the work of parliaments, and are also boosting accessibility and transparency. Agripinner Nandhego from Uganda In Uganda young people are encouraged to participate in politics through the policy that calls for regional representation. Research support to enable them to be equipped with knowledge to initiate laws and policies supporting young people 8. Research that specifically focuses on them and one that is comprehensive to include a wide range of micro-level factors such exposure to media, political attitudes, socio-demographics and youth political participation.
Title Page, Copyright Download Save. Contents p. Preface pp. Introduction pp. Chapter 1: Corporate Leadership Problems pp. Chapter 2: New Corporations and New Regulations pp. Chapter 3: Disempowering Communities pp. Chapter 4: New Management pp. Chapter 5: Creating Junk pp. Chapter 6: Importing Fruit pp. Chapter 7: Experts and Local Knowledge pp. Chapter 8: Consequences and Controls pp.
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