Parents may have unrealistic expectations about how well their children obey their safety rules when not directly supervised.
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Frequent participation in water sports as well as a tendency to be more reckless could explain the high drowning rate among those 20 to 25 years of age. The high drowning rate of older people may be related to difficulties managing emergency situations.
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Many older people have never learned to swim. They also are more likely to have health problems that can cause loss of consciousness while swimming, such as a heart attack or low blood pressure. Drownings happen year round and at all hours of the day and night. However, it is clear that drownings peak in the warmer seasons as people flock to the water for recreation and relief from the heat.
Prime time for drownings is mid to late afternoon. Again, this is largely predictable given that this is the hottest part of the day.
Death by Drowning
However, drownings occur in all water including swimming pools and bathtubs. Most drownings happen in environments and during activities unsupervised by lifeguards. And the great majority of drownings occur in circumstances where the victim has no intention of going into the water. In terms of recreation, those involving small, and especially motorised boats rank high in the list of activities drowning victims were engaged in.
Drowning is the main reason for these deaths and it often occurs after a collision with other boats or objects, capsizing or falling overboard are the main causes of these boating-related deaths. This is why the wearing of life jackets is so important aboard any boat. While drowning takes a large toll around the world, there is some good news: hundreds of thousands of lives are saved every year by trained lifesavers and lifeguards. And even though greater numbers of people now engage in water activities, the drowning rates have not gone up.
This means that a combination of a growing interest in water safety and better training for lifesavers and lifeguards is in some areas successfully preventing many drownings. Lifesaving and Personal Survival The earliest movements to help people become safer in and around the water focused on learning to swim and other survival techniques.
But even those who know how to swim might need to use personal survival skills in situations like these: A person might not be able to swim to safety after falling out of a boat or swimming out too far. Someone might be carried away by a strong current. Unforeseen circumstances may develop, such as cramps or an inability to swim because of very cold water. A pedestrian may fall from a pier or be swept from shore by a large wave. Treading water and sculling. Males are especially at risk of drowning, with twice the overall mortality rate of females.
They are more likely to be hospitalized than females for non-fatal drowning. Studies suggest that the higher drowning rates among males are due to increased exposure to water and riskier behaviour such as swimming alone, drinking alcohol before swimming alone and boating.
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Increased access to water is another risk factor for drowning. Individuals with occupations such as commercial fishing or fishing for subsistence, using small boats in low-income countries are more prone to drowning. Children who live near open water sources, such as ditches, ponds, irrigation channels, or pools are especially at risk.
Flood disasters are becoming more frequent and this trend is expected to continue. Drowning risks increase with floods particularly in low- and middle-income countries where people live in flood prone areas and the ability to warn, evacuate, or protect communities from floods is weak or only just developing. Daily commuting and journeys made by migrants or asylum seekers often take place on overcrowded, unsafe vessels lacking safety equipment or are operated by personnel untrained in dealing with transport incidents or navigation.
Personnel under the influence of alcohol or drugs are also a risk. There are other factors that are associated with an increased risk of drowning, such as:.
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There are many actions to prevent drowning. Installing barriers e. Community-based, supervised child care for pre-school children can reduce drowning risk and has other proven health benefits. There are steps parents can take to prevent such occurrences. Read on to learn more essential pool safety tips -- it can save lives.
Since a drowning can occur in as little as 25 seconds, adults must never leave a child alone in a pool and must always be at arms reach. Turning away for even a second can increase the risk of drowning. Water watchers should not be on their phones and should be hyperaware, even if a lifeguard is present. There is no room for distraction, even if many adults are present. Sarah Denny, from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Tip: Toys should be kept out of the pool when not in use so kids aren't as tempted to enter the pool area. According to reports, swimming lessons can help reduce the risk of drowning in children aged one to four by 88 percent.
It's important to note that lessons, while beneficial, don't " drown proof " a child. According to the AAP, children's basic swim skills should include "ability to enter the water, surface, turn around, propel oneself for at least 25 yards, float on or tread water, and exit the water. Unlike what is portrayed in the movies, drowning can be silent: No splashing, no kicking, no yelling. It's quick, and can only take as little as 25 seconds for a child to drown.
That's why it's important for parents and supervisors to be vigilant and hyperaware. See Gallery. An estimated children drown in the US every year , with two-thirds of those deaths taking place between May and August. Children can drown "silently" in as little as 25 seconds, and it's not like something out of the movies: no splashing, no yelling.
The lack of barriers, such as fences, as well as the lack of swimming ability and close supervision can contribute to the risk of drowning. Furthermore, formal swimming lessons can reduce the risks of drowning in children aged one to four by 88 percent. More from Aol. Sign up for the Best Bites by AOL newsletter to get the most delicious recipes and hottest food trends delivered straight to your inbox every day.
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