English 101 Series: 101 Model Answers for IELTS Writing Task 2

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There may, however, be disadvantages. Students who go to study in foreign countries often claim that they will return to their own countries upon completion of those studies, to work for the betterment of their own country. However, favourable immigration laws and a taste of life in what are usually more developed countries than their own are often persuasive enough to ensure that only a minority return home.

Generally, the benefits of studying abroad appear to me to be greater than the drawbacks, though countries might consider ways of ensuring that the benefits accrue more to the countries providing the foreign students than those receiving them. Some people believe that teenagers should study all school subjects while others claim that they should focus on the subjects they are best at or that they are interested in. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. In this essay I shall explain why I think that teenagers should study the subjects that they are interested in rather than studying all the subjects that a school offers.

I think that it is a good idea for teenagers to study a range of subjects. When they are younger, they can do this quite easily because the depth of knowledge is not that great. This is enough to give them a basic overview of the different subjects. However, when they become teenagers, the subject matter becomes more detailed and therefore I think that they need to spend more time on each subject.

This means that studying all the subjects on offer is not realistic. If teenagers are free to choose their own subjects, they are likely to choose the ones they enjoy. These, in turn, are probably going to be the subjects that they are best at. This means that teenagers, many of whom think of school as boring and a waste of time, are more likely to stick with their studies and become better qualified and educated.

This obviously has a positive impact on society and the economy in general. There are arguments against this. Many people argue that teenagers are not ready to make important decisions about which subjects to study at school. Of course, there is nothing to prevent school, parents and even the government providing information and counselling to teenagers, perhaps regarding which jobs offer good pay or which sectors of the economy are likely to need workers. However, I think that it might be a good idea to trust teenagers and let them make the final decision.

In conclusion, I think it is best to leave the decision about which subjects to study to teenagers, though it might be a good idea for others to provide them with information regarding their options. Money for post graduate research is limited. Some people, therefore, think that financial support from the government should only be provided for scientific research. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

In this essay, I shall explain why I think that the majority of money available from the government to fund post graduate research should go scientific research, rather than to research into the humanities. Government funding for post graduate research is clearly limited, so it is obvious that decisions need to be made regarding which research receives priority. Modern global society nowadays relies heavily on science and technology. It seems to me, therefore, that this where the majority of funding should be focussed. Countries that are at the head of scientific development are the ones that are most likely to be successful.

Scientific breakthroughs are also likely to result in employment opportunities, even for those without science backgrounds. However, I think that the government should reserve some funding for non-scientific research at post graduate level. Whilst I accept that science is the key to success, it is not everything. In the future, we will still need people who can see opportunities for scientific breakthroughs to be used to benefit society. The people who see these opportunities may not be scientists; they may be entrepreneurs or people with education in the humanities.

Other research, into history for example, could give us insights into how our society operates today or why people behave as they do. For the reasons above, I think that government funding of post graduate research should focus on science, but include some for non-scientific research too. Some people think that governments should decide which subjects and lessons should be taught at schools. Others think that schools and teachers should decide. What is your opinion on this issue? In this essay, I shall explain why I think that schools and teachers should be given greater freedom to decide which subjects and lessons should be taught at schools, but with the government also having a say in the matter.

Some people are concerned that if schools and teachers are allowed to decide which subjects and lessons are taught at schools, this will lead to a lack of standards. I do not believe that this would happen, certainly not in the overwhelming majority of cases. There are certain subjects that almost everyone agrees should be taught at all schools to all students. In Britain, the two obvious ones are English and maths, since a firm basis of knowledge in these subjects is essential for success in virtually every aspect of life.

Thereafter, the matter becomes more open. Most people would probably suggest that computing, science, history, geography and a foreign language should be taught, but some would disagree and many would hold different views on the emphasis that should be placed on each subject. The fact that different parents, and different students, would have varying views about what subjects and lessons it is best to have leads me and others to suggest that schools and teachers should have the power to offer curricula that is in demand.

This would likely lead to some schools focussing more on science, others on humanities, others on artistic subjects and some on all three.

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This choice would, in my opinion, lead to students studying more of what they like, parents becoming more involved in what their children study and schools and teachers paying attention to both and keeping standards high to persuade people to go to their schools. The government could continue to inspect schools and provide unbiased information about them for the public to examine, thus ensuring that certain standards are met.

In conclusion, I would like to see teachers and schools being given the flexibility to provide education as they see fit, with the government providing some minimum requirements and parents and students being provided with more information about schools. Some people think that young people should go to university to further their education while others think that they should be encouraged to work as car mechanics, builders, etc. Discuss both of these views and give your own opinion.

In this essay, I shall examine whether it is better for young people to go to university for further education or to find work that benefits the community. The main advantage of going to university is that young people can acquire knowledge that helps them to get jobs as engineers, doctors, lawyers, teachers, etc. These are the kind of jobs that mainly rely on intellect rather than practical or physical skills.

However, it is unrealistic and undesirable to have everyone given university educations. Some people do not have the aptitude for it. Others do not want it. Providing it would probably be prohibitively expensive for most governments. Therefore, it is good that many young people prefer to do work as car mechanics, builders, etc. Many people, especially parents with high hopes for their children, consider higher education to be better than these kinds of jobs, often because they imagine that the pay is lower. However, in Britain, this is often not the case.

A shortage of people with these kinds of skills carpentry, plumbing, construction, electrical wiring has actually resulted in some of these workers being better paid than those who attended university. The simple fact is that society needs both kinds of people, so young people — perhaps with advice from their parents, friends and teachers — should decide for themselves what it is they want to do with their working lives. Doing a job you are happy with is often better than doing one just because it pays more or is more prestigious. Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to all students.

Others believe that higher education should be available only to good students. Discuss both these views and say which view you agree with. I think only a limited number of good students should be permitted to go to university and shall explain why in this essay. I believe only good students should be able to go to university because the amount of money available for higher education is limited. This means there needs to be a way of deciding which people can study and which cannot. In education, it seems logical that the fairest method is through educational qualifications gained at secondary school and intellectual ability.

Some people think the deciding factor should be ability to pay, but I believe this leads to a lack of social mobility, whereby people from less privileged backgrounds are able to get into better social positions by virtue of their abilities rather than the wealth of their families. However, I think it would be acceptable for people to pay for higher education if they fail to get into it on the basis of their educational qualifications, so long as it is clear that they must attain the required level in order to graduate successfully.

There are many people who think all people who wish to should be allowed to go into higher education. They say it is only fair to allow people to pursue their dreams. If funds were available, this might be acceptable. However, I would say these people should have considered this while studying at secondary level. Also, I think the idea that a country needs a high percentage of people with tertiary education is overstated.

Often, graduates discover there are so many people with tertiary educational qualifications that employers require even higher qualifications as a result. In China, for example, this often means that university graduates do work for which they do not really need a university degree. In conclusion, I am not convinced everyone should be allowed to enter into higher education.

I think it should depend on their abilities, though some who do not qualify should be allowed to pay to go to college or university too. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Grades marks encourage students to learn. In my opinion, grades usually encourage students to learn, but I do not believe that this is universally true. I shall explain why in this essay. However, I think that refraining from giving grades because of this is a mistake.

If students are so easily discouraged, then I think that they are going to have some very serious problems later in their lives, when they are working for example. These students, in my opinion, should learn early in their lives that negative things are bound to happen in life and that they need to be able to deal with them. I am sure that most teachers do not give students low or lower grades simply because they are heartless.

I think that teachers generally give the grades that they think students deserve. In tests where there are clear answers, the grades are clear — based on the number of correct answers. Teachers give grades to show students what they have done well and where they need to improve. Therefore, if the grades are explained, students can use them to learn and to improve.

I think that grades have another important function. This is that they allow comparisons between different groups of students, e.

This is especially useful for universities, which need to distinguish between candidates of various abilities from many different schools. For students applying to university, grades can encourage them to study harder if it seems that their grades are not up to the required standard.

To summarise, I believe that grades are useful to most students — and to others — and encourage most students to learn harder, better and more efficiently. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for students to study history and literature than it is for them to study science and mathematics. I disagree with the statement that it is more important for students to study history and literature than science and math and shall explain why in this essay.

I think that it is good for students to study history and literature and other humanities. These subjects can teach us a lot of useful things. History can tell us how our modern society came to be and it seems that many historical events are of a similar nature, which leads to the possibility that we can learn from these events and not make the same mistakes in the future.

Literature not only provides us with hours of reading pleasure, but authors often make us think about society and our place in it e. However, I think that subjects such as math and science are more important. In the modern world, so much of the fabric of our society depends on science and math — through the use of items such as computers and mobile telephones — that a society that falls behind in these areas is one that is unlikely to be able to develop a high standard of living for most of its citizens.

Just a quick look at the countries that are rich and poor illustrates this situation clearly. Technology will likely play such a great part in the future that society needs to invest in this future by educating students in these areas now. To summarise, I think that students should still learn about history, literature and similar subjects, but that the study of science and math and computing should take precedence.

Many teachers assign homework to students every school day. Do you think that this is necessary for students? In this essay I will explain why I think that teachers should assign homework to students every school day. The main reason why I agree with giving homework is that very few students are able to fully comprehend the material taught to them in class first time.

Therefore they need to review what they have learnt in lessons at school.

They could do this at school — the next day perhaps — but I think that this would take too much time away from studying new material. Therefore the best thing is for students to review the classes as part of their homework. Another reason why I believe that giving homework is a good idea is that the school day is often quite short. This means that students have a lot of time outside school. Very often, homework provides something useful for students to do during this time, instead of doing less worthwhile things such as playing computer games or sitting around chatting with friends.

There is plenty of time for these activities when the homework is done. Furthermore, homework can be a useful indicator for the teacher as to whether the students have understood the material taught in class. If students have got part of the homework wrong in some way, the teacher can address this in a subsequent class As a result, homework forms an integral part of the whole teaching process. Some people argue that students get too much homework.

This may be true in some cases and I disagree with making students do too much. They deserve some time away from their studies. Giving students hours and hours of homework each day can result in students becoming fed up with it whilst a moderate amount can encourage rather than dissuade. To conclude, I think that teachers should give homework each school day, but not too much. Some high schools require all students to wear school uniforms. Other high schools permit students to decide what to wear to school.

Which of these two school policies do you think is better? I think that high schools should make students wear school uniforms rather than letting students decide what they wear to school. I will give my reasons in this essay. First of all, many parents and high school students nowadays seem to think that they are involved in a competition with regard to clothing and style. If one high school student wears something new and trendy, it is virtually guaranteed that many other students will notice this and want the same thing.

With school uniforms, this problem is solved — at least for the duration of school hours. Many people point out that providing school uniforms can be expensive, but I think that school uniforms — which are not generally the hottest fashion items — are often less expensive than the latest fashionable clothing, so school uniforms may actually work out cheaper for parents, as well as avoiding fashion competitions among classmates.

A third reason why I think school uniforms are better is that they create an identity for the school and the students who go there. The uniform is a sign that the students belong to a particular group. Some people are against school uniforms because they think that it takes away the individuality of the students. This may be true to a limited extent, but a visit to any school will surely show that there a wide variety of student types, regardless of the uniform.

The uniform takes away the individuality with regard to clothing, not with regard to personality, interests or academic ability. To conclude, I am in favour of school uniforms for high school students. In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Do you think this is a good idea? I think that it is a good idea for teenagers to have jobs while they are still students and shall explain why in this essay. First of all, having a part-time job can be very useful financially.

Particularly with the current global economic problems affecting families, it is beneficial if parents do not have to provide so much financial support to their teenage children who are in education. I am not suggesting that these teenage children need to start paying household bills and mortgages for their parents, but they can use their earnings to buy some of their clothes or to pay for entertainment. Alternatively, they might save the money and use it later when they are studying at university instead of relying on their parents for financial support. Secondly, having a part-time job is an excellent way to prepare teenage students for their future working lives.

Many part-time jobs may not seem to be particularly relevant to the kind of jobs that teenage students hope to do later in life. For example, a teenager planning to become a doctor may not think that stacking shelves in a supermarket is relevant to medicine, but part-time work of any kind instils a work ethic in young people and provides them with the opportunity to develop people skills. Some people are concerned that if teenage students work part-time their studies will suffer. This seems to be based on the idea that the only route to academic success and success in life generally is by spending long hours studying and revising.

I have never seen any evidence that this is true. Obviously, studies should take priority over part-time work, but I think that there are numerous opportunities for teenage students to work at weekends and during holidays without damaging their academic progress. In conclusion, I am firmly convinced that students should work part time if they want to and have the chance to do so. Of course, this must not interfere with their studies by taking up too much of their time.

Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with? In this essay I shall look at whether university students should be required to attend classes or whether they should be free just to attend those that they wish to. One reason that university students should be required to attend classes is that the classes are important for their studies. Lectures provide an opportunity to listen to professors with expertise on particular subjects impart their knowledge, research and experience.

Seminars give students the chance to present their own ideas and research and discuss subjects with tutors and fellow students. Some people think that — particularly with the availability of information on the Internet — there is no real need for students to attend lectures and seminars. I agree to a great extent in the case of lectures. These could be posted on university websites for students to watch.

However, I am not so convinced in the case of seminars where there is group discussion rather than listening to a single speaker. Universities seem to recognise this, with the vast majority of online courses still requiring some attendance. Another reason why students should be required to attend is that demand for university places is competitive. In other words, a student that gets into a university has done so at the expense of another student who failed to get a place.

If the successful student then decides not to attend classes, this means that another student could have had that opportunity instead. In effect, the chance to study is being doubly wasted. However, since attendance can only be measured after the students have been selected, it becomes difficult to avoid this problem.

If a student is removed from a course for poor attendance, replacing the student might prove impossible, particularly if the course has been running for a long while.

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On the other hand, it would be relatively simple to enforce an attendance requirement if it was linked to scholarships or other funding. If they could continue to pay for themselves, that would be their choice. Students at universities often have a choice of places to live. They may choose to live in university dormitories, or they may choose to live in apartments in the community.

Compare the advantages of living in university housing with the advantages of living in an apartment in the community and say where you would prefer to live. When I was a university student, I lived in both a university dormitory and in private accommodation. Here I will outline some of the advantages and disadvantages of both types of accommodation.

University accommodation usually has the advantage of being convenient for getting to different places on the university campus. This is wonderful for getting up a little later in the mornings before lectures and seminars and for getting to and from the various campus facilities, such as libraries, gyms and the Student Union bar.

Living in privately rented accommodation can mean living further from the campus, though this depends a lot on the university. There was lot of private accommodation available very close to my university, but it is not always so conveniently located. However, in my experience, accommodation close to the university campus — or on it — has one distinct disadvantage; visitors.

Another advantage of university accommodation is that, again in my experience, universities tend to be very good landlords. If there are problems with the accommodation — perhaps repairs that need to be carried out — they deal with them relatively quickly and efficiently and often at no extra charge. With private accommodation, this may not be the case, as the landlords are primarily looking to make a profit. Of course, this is not to say that all universities are good landlords and all private ones are bad.

However, I think that it is often better for foreign students, for example, to use university accommodation to avoid any potential problems that could spoil their study abroad experience. To conclude, I think that there is no definitive advantage to either university accommodation or private accommodation. My ideal would be university accommodation a little way from the campus, to avoid possible problems with private landlords and to avoid getting too many visitors. Schools should ask students to evaluate their teachers.

I agree with the idea that students should evaluate their teachers and will outline my reasons in this essay. The first reason I agree with the idea is that it can provide valuable feedback for both the individual teachers and for the school. This information is useful to the teacher in preparing future lessons. In the case of the school, they can use this information in the same way as the teacher, but can also use it to help discover which teachers are better than others. However, I certainly agree with people who oppose the idea on some points.

Some people dislike the idea of teachers being evaluated because they feel that some students might not provide objective opinions. Of course, this can also work the other way, with students praising teachers simply because those teachers give them good marks. Therefore, I think that the school must be careful and look at who is saying what, not only at the evaluations.

There is also the question of the reason for the evaluations. Is the purpose to seek out the most effective teachers in terms of how well they help students to achieve academically or is it to find out who the students like and therefore are prepared to pay for? In my experience, newly-established private schools often care less about quality and more about money. For the reasons given above, I am in favour of student evaluation of teachers, but feel that it needs to be used carefully. The most important factor when choosing a university is the quality of education.

In this essay, I shall explain why I think that the quality of education is very important when choosing a university, but might not be the most important and certainly not the only consideration.

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Obviously, one of the main reasons — and often the main reason — for going to university is to get a good standard of education. The key reason for having universities is so that people can study various aspects of their chosen field. Usually, a person will study a subject for their personal benefit, but indirectly benefit society too. For example, a person might study business and then start their own company, employing people and generally contributing to the economy. However, people may be influenced by other factors. Location is one. Therefore they may choose a university accordingly.

Others might prefer a university in a city or one in a small town. Some students may prefer to go to university in a part of the country they want to experience or where they might be in a better position to find a job after graduation. Another factor could be money. Universities with high standards of education are often able to charge more for tuition. Some students and their families may not have enough funds. There is also the question of living costs — generally higher in large cities like London and Beijing. If a person is studying away from home, there is also the cost of transport for visits home to factor in.

To conclude, I think that there are many factors to consider when choosing a university, of which the quality of education is only one.

English 101 Series: 101 Model Answers for IELTS Writing Task 2 - set 2

Different people will have different priorities, circumstances and opinions. There should be more educational programmes on television and fewer entertainment programmes. In this essay, I shall explain why I think that there should be more educational programmes on television and fewer entertainment programmes, even though I think that this is very unlikely to happen in reality.

First of all, I think that educational programmes are more useful than entertainment ones. Of course, entertainment programmes help us to relax and often make us laugh, so I am not suggesting that all entertainment programmes be removed. However, educational programmes help people to learn about and understand the world around them. Such programmes can help people to learn foreign languages, history, science, and business skills. These can help to make people better qualified for various jobs and perhaps help people to interact better.

Also, television programmes are easily and cheaply accessible to almost all people. You can study at home without a teacher. Secondly, I feel that the quality of many entertainment programmes is really quite low. Very often, these programmes are hosted by, or feature, people of little talent or ability. I think that reducing the number of entertainment programmes on television might lead to an increase in overall television programme quality.

However, I think that a reduction in the number of entertainment programmes is unlikely, because they are often very popular with viewers and therefore with advertisers. Perhaps programme makers will find ways of introducing educational material through entertainment programmes. To summarise, I would love to see more educational programmes on television, but I think that, at a time when television stations are preoccupied with the need for financing, entertainment programmes are likely to dominate. It is much easier to learn in a small class than a large one.

In this essay, I shall explain why I believe that learning in small classes is much easier and more effective than learning in large ones. First of all, in small classes it is much easier for the teacher to focus on the needs of individual students. Different students have different needs, according to their skills and abilities. In a smaller class, the teacher will generally find it easier to assign different tasks — of varying levels of difficulty — to different students and monitor them.

The teacher can also pay more attention to the students that are not so good at accomplishing the tasks on their own, without help or guidance. At the same time, students who do not need or want! Secondly, I think that it is much easier for teachers to maintain good discipline in smaller classes than in larger ones.

Any teacher and many students will tell you that it usually just takes one disruptive student to reduce the effectiveness of the learning process in the classroom. If a teacher is in control of a smaller number of students, the teacher can deal with disruptive behaviour more quickly and efficiently — or even avoid it altogether by giving students individual attention, as outlined in the previous paragraph.

Unfortunately, smaller classes have a key disadvantage which is that they are more expensive — requiring more space and more teachers. In most Western countries, this means that there are around students in a typical secondary school class. In other countries, the number can easily be double that. To summarise, I think that smaller classes make it easier for students to learn, mainly by providing an environment where teachers find it easier and more effective to teach.

However, smaller classes are not always financially viable. Many young people find their first days at school difficult. What difficulties could they face and what could schools do to make them feel more comfortable? In this essay, I will look at the difficulties young people might face during their first days at school and at how schools could help them. The first problem that young students might face is one of orientation. They arrive at a new school and simply find it hard to make their way around, possibly leading to frustration. Schools can help reduce this problem by ensuring that key locations e.

They could also provide students with a map of the school, with all the buildings perhaps even certain classrooms labelled. They could give students a personalised list of classrooms that they will be using together with directions on how to get to them. A second problem that students often face is that they do not know many people at the school. The schools could help them by holding introductory classes — perhaps before the actual start of the academic year — where students meet each other and their teachers. Schools could combine this with various activities clubs, sports, picnics, barbecues where students and teachers can get to know each other.

Universities in Britain usually hold an exhibition of their various clubs at the beginning of the academic year, in order to attract new students as members. Perhaps schools could follow this example. To sum up, I think that schools need to make students feel comfortable during their first few days and that simple measures designed to make students feel that they belong and are part of a community can help to reduce any nervousness that students might feel.

Many people nowadays live in societies where consumer goods are relatively cheap. Do you think the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages? I think that the availability of relatively cheap consumer goods is generally a good thing, but there are certainly disadvantages. I shall outline the positive and negative points in this essay. The main advantage is that relatively cheap consumer goods provide a boost to the economy. If the goods are produced in one country and purchased in another, both economies benefit from increased employment and tax revenues for the governments.

Another advantage is that people are able to use these consumer items to lead the lifestyles they prefer, develop their personal interests and communicate with others — both for business and for pleasure. There is an argument that some people rely on these consumer goods too much, which can create problems if the items cannot be used because they or the systems they use break down.

Despite the advantages outlined above, there is one clear problem with the increased use of relatively cheap consumer goods and that is that they require energy and resources to produce and to use. The resources may, like metals, need to come from the ground. Production may result in pollution. The energy required is usually generated from fossil fuels which add to the environmental cost. Therefore, I think that businesses and governments should constantly be vigilant for ways of reducing the environmental impact of producing all these consumer goods and should invest more in alternative energy.

Individuals can also help, first of all by asking if they really need the consumer items that are told they should buy. To conclude, there are clearly problems with the fact that many people live in countries where consumer goods are relatively cheap, but I still think that the advantages outweigh them. Advertising is unnecessary and simply a form of entertainment. I disagree with the suggestion that advertising is simply a form of entertainment. I think that advertising has various functions which I shall outline in this essay.

I think that the primary function of advertising is to raise sales of products and services. We can see this in the way that products and services are advertised. Most advertisements make general claims about products that usually rely on opinion rather than factual information. Other advertisements, particularly those paid for by public bodies, are more informative in nature, advising people on services that they can use by providing more factual information. Of course, in cases of commercial advertising and in the case of public service ads, many advertisers will try to make their ads entertaining, so as to make their products and services memorable.

They might do this by using cute animals or babies. Another popular method is to show the product or service helping people to achieve something, for example a happy family environment or meeting a beautiful girl or handsome young man. To conclude, I think that it is too simplistic to say that advertising is simply a form of entertainment. Whilst many ads do try to entertain, the main aim is something else. Nowadays, many people throw out damaged things and buy new ones whereas people in the past would usually repair them.

Why does this happen and what problems might this lead to? In this essay, I shall look at the reasons why people tend to throw out damaged items and buy new ones rather than repairing them as many people did in the past. Then I shall briefly examine the problems that this might result in. I think that there are three main reasons why people throw things away instead of repairing them or having them repaired. Sometimes, having them repaired is even more expensive than buying new ones. In this situation, buying new items makes financial sense. Secondly, people may not have the skills required to repair things.

In the past, these skills may have been passed on from generation to generation, but somewhere this did not happen and many people now lack them. Also, some more modern items are not that easy to repair for most people. Thirdly, when certain items break, people do not bother to have them repaired because they decide to buy a newer item instead. This most often happens with fashion items such as clothes and items that are superseded technologically for example mobile phones. This can result in certain problems.

First of all, it might not be good for the environment if the used items are not disposed of carefully. Many, perhaps even most, items can be recycled and it is a positive sign that the recycling industry is growing. Clothes can be recycled and there are also companies that recycle electronic items like computers and mobile phones. The second problem may be that skills used for repairing things may not be taught and could be lost.

Some people might not consider this to be a problem, but I think that, since we cannot be sure what will happen in the future, we should try to keep these skills alive. To summarise, I think that there are a few different reasons why people throw items away instead of repairing them and this could be a problem in the future if we do not deal with it carefully.

It has been suggested that everyone in the world wants to own a car, a TV and a fridge. Do you think the disadvantages of such a development would outweigh the advantages? I think that the disadvantages of everyone in the world owning a car, a TV and a fridge are greater than the advantages, and shall explain why in this essay.

Many people think that if people all over the world had these consumer goods, which many people in developed countries take fro granted, the world would be a better place. They suggest that people would be happier and that, as people would be more equal, there would be less conflict between different countries and groups of people.

I agree with this point, but I think that there is one problem which outweighs this advantage. The problem is one of resources. First of all, it would take a lot of metal, plastic and other materials to make all these consumer items, even if we just have one per household. Then there is the energy required not only to produce these items, but also to run them.

In many countries, there are black-outs even now, when countries are not using much electricity. There are many concerns already about how much pollution is caused by power generation and by vehicles. Given that most of the world does not have these items now, it would probably take triple the amount of energy and fuel being used at the moment to provide everyone with these things. This is completely unrealistic. It is claimed that we could use alternative forms of energy to meet these demands, but this will require massive production of these new technologies.

This will require so many materials that the demand could not be met — at least with existing technology. Also, once people have these items, they are unlikely to be satisfied. Then we will need even greater amounts of materials to satisfy their new demands. To conclude, I think that providing these consumer goods to all the people in the world has far greater disadvantages than advantages, at least with our current resources and technology.

Businesses should do anything they can to make a profit. I disagree with the suggestion that businesses should do anything they can to make a profit and shall give my reasons here. I think that one thing a business should not do in order to make a profit is lie, notably through the use of false advertising. If businesses lie about their products or services, then consumers will be cheated. In such a situation, consumers will quickly lose regard for all kinds of businesses — even honest ones — and be less likely to make purchases.

This will have a negative effect on the whole economy. Another thing that businesses should not do to make a profit is break laws about who they can employ and under what conditions. For example, businesses should employ people on the basis of their abilities rather than their race or religion and should not employ children other than in easy part time work.

Children should attend school and enjoy their free time activities rather than being made to work long hours. In the long term, the education of children will have many positive benefits for society, such as providing a better educated workforce, able to use technology and innovate in the future. Similarly, if businesses obey laws that limit the number of hours their employees can work, they are more likely to have a satisfied, properly rested workforce.

In summary, I think that there are certain things that businesses should not do in order to make a profit. We all work or will work in jobs with many different kinds of people. In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a co-worker? I think that there are many important characteristics of co-workers and will outline a few of the key ones below. First of all, I think that co-workers need to be honest with each other, as well as with other people they come into contact with in the course of their work. If co-workers are honest with each other, this means that they can trust each other to work together as a team to get jobs done efficiently.

If there are problems with aspects of the work, then co- workers need to know that they can point out these problems and get support for resolving them. Secondly, I think that co-workers should be able to get on well with a variety of people. As the rubric points out, we work with many different kinds of people and the ability to deal with them is a key one. This may involve being able to communicate with people in different ways, perhaps through use of different language or by having different methods for interacting with various people. Thirdly, I think that a co-worker needs to be diligent.

I mean that they should be able to work efficiently to get a lot of work done without many problems and mistakes. This requires the ability to concentrate on work and not to succumb to the many distractions around us. To summarise, though there are many to choose from, I think that the three most important characteristics of a co-worker are honesty, the ability to get on with others and diligence.

In my experience, workers with these attributes are successful with co-workers and with clients and other people. Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways, or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation buses, trains, subways? In this essay, I shall explain why I believe that governments should spend more money on improving public transportation than on improving roads and highways.

The first point I would like to make is that, for me, this is a question of where most money should be spent — not where all the money should go. Of course, some money needs to be spent on improving roads and highways. As roads are used, particularly in areas of heavy traffic or where heavy vehicles use them, they deteriorate and require repairs.

Also, particularly because of population growth, more roads are required over time to cater for the needs of the people and the economy. However, I think that more money should go towards improving public transport. One reason is that I think people should be encouraged to use public transport more so as to reduce pollution. In addition, fewer vehicles on the roads would mean fewer traffic jams. This would benefit individuals and businesses as people would need to allocate less time to travelling and there would probably be fewer cases of lateness.

Those are the two most common reasons given for improving public transport, but I think there are others. Less traffic would also probably lead to fewer traffic accidents, with fewer people being killed and injured. Aside from the human cost, there would be reduced medical costs. Improved public transport would also make it easier for people to live in places where the public transport was previously not so good — particularly rural areas. Better public transport might even persuade some people to give up their cars entirely. In summary, I think that there are many good reasons for spending more on improving public transport rather than spending more on improving roads.

Almost all countries allow foreign businesses to operate in their territories. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this? In this essay, I will look at some of the main advantages and disadvantages of allowing foreign businesses to operate in a country. In my opinion, there are three key advantages of allowing foreign businesses into a country.

The first is that these businesses often provide new products and services that local businesses either cannot or do not supply. This is particularly true in hi-tech areas. The second key advantage is that these foreign businesses provide employment and training for many millions of people. Both of these advantages can clearly be seen in fast developing countries like China. Whilst most people would accept the two advantages mentioned above, my third suggestion is deemed to be a disadvantage by many. Allowing foreign businesses into a country means allowing those companies to compete with local ones.

In many cases, foreign companies have financial and organisational advantages that give them a significant edge over local ones. I consider this to be an advantage because it means that local companies need to improve quickly in order to remain competitive. However, others say that it is problematic because it could lead to foreign businesses dominating the local market. Many people and governments are concerned about what might happen if the foreign businesses are influenced by foreign governments or individuals.

In summary, I think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages, but I can see that there may be certain areas where governments might not allow foreign businesses to operate. However, in this situation, they forego many opportunities as the price. Housing is a problem in many countries. What could be done to reduce this problem? Basically, I think that there are two possible approaches to this problem — reduce demand or increase supply.

I will briefly look at both possible approaches in this essay. Reducing demand for housing is likely to run into major difficulties. People nowadays want more spacious homes and changing lifestyles often mean that people live on their own or in much smaller family units than in the past. This is particularly true in wealthier city areas. Fifty years ago in Beijing, it was very common for people to live with three generations under one roof, but now it is commonplace for people to live alone or with just one or two others. Reducing demand would really mean reducing the population or requiring people to have many people living in each home and this is simply not happening in many places around the world.

Therefore, the alternative is to look at supply. This means building more homes. The main problem here is the availability of land. Construction of housing projects means that there is less land for other uses, such as agriculture or for wild animals and plants. A lack of land will generally mean higher prices. One major reason for higher housing costs in Britain than in the United States is population density.

For this reason, many housing projects involve building blocks of flats rather than houses, as these require less land. Many countries want to attract foreign investment. How could they do this? In this short essay, I shall take a look at few ways in which countries could attract foreign investment using successful examples provided by other countries experiences.

First of all, businesspeople prefer to operate in economies where the legal situation is clear. This not only refers to basic criminal laws, but also to accounting and taxation rules and clarity regarding rules for setting up commercial enterprises. So, one thing a country needs to do is to make sure that its laws are clear and clearly enforced.

Another thing that many countries have done, and are doing, is set up special economic areas where taxes are lower and where regulation is less strict than in other parts of the country. It can also be useful for the government, as they can learn about dealing with foreign businesspeople. This is what China did in the s in Shenzhen and later in other areas. A third, but much more difficult thing, that countries can do is to improve their education systems.

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At the most basic, modern companies require workers who are literate and have a basic education. In addition, a large group of university educated people is very desirable. Obviously, this benefits the country at least as much as it benefits the foreign companies. To summarise, there are many ways that countries can attract foreign investment, of which these are just three. I think a key point is that these things are ultimately good not only for the foreign enterprises, but also for the host country.

Using the Internet is the best way for a company to grow. I agree with the suggestion that the Internet is the best way for a company to grow and will explain why in this short essay. First of all, the Internet has become one of the key ways in which people seek information. Therefore, companies should have a website in order to tell potential customers about their products and services. They can do this by having pictures of products or employees, by giving potential customers specifications of their products, by posting videos showing people how to make the best use of their products, and by having reviews of their products and services by customers.

Secondly, the Internet offers a fast and convenient way for people to buy products and services. They can buy products directly from the website and some services can be accessed directly on the Internet, for example by downloading. This means that customers do not have to leave their homes or offices to get what they want.

They can have products delivered within a short time to their homes and offices. So these are the advantages of using the power of the Internet to grow a company, but are they greater than the advantages offered by other media? Some media are very expensive, notably television, though it does reach a large segment of the population. Other companies might need to reach a specialist audience, so they may find magazines devoted to particular fields to be more beneficial. To summarise, I think that using the Internet is generally the best way for a company to grow. However, it is not the only way and might not be the best way in every case.

Building underground transport systems subways is the best way to deal with traffic problems in cities. Do you agree or disagree? In this essay, I shall explain how I think that traffic problems should best be dealt with and say why I do not agree that the construction of subway systems is the best way forward.