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WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Spiritual. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. The name is similar in the Romance Languages. Slavic languages implicitly number Monday as day number one, not two. Monday is "It-Tnejn" meaning "two". Saturday is Shabat coming from the word Sabbath or Shabbath in Hebrew, and "Kiraki" coming from the word "Krak" meaning "fire" is Sunday, "Krak" describing the sun by fire. However, in many European countries calendars almost always show Monday as the first day of the week,  which follows the ISO standard.
In the Persian calendar , Sunday is the second day of the week.
However, it is called "number one" as counting starts from zero; the first day - Saturday - is denoted as In Roman culture, Sunday was the day of the Sun god. In paganism, the Sun was a source of life, giving warmth and illumination to mankind. It was the center of a popular cult among Romans, who would stand at dawn to catch the first rays of sunshine as they prayed. The opportunity to spot in the nature-worship of their heathen neighbors a symbolism valid to their own faith was not lost on the Christians. One of the Church fathers, St. Jerome , would declare: "If pagans call [the Lord's Day] [ A similar consideration may have influenced the choice of the Christmas date on the day of the winter solstice, whose celebration was part of the Roman cult of the Sun.
Much later, St. Francis would sing in his famous canticle : "Be praised, my Lord, through all your creatures, especially through my lord Brother Sun, who brings the day; and you give light through him. And he is beautiful and radiant in all his splendor! Of you, Most High, he bears the likeness. The ancient Romans traditionally used the eight-day nundinal cycle , a market week, but in the time of Augustus in the 1st century AD, a seven-day week also came into use.
Justin Martyr , in the mid 2nd century , mentions "memoirs of the apostles" as being read on "the day called that of the sun" Sunday alongside the "writings of the prophets. On the venerable Day of the Sun let the magistrates and people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed.
In the country, however, persons engaged in agriculture may freely and lawfully continue their pursuits; because it often happens that another day is not so suitable for grain-sowing or vine-planting; lest by neglecting the proper moment for such operations the bounty of heaven should be lost. Despite the official adoption of Sunday as a day of rest by Constantine, the seven-day week and the nundial cycle continued to be used side-by-side until at least the Calendar of and probably later.
It also indicates that Jews were observing the Sabbath on the Saturday. Some Christian denominations, called " Sabbatarians ", observe a Saturday Sabbath. The name "Sabbatarian" has also been claimed by Christians, especially Protestants, who believe Sunday must be observed with just the sort of rigorous abstinence from work associated with " Shabbat ".
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Christians in the Seventh-day Adventist , Seventh Day Baptist , and Church of God Seventh-Day denominations, as well as many Messianic Jews , have maintained the practice of abstaining from work and gathering for worship on Saturdays sunset to sunset as did all of the followers of God in the Bible. For most Christians the custom and obligation of Sunday rest is not as strict.
A minority of Christians do not regard the day they attend church as important, so long as they attend. There is considerable variation in the observance of Sabbath rituals and restrictions, but some cessation of normal weekday activities is customary. Many Christians today observe Sunday as a day of church-attendance.
In Roman Catholic liturgy, Sunday begins on Saturday evening. The evening Mass on Saturday is liturgically a full Sunday Mass and fulfills the obligation of Sunday Mass attendance, and Vespers evening prayer on Saturday night is liturgically "first Vespers" of the Sunday. The same evening anticipation applies to other major solemnities and feasts, and is an echo of the Jewish practice of starting the new day at sunset. Those who work in the medical field, in law enforcement, and soldiers in a war zone are dispensed from the usual obligation to attend Church on Sunday.
They are encouraged to combine their work with attending religious services if possible. During this time, the dismissal at all services begin with the words, "May Christ our True God, who rose from the dead Among Orthodox Christians, Sunday is considered to be a "Little Pascha " Easter , and because of the Paschal joy, the making of prostrations is forbidden, except in certain circumstances.
Leviticus Feast days often fell on different days of the week like our birthday because they occurred on the same date each year. For example, the Passover not only reminded the Jews of deliverance from Egypt, but it also pointed forward to a time when the Passover Lamb — Jesus Christ — would die, so all people could be delivered from the bondage of sin! The permanence of the Law of God verses the law of Moses can be seen in several ways. The law of Moses ceremonial or lesser law was given by God to be written by Moses man and kept in a pocket on the side of the ark.
See Deuteronomy ,2; One law was permanent, the other was temporary. What about Romans 14? Some Christians use Romans 14 to prove it does not matter which day of the week we use to worship God. The man who eats everything must not look down on him who does not, and the man who does not eat everything must not condemn the man who does, for God has accepted him. Who are you to judge someone else's servant? To his own master he stands or falls.
And he will stand, for the Lord is able to make him stand. One man considers one day more sacred than another; another man considers every day alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. He who regards one day as special, does so to the Lord. He who eats meat, eats to the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who abstains, does so to the Lord and gives thanks to God.
For none of us lives to himself alone and none of us dies to himself alone. If we live, we live to the Lord; and if we die, we die to the Lord. So, whether we live or die, we belong to the Lord. For this very reason, Christ died and returned to life so that he might be the Lord of both the dead and the living. You, then, why do you judge your brother? Or why do you look down on your brother? The context of these verses does not imply that we can worship God whenever we feel like it.
No, this text is addressing a specific problem that early Christians had to deal with, namely, the religious customs of the Jews. In other words, if a new believer in Jesus felt he needed to observe Passover, Paul did not condemn the new believer except to say that his faith was weak.
Is Sunday Really Sacred?
Also, if the new believer could not consciously eat meat purchased in the market place, for fear it had not been killed correctly or that it had been offered before idols, Paul said to leave these people alone! The Jews would not purchase nor eat meat unless it was killed according to Mosaic code. Leviticus But, Pentecost has always fallen on Sunday — ever since the Exodus. The Wave Sheaf offering was always made on the first Sunday after Passover, and Pentecost followed 50 days later counting inclusively , always occurring on a Sunday.
Leviticus 23 So, if the annual Pentecost feast occurred on Sunday for more than a millennium before Jesus was on Earth, how does this make the fourth commandment void? Last, some clerics claim that nine of the Ten Commandments are mentioned in the New Testament, but the fourth commandment is missing. This statement is not true. In fact, the absence of any argument from the Jews or Jewish converts indicates the assumption by New Testament writers that the Sabbath remained intact without question especially when one considers the abundance of controversy over the issue of circumcision or eating meat offered to idols.
As you might expect of a legalistic society, the Jews loved to argue about their laws. An expert lawyer even challenged Jesus with a test to see which law was the greatest! Matthew Paul claimed that the laws of Moses had expired and this was more than the Jews could tolerate! Paul was captured and eventually beheaded for his convictions. Paul is very explicit in Colossians 2 and Ephesians 2 that the laws nailed to the cross were shadows of the real thing and these laws, that governed the constitution of Israel, came to an end at the cross.
Now, in Christ there is neither Jew nor Gentile. The ceremonial laws requiring the observance of new moons, sabbath feasts and the sacrifice of lambs have become unnecessary because the Lamb of God has died, removing the shadow over salvation and making it visible to all. In other words, ceremonial laws were temporary until their meaning was fulfilled. How could he get the Jews to understand the true meaning of the ceremonial laws and cease doing something they had been doing for nearly 1, years?
We have the same problem today. How can a whole nation change from Sunday observance to Saturday observance? Paul makes it equally clear that obeying the Ten Commandments cannot produce salvation either, because salvation comes only by faith! The problem today is that most Christians think that faith and grace make the moral law unnecessary. Neither does living together make two people married. The relationship between love and obedience is simple. God grants salvation to everyone who becomes willing to do His will. He does not grant salvation to us on our ability to do His will.
We demonstrate our willingness by receiving strength from God to do what He wants. Paul understood this process. See Romans 7. In fact, all through his life, Paul faithfully observed the seventh-day Sabbath. See Acts ; ; ; , Even more, Jesus Himself pointed out that the seventh-day Sabbath would remain sacred many years after His ascension! See Matthew If we take the position that Jesus nailed the fourth commandment to the cross, then we must conclude that He nailed the nine others, too.
Whatever we do with the fourth commandment, we must also do with the other nine. The Ten Commandments are non-negotiable. They stand as one unit representing the revealed will of God. The Ten Commandments were written on two tables of stone because they are based on two enduring principles — love for God and love for man. The first four commandments explain how we are to love God.
The last six commandments explain how we are to love our neighbor. Then, realizing our great weakness, placing our faith in Jesus so that we can fulfill His law through His indwelling power. Paul knew all the Ten Commandments were intact. Is the law sin? Certainly not! Indeed I would not have known what sin was except through the law.
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But if you show favoritism, you sin and are convicted by the law as lawbreakers. For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it. He says we must obey all the commandments. We must first love God with all our heart, mind and soul and then, our neighbor as ourselves. How should we express our love for God? Keeping the Sabbath holy will not save anyone.
Mandating Saturday laws will not save anyone either! This is why the final exam for the human race is carefully designed to test our relationship with Jesus. The basis for salvation is faith. Faith is doing what God requires at any cost. Since eternal life comes only through faith, and since every means of human survival will be removed in the future, you and I will need great faith in God in order to remain loyal to Him! If it seems hard to obey God now, what will it be like then?
This is not a matter left to human design. For example, suppose you came to Earth on a spaceship and you met three religious leaders. The first leader was a Moslem, the second, a Jew and the last, a Christian. Each religious system also declares that the other two religious systems are false and yet, they unwittingly confirm a truth. Their diversity confirms that the weekly cycle remains intact. In other words, each religious system worships on unique days that are adjacent to each other.
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The Israelites have formally worshiped on the seventh day since the Exodus in B. If the weekly cycle had been altered in any way, these holy days of worship would not be adjacent to each other! Who made the change and when did it occur? Material documenting first century Christianity is meager and imperfect. The best records for this period are known as the writings of the Apostolic Fathers.