Il lavoro era stato originariamente composto nel , ma fu completamente rivisto in un oratorio completo nel Poco si sa di questa prima versione di Ester. Come Aci e Galatea , Esther potrebbe essere stato messo in scena o in forma semi-scenica, con i solisti che cantano insieme per creare un coro quando richiesto.
Ester, un'orfana ebrea, viveva con un suo familiare Mordecai, un consigliere di re Ahaseurus Assuero di Persia. Mordecai aveva scoperto e impedito un complotto per assassinare il re. Ahaseurus, dopo aver respinto la sua moglie precedente, aveva scelto Ester come sua sposa. La prima versione di "Esther" si apre con Haman che decide di ordinare lo sterminio di tutti gli ebrei in tutto l'impero persiano, come rappresaglia per l'insulto di Mordecai contro di lui.
Lei decide di assumersi questo rischio in ogni caso e va dal Re, che perdona la sua violazione del protocollo, avvicinandosi a lui senza invito ed concede che lei faccia la sua petizione. Esther richiede solo che il re e Haman siano presenti ad un banchetto, ospitati solo da lei. Alla cena, Ester ricorda al Re che Mordecai aveva gli aveva salvato la vita e rivela la sua origine ebraica. Gli ebrei rendono grazie a Dio per la loro liberazione. Il lavoro si conclude con un movimento corale lungo e grandioso. All'epoca non esisteva nessun sistema di diritti d'autore o copyright ed essendo stata ottenuta una copia della partitura di Esther , fu eseguita la versione , pare in una versione teatrale, dai ragazzi cantori della Cappella Reale alla taverna Crown e Anchor, un locale popolare per la musica, ed ebbe molto successo.
Le locandine anche dichiaravano "N. Sei stato al oratorio? Dice uno. James Murray racconta come un aneddoto della prima esecuzione del che i cantanti stranieri alteravano il testo, l'aria che dice "Vengo mia regina a caste delizie" si ascoltava come se dicesse "Mi pettino mia regina per cacciare i pidocchi", secondo il racconto di un contemporaneo. In parallelo la Commissione ha proposto una direttiva sulla sicurezza delle reti e dell'informazione nell'Unione per garantire l'armonioso funzionamento del mercato interno. Indeed, they were unable to prevent and combat the attack mounted in March this year by a group of computer hackers against the anti-spam organisation, Spamhaus, which caused substantial delays on the Internet, especially in Great Britain and in Germany, but also in other EU Member States.
What urgent measures does the Commission intend to implement, given that these cyber-attacks, such as the above attack which reached Gbps of traffic, are becoming increasingly large-scale, without adequate protection being put in place against direct attacks, thereby also jeopardising e-commerce sites which normally benefit from very powerful infrastructure? It presents concrete policy actions to ensure a safe and resilient digital environment and step up the fight against cybercrime, while respecting and promoting fundamental rights and EU core values.
The strategy explores synergies among prevention and resilience, law enforcement, international cooperation and cyber defence.
Richiesti e respinti : l'immigrazione in Italia : come e perché (Book, ) [ynykyvykeb.tk]
The proposal aims to strenghten national preparedness; reinforce EU-level cooperation; and impose network and information security obligations on market operators which are critical for the economy and society and public administrations. This will ensure better prevention and response to attacks as well as to incidents caused by outages, human mistakes, or natural events.
Oggetto: Intervento dell'UE a tutela della salute dei consumatori europei. Quali azioni intende intraprendere la Commissione a difesa della salute dei consumatori, in particolare nei settori del controllo e della prevenzione? La Commissione ha inoltre avviato un'opera di revisione delle prescrizioni contenute nel regolamento CE n. The worrying increase in deaths is attributable to the lethal bacterium, Escherichia Coli , which in , resulted in dozens of deaths in Germany before spreading to France and a dozen Central European countries. What action does the Commission intend to take to protect consumer health, in particular in terms of control and prevention?
The increase of human cases and deaths observed in compared to in outbreaks can largely be attributed to:. A water-borne outbreak in Sweden involving 20 people, caused by cryptosporidium low pathogenicity ;. The document refers to actions taken to ensure that similar outbreaks are avoided or at least limited as regards the public health and economic impact. EFSA have been requested to provide scientific advice on risks posed by food of non-animal origin. Oggetto: Possibili violazioni della normativa comunitaria di settore nella vicenda del grave inquinamento da mercurio di una profonda falda acquifera in provincia di Treviso.
Private wells from which citizens drew drinking water, together with two wells in the public network, were rendered unusable by this dangerous contamination. Now that the above report has been published, does the Commission intend to launch an inquiry into the matter to determine whether the authorities concerned have violated any EU legislation in this sector?
Does it not believe it appropriate to examine the reasons why more adequate funding was not granted to ARPAV, given the importance of identifying as soon as possible the origin of the pollution in order to resolve the environmental emergency and to apply the. The authorities expect that further monitoring may allow tracing the source of pollution in the future. The Commission is not in a position to assess whether additional funding would allow tracing the source of pollution in a short time nor to question the level of funding allocated so far.
Om de bedreigde Vauxhall-fabriek van Ellesmore Port in Wales te redden hebben de Britse regering, Unite vakbond en het management van Vauxhall een akkoord uitgewerkt. Dit heeft uiteraard een grote impact op toeleveranciers die actief zijn in andere lidstaten, aangezien de toeleveringscontracten met deze bedrijven worden stopgezet. Hoe beoordeelt de Commissie deze situatie in het licht van de regels over staatssteun? De Commissie is niet op de hoogte gesteld van steun met betrekking tot de subsidie die de regering van het Verenigd Koninkrijk aan Vauxhall zou hebben gegeven.
Bijgevolg kan zij geen standpunt innemen over de verenigbaarheid ervan met de regels inzake staatssteun. De Commissie zal de autoriteiten van het Verenigd Koninkrijk om meer informatie vragen. Een dergelijke voorwaarde is in strijd met de regels van de interne markt en de regels inzake staatssteun. This has a major impact, naturally, on subcontractors operating in other Member States, given that the supply contracts with these companies are being terminated.
How does the Commission view this situation in the light of the rules on state aid? The Commission has not been notified of any aid in relation to the subsidy allegedly given by the UK Government to Vauxhall. Therefore it is not able to take a view on its compliance with the state aid rules. The Commission will ask the UK authorities for information. Such a condition would create a breach of internal market and state aid rules. Activities that threaten the conservation of wild birds have been allowed to take place in an area known as the Paraje de la Herradura, which is a Special Protection Area for birds.
This means that it should be protected under the Birds Directive. According to various local media reports, these hectares were ploughed, facilities were built and water abstracted without an environmental impact statement or any prior notice whatsoever. It has emerged that the owner of the farm concerned was the former mayor of Caspe, who appears to have established his farming operation taking no account of the protected status of the area of land he wished to cultivate.
The former mayor ignored the warnings given by the Environmental Protection Agency and agricultural experts and went ahead with the construction of buildings without a permit, extracting aggregates and making all kinds of aggressive changes to the environment, causing incalculable harm to the environment and the plant and animal species that are contained within it.
The relevant authorities must act as swiftly as possible to avoid this kind of environmental damage, since it is likely to be irreversible. Does the Commission have any information about the environmental impact statement and the authorisation to plough an additional hectares of land? The Commission is not aware of the situation described by the Honourable Member and it does not possess information about the environmental impact statement or the authorisation to plough additional hectares in Paraje de la Herradura. The Commission will seek clarification from the Spanish authorities on the issues raised by the Honourable Member, in order to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Habitats Directive.
How does the Commission intend to implement the findings and recommendations of this report? Responsibility for its content lies entirely with the authors and the Commission is not bound to implement its findings and recommendations. The report argues that strong international collective action through global public policies should be a core element of the new post framework, as it is essential to establish an international environment that is conducive to development, to eradicate global poverty and to achieve the vision of the Millennium Declaration.
It therefore calls on the international community as a whole to step up to the challenge. The Commission considers the report to be an important, informative and valuable contribution. It already has, and will continue to, feed into its reflections on the post framework. The Commission fully supports the UN-led, multi-stakeholder process that will lead to a post framework.
In this context, it considers research initiatives such as the ERD to be an important resource and is therefore organising and supporting a series of events to stimulate the international debate around the findings of the report. Is the Commission concerned about these differences?
Does the Commission have an action plan to address this imbalance, in order to ensure greater parity in hourly labour costs across the single market? Yes, the Commission is deeply concerned about the differences in wages across Member States. Nevertheless, as these differences reveal unexploited market opportunities there remains much room for improvement in areas such as skills and education, technological innovation, and market efficiency.
The strategy covers a range of measures to boost productivity in all Member States, including improving skill levels and education including life-long learning , boosting research and innovation, making more use of smart networks and the digital economy, modernising industry and achieving greater energy and resource efficiency. Finally, the Commission examines also developments in wages and productivity in the Member States as part of the process for preventing and ultimately correcting macroeconomic imbalances. Information about this procedure can be obtained from the website of the directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs of the European Commission.
The prevention of violence against women is not only an issue for EU Member States; it is a global issue that affects millions of women on a daily basis. One fifth of these women are affected by violence within their own families and more that one in ten women are victims of sexual violence involving the use of force. We should not forget that violence manipulates the role of women in society and influences their access to employment, economic independence, and participation in public and political life.
However, until now, only 3 countries have ratified the Convention. What kind of measures will the Commission implement to encourage Member States to take action and ratify the Convention as soon as possible? The Commission is committed to a strong policy response to combat all forms of violence against women. This commitment is shown, in particular, in the action plan implementing the Stockholm Programme, the Women's Charter and the strategy for Equality between Women and Men and the adoption of legislative proposals such as the European Protection Order and the Victims' Package.
In all its activities related to the elimination of violence against women, the Commission calls on the Member states to ratify individually this Council of Europe Convention. L'unica scelta sembra essere lo champagne di un avvocato specialista della concorrenza o uscire dal mercato. La Commissione come concilia queste prassi antitetiche di promuovere aziende come Skype e Spotify quali esempi di successo per gli operatori UE e di permettere agli operatori di telecomunicazioni di bloccare loro l'accesso al mercato?
How can the Commission seek to promote and encourage EU entrepreneurs specifically those developing innovative services such as Skype while at the same time doing nothing to prevent known abuses of Internet neutrality, effectively allowing telecommunications companies to arbitrarily block these very services at their discretion, often for anticompetitive purposes? How can the Commission say that the online market is protected when consumers will have the comparative choice between.
What choice does a start-up company have if it cannot get into the market? How does the Commission reconcile these opposing practices of promoting businesses like Skype and Spotify as examples of success for EU entrepreneurs, while at the same time allowing telecommunications companies to block their access to the market? The Commission is strongly supporting the net neutrality principle. The Commission takes full account of all the resolutions of the European Parliament, including those calling on the Commission to enshrine the net neutrality principle into European law.
The Commission is currently preparing proposals on the single market for telecommunications which are necessary for the functioning of the Digital Single Market and will provide regulatory certainty for all stakeholders. The Commission is analysing the possibility to include in these proposals provisions on net neutrality. This means that no discriminatory blocking or throttling of competing services should be allowed. The upcoming proposals also aim at promoting access to digital markets by start-up entrepreneurs. I have received a letter from a London constituent who, as a temporary worker, has raised concerns regarding EU legislation.
While I believe in the principle of protecting employees, current EU legislation creates the undesirable situation where a temporary worker may be asked, as in the case of my constituent, to leave for an indefinite period as a means for a struggling business to circumvent cumbersome EU employment rules. Could the Commission explain to my constituent why EU-mandated employment laws are preventing him from working, and outline what derogations are available to temporary workers who wish to continue working in a temporary capacity? Neither the directive on temporary agency work nor any other EU employment legislation has the aim or the effect of discouraging or preventing people from working.
Furthermore, nothing in the directive prevents temporary workers from continuing to work in a temporary capacity. The directive takes the diversity of national systems and practice into account by allowing the Member States to derogate under strict conditions from certain of its provisions, notably the principle of equal treatment. It provides for equal treatment after the completion of a week qualifying period in a given job. Oggetto: Possibili finanziamenti per la valorizzazione dell'altopiano di Campello di Itri Latina. Il progetto ha dunque un triplice obiettivo: ambientale, paesaggistico e occupazionale.
The Campello plateau in Itri Latina , in the Aurunci mountain range, is one of the few protected rural defences in Lazio.
An integrated land development project is planned in the area, which has its own particular culture, landscape and agro-pastoral system, so as to create a socioeconomic synergy that facilitates the development of the natural environment, sustainable agriculture, tourism and culture, and which also has an economic and employment-related impact on the entire region. The project therefore targets three areas: the environment, the landscape and jobs.
As regards its landscape and cultural role, the project is dedicated to ensuring that every part of the Aurunci nature park is accessible, usable and welcoming to visitors, and to ensuring the redevelopment of the rural landscape, including with regard to its archaeological and natural heritage as a pre-Roman colony inhabited by the Oscans. In view of the comments made above, can the Commission provide details of the funding that the municipality of Itri could access in order to:.
The Lazio Rural Development Programme RDP can co-finance infrastructure related to the development and adaptation of agriculture and silviculture as well as supporting investment in the promotion of local products as part of quality schemes. In addition, under Axis 3, the RDP supports the diversification into non-agricultural activities, including rural tourism, rural village renewal, and the conservation of the rural heritage.
However, in line with the shared management principle used for the administration of cohesion policy, project selection and implementation is the responsibility of national authorities. For more information, the Commission therefore suggests that the Honourable Member contact directly the managing authorities of the programmes:.
The financial correction was proposed in response to failings in the management and control system, and particularly in the actions of the audit authority Czech Ministry of Finance. Paying the correction would bankrupt both regions and paralyse their operations for long to come. Many beneficiaries have now pointed out the flawed nature of the information that led to the financial correction being imposed. However, the Ministry has made not the slightest effort to correct this situation for which it is, in large part, to blame. The current state of affairs, whereby subsidies are not being paid for ongoing projects, is having an exceptionally harmful impact on beneficiaries towns and municipalities that have done nothing wrong.
Under the shared management principle, it is the responsibility of the Member State to decide how the proposed corrections will be settled at national level. The smooth continuation of the programme is of course in the interest of the Commission. Nevertheless, programmes must be implemented with sufficient assurance regarding the legality and regularity of all past and future expenditure. The deficiencies discovered by the Commission regarding the North-West programme were linked to certain programme-specific issues at the managing authority level, such as deficiencies in the selection of operations and management verifications, identified following audit work.
Furthermore, in , the Commission found certain horizontal deficiencies in the management and control systems of the overall implementation of the Structural Funds in the Czech Republic, including the independence of delegated audit bodies DABs , insufficient guidance and supervision by the audit authority of the DABs, management verifications carried out by managing authorities and the system for the treatment of irregularities. An action plan was agreed with the Czech authorities to improve the overall system and the main issues were satisfactorily addressed in The Commission sent its final position letter based on concrete audit findings to the Czech authorities and proposed specific corrective measures including financial corrections.
The Czech authorities were given the possibility to express their opinion. The Commission has not yet received a reply, as the deadline to respond has not yet expired. Another week, another nasty surprise for Spanish small investors in preferred shares. It has been in the news this week that the Spanish National Securities Market Commission CNMV has known for a long time that the way in which Bankia was presenting preferred shares to small investors was fraudulent, clearly favouring some at the expense of inflating the price of others. This report was clearly official, but was never made public.
It is not known who withheld it and how, but what is certain is that the CNMV knew of this crime and did not report it. The Spanish Government says it is the Commission that is obliging investors to bear part of the losses. The Commission appreciates your concern about the situation of the holders of preference shares of Bankia. During the last years the Commission has reinforced the legal framework to enhance consumer protection as regards the sale of investment products.
It is the competence of national authorities and courts to appreciate whether any specific sale of preference shares by a credit institution complies with this framework. The Commission has recently adopted several proposals in order to strengthen investor protection, like the proposal for a review of the MiFID framework. On the other hand, the MoU underscores the importance of an adequate burden-sharing. All measures envisaged for state aid credit institutions had to minimise the cost on taxpayers. That means that hybrid capital, including preference shares had to bear part of losses identified in these banks according to the restructuring plans approved by the Commission.
The new Roaming Regulation contains additional obligations on roaming providers to address the occurrence of involuntary roaming and to monitor and to inform customers. National Regulatory Authorities NRA are responsible for monitoring this phenomenon and take appropriate steps to mitigate it. According to data gathered by NRAs, inadvertent roaming was not identified as a significant problem, and only a few customers were reported as adversely affected. Information gathered by regulators indicate that providers have put in place a number of mechanisms to deal with the issue of inadvertent roaming.
For instance they are providing relevant information on their websites or where a particular issue has been identified, they have generally taken additional steps to ensure customers are aware of the issue. In some cases operators offer specific bespoke tariffs for neighbouring countries or have developed network coverage in border areas to tackle the problem. The budgetary crisis currently affecting the majority of EU Member States has led to many budgets being slashed, and defence budgets have been first in line.
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In view of these ongoing defence cuts in the Member States, it is vitally important to change our attitude and to establish new instruments in order to lend fresh impetus to the European defence structure. An economically and diplomatically powerful Europe will only be possible with a strong and responsive European defence. A number of European funding and resource management mechanisms have been put in place, however; for example, the Athena mechanism was established in to administer the financing of common costs of EU operations having military or defence implications.
It may therefore be a good idea to pool all funding for EU military operations so that it can be managed at European level. The enhanced cooperation mechanism could be used to establish this European security and defence fund, so that the only countries involved would be those that wished to provide funding and benefit from the mechanism.
In view of the current cuts to national defence budgets, is the Commission planning to establish new mechanisms to protect the European defence structure, which is a crucial aspect of an internationally powerful European Union? Any decision to extend the scope of common costs and modify the Athena will be taken by the Council. The next review of the Athena mechanism is planned for The Internet and the multiplicity of digital networks have specific features, such as their cross-border connections and volatility, which cast doubt on the importance of action taken at national level to deal with the digital sector and its challenges.
Free-of-charge services are the dominant model on the Internet, and the fact that digital sector is so volatile makes it very easy for players in the digital market to evade tax. This sector is resisting the imposition of legal rules. Since the Internet is a global phenomenon without geographical boundaries, only a small number of rules have been adopted at national level by the Member States. Nevertheless, a failure to coordinate these rules means conflicts of jurisdiction and even legal vacuums.
The European Union thus appears to be the only actor capable of dealing with this volatile and cross-border phenomenon. In addition, measures taken by the Commission and the Member States, particularly those aimed at securing their networks and information systems, can now be coordinated through the European Network and Information Security Agency.
Nevertheless, these measures do not appear sufficient to deal with all the challenges associated with the digital sector, such as personal data protection, the threat to cultural diversity, the issue of fair pay for creators and tax evasion. Having noted the importance of action at European level for legislation relating to this sector, can the Commission state whether it intends to develop its digital policy further, in particular in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of all of the challenges posed by the digital revolution?
In order to ensure better regulation and management of the digital sector, it would be a good idea for Europe to engage in dialogue with the rest of the world, in particular on the matter of personal data protection. Is the Commission considering the possibility of signing agreements with other countries or regions of the world on this subject in order to ensure that future European policies are better integrated into the global management of the digital sector?
This is reflected in the European Digital Agenda, which is reviewed regularly. Issues mentioned by the Honourable Member are already given due consideration in this strategy. In addition to these ongoing initiatives, following the call by the Spring European Council to come forward with concrete measures for a Single ICT Market, the Commission services are currently working on a set of proposals with a view to seek the endorsement of its principles by the European Council in October.
Ze waren onderweg van Aleppo naar de grensovergang met Turkije, Bab al Hawa en deden humanitair werk. Does she agree with me that, if confirmed, this incident marks a very dangerous development in an ever-escalating conflict which may set the various communities in Syria even more against each other and may lead to severe repressive measures against minority groups such as Christians? Washington teme inoltre che la visita possa compromettere il ripristino delle relazioni tra Israele e la Turchia, iniziato a marzo a seguito delle scuse di Israele per l'incidente della Mavi Marmara.
She welcomes the current Turkish-Israel rapprochement and hopes that this will be sustained, in the interests of both countries and the region as a whole. Hunting often involves the use of nets and sticks; a particularly non-selective method which is specifically banned under the directive. The survival of several species of bird is threatened by this illegal hunting. Issues relating to the implementation of this directive have been raised before, by both myself and others, though little action appears to have yet been taken. Could the Commission outline what measures it is taking, as well as those measures, if any, which have already been implemented, to put a stop to this illegal practice?
Furthermore, the Commission has received reports with monitoring data showing persisting high levels of bird trapping in autumn but also an improvement in winter with a significant decrease of mist net use. On that basis it will re-iterate to the Cypriot authorities the need to step up their enforcement efforts. Furthermore the Commission has been informed of a recently launched initiative in Cyprus bringing together competent authorities, NGOs and stakeholders with a view to developing a strategic action plan for tackling illegal bird trapping.
Not later than three months after entry into force of the Agreement, Ukraine will submit a comprehensive strategy for the implementation of the Sanitary-Phytosanitary Chapter. The comprehensive strategy will indicate priority areas that relate to measures facilitating trade in one specific commodity or group of commodities. It was implemented from in partnership with the Ministry of Women and Children's Affairs and four local non-governmental organisations NGOs. The objective was to contribute to the reduction in severe poverty and food insecurity in Bangladesh by enhancing the capacity of 80 extremely poor women-headed households.
It had the following impact:. Other follow-up projects aim at making agriculture and market systems work for landless, marginal and smallholder farmers, and address under-nutrition in young children and women. The EU also regularly launches calls for proposals for NGOs active in the area of food and nutrition security.
The Government of Bangladesh has stated that it would welcome an EU observation mission and such a mission has already been included in this year's financial planning. She has written to the Foreign Minister in the same vein. The project on strengthening election management is expected to reinforce the Bangladesh Election Commission's BEC planning and training capacities and to support its activities, including the preparation and dissemination of an updated voter list including photographs; provision of technical advice on boundary limitation; training of election officials; preparation of codes of conduct for the media, political parties and BEC staff; and enhancing voter education generally.
Could the Commission indicate whether it has plans to publish proposals for EU companies operating in third countries, similar to those it has forwarded to Parliament and the Council for CSR within the single market? Does the Commission support the idea of the creation of an award scheme for CSR conduct of European companies operating outside the single market, similar to the one proposed for companies operating inside the EU?
The Commission has deliberately chosen to keep a non-prescriptive approach to CSR. The focus is on already existing, internationally recognised, CSR guidelines and principles. It is not about judging enterprises' behaviour as. The national awards should focus on partnerships between an enterprise and at least one other non-business stakeholder for example, a group of customers, a non-governmental organisation, or a public authority. It is not excluded that these partnerships take an external dimension.
The Commission has no intention to create a separate award scheme with a focus only on this external dimension. Nuo m. The majority of lessons in ethnic minority schools, where teaching should be carried out in the native language, are therefore given in two languages. Thus, of the 12 Lithuanian ethnic minority schools the Polish Government will leave only three, while pupils from the closed schools will be transferred to Polish schools. It follows that matters concerning education in minority languages fall within the competence of national authorities and should therefore be addressed at national level.
Avser kommissionen att protestera kraftfullt mot Israels behandling av palestinska barn? Children are taken from their homes in the middle of the night by heavily armed soldiers, are hand-tied and blindfolded and taken to a police station. They are denied food and water and subjected to interrogation, during which they suffer physical and mental abuse, without the presence of a lawyer or family members. Unicef also published a list of 38 recommendations that could improve the situation. The points made include recommendations that arrests should be conducted during daylight, that information should be provided concerning the reasons for the arrest, that the use of hand-tying and blindfolding should be prohibited and that interrogations should take place in the presence of a lawyer or family member.
In light of this frightening Unicef report, can the Commission answer the following questions:. Does it intend to demand that Israel follow the 38 recommendations put forward by Unicef? Does it intend to suspend the trade agreement with Israel until further notice, as it is now clear that, with this treatment of children, Israel is committing a serious violation of human rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child?
The EU has repeatedly voiced its concerns about the treatment of Palestinian children in the Israeli judicial and detention system. Palestinian minors do not enjoy the same level of protection as is provided for under Israel's Youth Law or required by international law. The new military order No. The EU has repeatedly conveyed its concerns about these practices in the framework of its regular political and human rights dialogue with Israel. The report will also provide information on the outcomes of the implementation of the directive. The report will be based on the European Commission's analysis of the implementation of the directive supported by two studies carried out for the Commission, on the consumer credit market and on the regulatory choices made by the Member States when implementing the directive.
The information campaign will be launched in Spain, Ireland and Malta before summer , and subsequently in Cyprus. This may include policy advice for improving competition in product and services markets such as regulated professions or construction , further reducing the tax burden on labour or simplifying employment legislation. The Commission makes a proposal for the Council for policy advice to Member States and to the euro area as a whole. The Commission monitors the implementation of the policy advice throughout the year. The assessment of policy reforms in each Member State is included in the Staff Working Documents that accompany the Commission's proposal for policy advice for the following year.
In preparation of this assessment, the Commission is contact with Member States, to collect data and information. The final recommendations are adopted by the Council, which is under the responsibility to explain in public, for example in economic dialogue with the European Parliament, the motivation of the changes which it has introduced to the Commission proposals.
The Commission formulates policy advice with concrete measures and deadlines for the policy steps. To what extent will the changes bring about the increases described? Has a numerical estimate of these increases been made? The number of client contacts and the resulting placements and recruitments are expected to increase thanks to the extension of the EURES network to new actors and the expanded basis for matching that will follow from that.
No numerical estimates have been made. The programming and monitoring cycle that is being established will include common indicators to measure outputs and outcomes. Moreover, Member States will be invited to share in the network other information available at national level, in particular with public employment services, on results relating to mobility, including of a qualitative nature.
The revamped and improved EURES portal will be introduced to the public gradually, in several steps, from the end of and over the coming years, according to a project plan that was established in cooperation with the EURES network. The aim of the Commission is to start the exchange of information in accordance with this framework as from calendar year However, my question concerned not only those who may still be able to take part but also those who are excluded from new technologies and are likely to remain so. It is therefore important to know in what way services will continue to be made accessible to them in the future.
Does the Commission not agree that the interests of those who are less able to use the Internet should be considered and that their access to services and communication should not be limited in practical terms? Is it aware of, or prepared to evaluate, the levels of information exclusion in the European Union and the risk of excluding the elderly from active participation in the public arena and from social interaction using this network? The Commission agrees all citizens should have equitable access to key services in society.
The Commission has no evidence that citizens are excluded from existing off-line services or will be so in the near future , because of the introduction of online versions of these services. To guarantee the availability of off-line services in the public domain, or preventing increase of exclusion from these, falls under responsibility of the Member States. The Commission through Eurostat regularly monitors the evolution in Internet use in the Member States including by older people, which is a key source of information for further policy development.
The Commission is looking forward to continue working with the European Parliament and the Council on this issue. Will the proposal significantly improve data protection and the ability of the competent authorities and subjects of breached data to protect themselves adequately and swiftly against such breaches? At present, EU-wide harmonised rules on the notification of personal data breaches exist only for providers of electronic communications services e. This obligation is laid down in the revised ePrivacy Directive, which has been implemented into the national law of all Member States.
Ultimately this should give individuals more trust in the digital environment and provide enhanced legal certainty for business. Rules for commercial air transport with hot-air balloons, i. Consultations with the Members States on the proposed measure are coming to an end. In both cases, Member States will have up to three years to transition from national to EU standards.
Therefore, the Commission intends to put forward a proposal for its revision. What support has it received from Member States, Universities, cultural institutions and civil society? Estas incluem regras de higiene e listas de ingredientes autorizados, incluindo os aditivos. O Regulamento CE n. Is there not a serious risk that prior to slaughter these animals may have ingested products that could be harmful to humans? They include hygiene rules and lists of allowed ingredients including additives.
Moreover, the responsibility for enforcing food chain legislation lies with Member States, which are required to establish a system of official controls to verify compliance by operators with requirements deriving therefrom. The Commission monitors delivery by the Member States of their control duties, including through on-the-spot audits. In the case referred to, the official controls systems established by the Member States allowed them to identify violations of applicable rules.
So far, there is no reason to believe that the official controls systems established in Member States are ineffective. The same goes for the controls the Commission carries out to verify those systems. No entanto, paralelamente, podem ser utilizadas outras vias. As illegal downloads and file sharing are ever increasing and are threatening intellectual property rights and the survival of the industry, what additional measures will the Commission take to reduce these practices?
Bearing in mind national courts and tribunals, how can online piracy best be tackled? Does the Commission have an alternative proposal, should the European Court consider that ACTA violates any of the abovementioned basic rights? The Commission has the right of initiative to propose measures at EU level in the field of intellectual property, including therefore measures against illegal downloading and file sharing. These actions include the stakeholder dialogue Licences for Europe to help find practical solutions to enhance legal access to creative content online.
National courts and tribunals have the primary responsibility in applying national law. However, there can also be other remedies which can be run in parallel. Currently, the Commission is reviewing the results of its online public consultation on civil IP enforcement. It is considering a communication explaining whether and, if so, how it might adjust the current legislation in the IP enforcement field.
Will the Commission create an information point where central, regional and local governments can find out about EU preservation and maintenance funds and projects as the Portuguese media has shown it is unaware of such support? The conservation and preservation of cultural heritage is the responsibility of individual Member States. Through its Culture Programme , the Commission provides support to cultural cooperation projects, including in the field of cultural heritage, involving operators from different Member States.
Local and regional authorities can participate. In its proposal for the new Creative Europe programme , the Commission will continue to provide such support. In addition, the Commission actively supports other actions seeking to highlight European cultural heritage, such as the European Heritage Days, jointly managed with the Council of Europe, the European Heritage Label and the European Union Prize for Cultural heritage. The future Creative Europe programme will also provide such assistance through a network of Creative desks that will be established.
Will the Commission present any further special schemes for tackling youth unemployment using EU funds? Will the Commission reassess the Portuguese proposal to use co-financing to pay for voluntary redundancies? Special early retirement schemes are not part of the Package. In addition to the YEI, the Commission proposal for the ESF Regulation for the forthcoming programming period includes a dedicated ESF investment priority for the sustainable labour-market integration of young people who are neither in employment nor in education or training NEETs.
Member States with high youth unemployment rates are expected to identify young unemployed persons and. The Commission will carefully analyse and monitor the Portuguese requalification scheme that was announced as part of the measures in the framework of the public expenditure review.
While the details of this measure are still unknown, as a general rule the ESF can be used to finance professional reorientation, retraining and reskilling. In any event, ESF financing must contribute to enhance employability of those who have taken part in reskilling courses. The ESF cannot finance redundancies, whether or not these are voluntary. Is the Commission aware that some Member States consider the College qualifications as post graduate rather than.
Given that the aim of the qualifications Directive, in force since , is to eliminate inconsistencies as well as this kind of confusion about the qualifications awarded to European nationals, will the Commission take any action with these Member States? Does it agree that students are to some extent misled as they only become aware of this issue after they have completed the academic year?
Masters degrees delivered by the College of Europe are officially recognised by the Flemish Government, and are equivalent to fully recognised Master's degrees issued by a Flemish university. However, it is not always easy for students to have their qualifications recognised in another country for the purposes of further study. Building trust between systems is a key step in facilitating recognition. The College of Europe clearly states its policy and application modalities in advance of its selection process.
The Commission also stated that it would follow this issue closely. The Government's decision to reimburse new beneficiaries of free justice for the fees paid is insufficient, since reimbursement ought to cover all those who have paid fees that have now been recognised as excessive and disproportionate. An excessive fee can however constitute a restriction that impairs the very essence of a person's fundamental right to be heard by a court.
The excessive nature of a fee should be assessed in light of all the relevant elements of the legislation establishing such a fee, including the possible exemptions for persons eligible for legal aid. The amount of the fees varies across Member States. The current funding arrangements for the French CNC National Cinematography Centre will have to change and revised arrangements are now under negotiation.
In anticipation of this reform, some French regions have quite simply suspended all regional aid to the industry, leaving an entire sector in disarray. This could nullify years of efforts to develop the audiovisual sector in certain parts of the country. Progress is now urgently needed on the issue of state funding for the film industry. Can the Commission now provide a date for the publication of the communication on state aid to the film industry? Which of its proposals can be revealed now, so that local authorities can adapt to the new situation and start providing funding again?
The Commission underlines that, regardless of the date of adoption of the new Cinema communication, Member States are obliged to inform the Commission of aid schemes in advance. Once the new Cinema communication is adopted, Member States will be asked to confirm either that their schemes are in line with the new rules or that they will adapt their schemes accordingly within a year. The Commission notes that, despite the information from the Honourable Member that French regional film support schemes have suspended making payments while waiting for the new Cinema communication to be adopted by the Commission, it continues to receive and approve notifications of film support schemes, including from France.
What specific measures have been taken to date by the European Union and Member States to protect privately-owned listed buildings making up their architectural heritage? What other incentives and similar measures referred to in the Granada Convention are being envisaged and implemented in respect of privately-owned listed buildings and scheduled monuments? Finally, what penalties will it impose on Member States failing to meet their obligations towards the private owners of such properties, who clearly receive less favourable treatment than their counterparts in other Member States as a result?
For example, the Commission supports cultural cooperation activities at European level within the framework of its Culture Programme. However, the European Union does not have any competence in the field of listing cultural heritage to be protected nor to edict specific measures for its protection. The listing, upkeep, protection, conservation and renovation of cultural heritage are primarily national responsibilities as are related policy measures, such as tax concessions, grants, subsidies or penalties. However, more reports have emerged showing that state sanctioned violence and oppression of minorities in Burma are rife, with a video uncovered by the BBC which shows a mob attacking Muslims in the town of Meikhtila, while police stood and watched without intervening.
This occurred in the same region where just last month 40 people were killed and 12 displaced as a result of civil unrest directed at Rohingya Muslims. A report by Human Rights Watch released this week details how government authorities destroyed mosques, conducted violent mass arrests and blocked aid to displaced Muslims following similar sectarian violence last year.
How will the Commission measure the effectiveness of lifting sanctions, and what does it consider to be a successful outcome? Under what circumstances would the Commission begin this evaluation? While recognising remaining significant challenges, including the need for the Government to address the status and welfare of the Rohingyas, this decision was taken in response to the positive changes that have taken place and in the expectation that they will continue.
Would the Commission clarify what actions are being taken to put a stop to human trafficking in Moldova and to bring Moldovan laws and the penalties imposed by the Moldovan judiciary into line with EU standards? The EU anti-trafficking policy takes a comprehensive approach focusing on prevention, protection, prosecution, and the developing partnerships with the various actors involved, including partners within the European Neighborhood Policy ENP , where Moldova is a partner country.
A joint EU-Moldova ENP Action Plan lays out the strategic objectives including fight against organised crime and addressing trafficking in human beings. As regards judicial cooperation, the legislative framework in the area of mutual legal assistance is largely in place.
The EU together with other international institutions are working together in projects on awareness raising campaigns focusing on recruitment to trafficking in human beings in Moldova. Sebbene l'ex Primo ministro Salam Fayyad abbia condannato il terrorismo, due anni fa ha ordinato di triplicare gli stipendi per i militanti incarcerati. Anche il Parlamento norvegese ha sollevato la questione, essendo codesto paese uno dei principali donatori a beneficio dell'AP. Although former Prime Minister Salam Fayyad has condemned terrorism, two years ago he ordered salaries for imprisoned militants to be tripled.
The Commission is aware that the Palestinian Authority PA has a system of allowances provided to prisoners and their families, which has been in place for a number of years and which is adjusted from time to time. In the event that any such names appear, they are removed from the list of beneficiaries. This exercise is carried out with every payment request. Oggetto: La Commissione vigili attivamente sulle banche tedesche.
Inoltre la Commerz, banca privata tedesca ma con un capitale per un quarto pubblico, ha ottenuto 35 miliardi di sovvenzioni statali, cifra pari al doppio di quanto richiesto dal default cipriota e pari a 5 volte la sua capitalizzazione in Borsa. La Commissione non ritiene che il sistema bancario tedesco violi i principi del libero mercato, godendo del sostegno pubblico e di un rating falsato dalla loro natura pubblicistica? La Commissione monitora regolarmente i settori bancari degli Stati membri. Most German banks enjoy an AAA credit rating due to the fact that they are publicly owned, thereby creating a distortion in market perception.
Does the Commission not agree that the German banking system is infringing the principle of the free market, by enjoying public support and a credit rating that is distorted by the public ownership of the banks? The Commission routinely monitors the banking sectors of Member States. The supervision of banks, however, both on an individual and systemic level is the purview of the national authorities, with the assistance of the European Banking Authority and the European Systemic Risk Board.
Oggetto: La Commissione renda illegale il bisfenolo A nelle confezioni per gli alimenti. Il maggior uso di questa sostanza si riferisce in effetti al confezionamento di alimenti, soprattutto le bottiglie d'acqua. L'esposizione a tale sostanza agisce principalmente sui feti, che svilupperebbero un rischio di cancro elevato, e sulle donne, con conseguenze sull'apparato riproduttivo. La Commissione ritiene opportuno rendere illegale l'impiego dei composti che includono il bisfenolo A utilizzati a scopo di conservazione alimentare?
La Commissione resta in attesa del parere dell'EFSA prima di prendere una decisione in merito all'eventuale revisione dello status del bisfenolo A come materiale a contatto con gli alimenti. However, this substance is mostly used in food packaging, especially water bottles. Exposure to this substance acts primarily on foetuses, which apparently develop a high risk of cancer, and in women, affecting their reproductive systems. Does the Commission not think it might be appropriate to make the use of compounds containing bisphenol A illegal for the purpose of food preservation?
L'industria europea utilizza ora prevalentemente la materia prima grezza continentale. Di conseguenza l'approvvigionamento sta diventando difficile, tanto che il settore italiano, ad esempio, sta rifiutando ordini per mancanza di rifornimento. La Commissione segue costantemente i nuovi sviluppi che interessano le restrizioni all'esportazione e adotta misure nei confronti dei paesi terzi. The EU leather industry mainly uses European rawhide. Consequently, finding supplies of raw materials is becoming difficult, to the point that in Italy, for instance, the industry is turning away orders for lack of supplies.
And as availability decreases, prices increase, causing serious difficulties for companies which, amongst other things, are having their credit cut owing to the banking crisis. But there has been no sign of action so far and the situation in the sector has instead grown even worse. Does the Commission have any new information on how the crisis in this sector is likely to develop? Has this borne fruit as hoped? Through different trade negotiations, the Commission has achieved important outcomes so that EU tanneries can access affordable raw materials: The concluded negotiations on a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement with Ukraine provides for the elimination of export duties on raw hides and skins.
The study analysed a wide spectrum of labelling harmonisation possibilities: country of origin, social labelling, environmental labelling, animal species and leather authenticity labelling. The overview of potential impacts considered suggested action in the area of authenticity. Oggetto: Commercializzazione illegale del liquore Sambuca.
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L'allegato II del regolamento CE n. Clearly, practices of this kind are to be condemned as they are contrary to the principles of fair competition and transparency in trade relations. What action will the Commission take at EU level to ensure Member States apply measures and sanctions that are able to curb these abusive practices? The Commission has very recently become aware of the trade practices alluded to by the Honourable Member.
IL CENTRO Italian Cultural Centre’s Project, It was rejected by the members!
The ban on the sale of land to foreign nationals in Lithuania will cease to apply in The worry is that foreign land purchases will make it even more difficult for Lithuanian farmers to set up in business and expand their farms: farmers have, indeed, been opposed for some years to the idea that foreigners should be allowed to acquire land in Lithuania. That is why Lithuanian farmers believe that the ban on foreign land purchases in Lithuania should remain in force for the duration of the transitional period laid down for the purpose of aligning direct payments.
This temporary derogation is not linked to developments in direct payments to Lithuanian farmers or in the multiannual financial framework. The Act of Accession also foresaw a possibility to extend the transitional period for up to a maximum of three years. The Commission has no competence to further prolong this extension. En efecto, la finalidad del control de las ayudas estatales realizado por la UE es evaluar si la ayuda es necesaria y, de serlo, minimizar cualquier falseamiento de la competencia que de ella se derive.
It will be a clear opportunity to make more money. The senior executive of Banco Santander also predicted that the sector would be shaped by some seven or eight banks at the end of the adjustment process. Does the Commission not think that granting state aid to banks might unduly distort competition?
Does the Commission believe that this concentration and restriction on the number of banks might reduce competition and lead to abuses of dominant position? Does the Commission not think that this concentration of the Spanish banking sector might be detrimental to consumers? The Commission concurs with the statement that state aid to banks may unduly distort competition.
It is indeed the role of EU State aid control to assess whether aid is necessary and if it is, to minimise any ensuing distortions of competition. In Spain's case, the aid to banks was necessary to restore confidence in the financial sector and avoid a deeper systemic financial crisis. Given the proportionally high amount of state aid received, the three nationalised banks must undergo very deep restructuring. As a result of those measures, at the end of the restructuring processes, those banks will be smaller in scope and size and hence exert a less distortive effect on competition.
Other measures have been also imposed on the banks, such as bans on aggressive marketing and acquisition bans. While the Commission monitors developments in the market, it is not in the Commission's competence to speculate on Banco Santander's predictions. Concentration and restriction of the number of banks may reduce competition and potentially lead to abuses of a dominant position, harming consumers.
However, effective instruments of antitrust and merger control are in place, exercised by the national competition authorities as well as by the Commission, in order to prevent such situations.
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This has led to disciplinary proceedings for 11 of the 19 banking institutions issuing preference shares. In addition, some banks, such as Bankia, have marketed preference shares at a premium and without the necessary investment information. Does the Commission plan to introduce stricter rules on the marketing of complex, high-risk financial products to retail investors and on the information that investment companies should provide to their clients, especially when it comes to the most vulnerable consumers who lack even the most basic knowledge of financial matters?
Does the Commission believe that current consumer protection laws have been breached where subscription contracts containing unlawful and misleading clauses have been signed, and that these contracts should therefore be declared null and void? The two proposals are under negotiation in the European Parliament and the Council. As far as the sale of the above financial products is concerned, it is for the competent Spanish authorities and courts to ensure that all the relevant consumer protection legislation was adhered to when these sales were carried out.
It also falls under the competence of national courts to decide the consequences of potential violations of national legislation transposing MiFID, including whether contracts should be declared null and void.