The Popular Religion and Folk-Lore of Northern India, Vol. I of II

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Home Contact us Help Free delivery worldwide. Free delivery worldwide. Bestselling Series. Harry Potter. Popular Features. New Releases. Methodology The field study — centred on thirty-one Arab, Bedouin, and Druze villages in the Galilee. Open in a separate window. Wedding preparations under sacred trees In some villages there are sacred trees which are called "Sajarat el Orsan the groom's tree, 8 or "Sagarat el Arus The bride's tree, 7. Rainmaking rituals The rainmaking ceremony at the village of Kaukab Abu el Heija, in the Western Galilee, was so famous that people from other villages in the region used to take part and each delegation brought its special flags which were assigned for this specific purpose.

Discussion The tree as a social centre In many cases it is easy to attribute meetings under the tree not to its sancticity but simply because many of them are very large and give a lot of shade 5. Judging under the tree Judging under trees is known from Biblical times Judges Sacrifices under the tree Sacrifices have been carried out since time immemorial in almost in every known culture, to propitiate gods and spirits, to restore the divine connection and to wipe out the offence, [[ 28 ]: passim], according to this author [[ 28 ]: VII] " Sulkha Sulkhas being conciliations between families, especially when serious quarrels or murder were involved.

Rain making ceremonies Rainmaking ceremonies are known worldwide in many diverse communities [[ 12 ]: passim]. If the trees are cut, no clouds would come up to the mountain top and there would be no rains" 3. Rag tying It seems that the custom of tying rags onto sacred trees exists in almost every known human culture, going beyond the borders of religion, geography and time [[ 84 ]:passim; [ 85 ]; I: ; [ 12 ]:7—96, see [ 21 ] for a review].

Hammering nails into sacred trees Hammering nails as well as hanging clothes are "tying" rituals, whereby the person seeks healing or a solution to problems by transferring his or her illness or problems to the tree, or to whatever object the clothes are hung on or nails hammered into. Weddings People used to arrange weddings under the sacred tree to receive blessings from the saint to whom the tree is dedicated 24 and, also, just because it was almost the only large available tree that gave considerable shade 5 , all of which are Bedouin who stressed that the tree was a meeting point because of this very reason.

Taking vows Vows are taken under a sacred tree just as they are in saints' shrines [[ 19 ]—]. Incense According to Groom [[ ]:1] "Incense has had a continuous religious significance throughout the entire expanse of history from the first civilization to the present day Light, through its presence or absence, sets apart the sacred from the profane" Candles and oil lamps are lit on the graves of righteous people and saints by Jews as well as Muslims in Palestine [ Moshe Yerushalmy in [ ]; [ ]] as well as in Morocco [[ 44 ]].

Charity Visitors to sanctuaries, in Palestine, used to leave objects in honour of the saint as votive objects, as part of a fulfillment of a vow or for use by later visitors; these included candles, oil for lamps [ 19 ]—, also personal observations], incense [ 19 ]] and matches [ 19 ]]. Kissing and embracing of the tree This custom seems to be almost exclusive to the Druze.

Monotheistic vs. The uniqueness of some Druze customs Some customs such as rainmaking ceremonies, burials, pronouncing judgment, conducting a Sulkha, and leaving water under the sacred tree are absent in the Druze sector. References Turner HW. The Hague: Mouton; The Sacred and the Profane.

Fields New York. Free Press; Patterns of Comparative Religion. New York and London: Garland Publishing; Sacred beliefs and belief of sacredness. Sacred Sites, Sacred Places. London and New York: Routledge; Towards a model for the identification and recognition of sacred sites. Sacred Lands. Tree Worship in Ancient India. Sacred Trees across Cultures and Nations. Calcutta: Indian Publications, Folklore Series 27; The Worship of Nature. London: Macmillan; Sacred Trees. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books; On the typology and the worship status of sacred trees with a special reference to the Middle East.

J Ethnobiol Ethnomedicine. In: Muslim Studies. Stern SM, editor. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd; Pagan Survivals in Mohammedan Civilisation. Amsterdam: Philo; Ritual and Belief in Morocco.

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New York: University Books; First published in [ Google Scholar ] Canaan T. Mohammedan Saints and Sanctuaries in Palestine. Jerusalem: Ariel Originally published —, rep n. Arraf S. Tarshikha: Ikhan Mahul; Why are rags tied to the sacred trees of the Holy Land? Econ Bot. The supernatural characters and powers of sacred trees in the Holy Land. In: Eliade M, editor.

The Popular Religion and Folk-Lore of Northern India, Vol. I of II - William Crooke - Google Libros

The Encyclopaedia of Religion. J Ethnobio Ethnomedicine. Monogeography No 1. Haifa: Department of Geography; University of Haifa; Expansion of Bedouin settlement in Galilee resulting from spontaneous occupation and planned government policy. Brighton and Portland: Sussex Academic Press; Forest tree conservation through metaphysical constraints. The George Wright Forum. Ritual Sacrifice: An Illustrated History. Phoenix Mill, Thrupp, U. K: Sutton; The Bari.

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Volume II (Illustrated)

J Afri Hist. Serie A, no 8. Paris; Niger Ibos: a description of the primitive life, customs and animistic beliefs etc, of the Ibo people of Nigeria. London: Cass; Tribal gods and festives in central India. Asian Folk Stud. Tribal Law and Justice a Report on the Santal. New Delhi: Concept Publishing House; Magic and witchcraft of the Chota-Nagpur plateaux — astudy in the philosophy of primitive life.

Community forestry and environmental literacy in northern Thailand: towards collaborative natural resource management and conservation. The Rungus Dusun. In: King VT, editor. Essays on Borneo Societies. Oxford: Oxford University Press; Primitive Semitic Religion to-Day.

London: Hodder and Stoughton; Amer Ethnol. The sacred fig-tree of the A-Kikuyu of East Africa. Trees and spaces as emotion and norm laden components of local ecosystems in Nyamaropa communal land, Nyanga district, Zimbabwe. Agri Hum Val. An Akamba ceremony used in times of drought. Rain-makingamong the Lagno. Further researches into Kikuyu and Kamba religions beliefs and customs. A note on the rain makers among the Moro. Calcutta: Indian Publications; Rain go bad, woman gone mad: rethinking gender rituals of rebellion and patriarchy. J Roy Anthropol. Rain-making on the river Moreland.

The rain rituals as rites of spiritual passage. Int Jf Middle East Stud. Buddhist rainmaking in Early Japan: the dragon king and the ritual careers of esoteric monks. Hist Relig. When rain falls: rainmaking and community in a Tswana village, c. Inlt J African Hist Stu. Rituals and ceremonies accompanying rain making among the Guruntum and Bubbure people. L'homme et l'eau dans le bassin du lac Tchad.

In: Description of Greece. Zeus and the Oak. Class Rev. The oak and the thunder-god. Continuing the change: the role of dynamics of traditional institutions in the management of the Haroni and Rusitu forests in Chimanimani, Zimbabwe. Palmgrave WG. Village forest protection regulation in Vietnam: strengthening participation in natural resources management.

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Forests, culture and conservation. In: Posey DA, editor. Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity. In: Xu J, Mikesell S, editor. Sacred natural sites in Xishuangbanna in south-western China. In: Lee C, Schaaf T, editor. Folklore of sacred groves. Ind Folkl. The sacred groves of Meghalaya. Man India. Socio-cultural studies of the sacred groves of Cherrapunji and adjoining areas in the North Eastern India. Sacred groves: regeneration the body, the land, the community. In: Sachs W, editor. London: Zed Books; Conserving the Sacred for Biodiversity Management.

Cultural and spiritual values related to the conservation of biodiversity in sacred groves of the western Ghat in Maharashtra.


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    Peasant Life in the Holy Land. London: John Murray; Tree Heritage of Britain and Ireland. Shrewsbury: Swan Hill Press; Trees in Udmurt religion. Please create a new list with a new name; move some items to a new or existing list; or delete some items. Your request to send this item has been completed. APA 6th ed. Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied.

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