La Croix in French.
Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 7 September Le Point in French. Archived from the original on 7 January Retrieved 10 June Retrieved 30 September Ouest-France in French. Retrieved 28 May Retrieved 4 September L'Alsace in French. Retrieved 6 September Le Parisien in French. El Watan in French. Retrieved 20 August Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved 5 September Retrieved 23 May Tiger Global. Retrieved 3 December Screen Daily. Rotten Tomatoes.
Retrieved 20 June CBS Interactive. Le Monde in French. Retrieved 8 September Des hommes et des dieux aurait sans doute perdu en grandeur et en lyrisme The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 December Total Film. Retrieved 1 December Excessif in French. Retrieved 15 September God made thee perfet , not immutable ; And good he made thee, but to persevere [ ] He left it in thy power, ordaind thy will By nature free, not over- rul'd by Fate Inextricable, or strict necessity; Our voluntarie service he requires, Not our necessitated, such with him [ ] Finds no acceptance, nor can find, for how Can hearts, not free, be tri'd whether they serve Willing or no, who will but what they must By Destinie , and can no other choose?
Myself and all th' Angelic Host that stand [ ] In sight of God enthron'd , our happie state Hold, as you yours, while our obedience holds; On other surety none; freely we serve Because we freely love, as in our will To love or not; in this we stand or fall: [ ] And Som are fall'n , to disobedience fall'n , And so from Heav'n to deepest Hell; O fall From what high state of bliss into what woe! To whom our great Progenitor. Thy words Attentive, and with more delighted eare [ ] Divine instructer, I have heard, then when Cherubic Songs by night from neighbouring Hills Aereal Music send: nor knew I not To be both will and deed created free; Yet that we never shall forget to love [ ] Our maker, and obey him whose command Single, is yet so just, my constant thoughts Assur'd me and still assure: though what thou tellst Hath past in Heav'n , Som doubt within me move, But more desire to hear, if thou consent, [ ] The full relation, which must needs be strange, Worthy of Sacred silence to be heard; And we have yet large day, for scarce the Sun Hath finisht half his journey, and scarce begins His other half in the great Zone of Heav'n.
Thus Adam made request, and Raphael After short pause assenting, thus began. High matter thou injoinst me, O prime of men, Sad task and hard, for how shall I relate To human sense th' invisible exploits [ ] Of warring Spirits; how without remorse The ruin of so many glorious once And perfet while they stood; how last unfould The secrets of another World, perhaps Not lawful to reveal? Thus when in Orbes Of circuit inexpressible they stood, [ ] Orb within Orb, the Father infinite, By whom in bliss imbosom'd sat the Son, Amidst as from a flaming Mount , whose top Brightness had made invisible, thus spake.
This day I have begot whom I declare My onely Son, and on this holy Hill Him have anointed, whom ye now behold [ ] At my right hand; your Head I him appoint; And by my Self have sworn to him shall bow All knees in Heav'n , and shall confess him Lord : Under his great Vice-gerent Reign abide United as one individual Soule [ ] For ever happie : him who disobeyes Mee disobeyes , breaks union, and that day Cast out from God and blessed vision, falls Into utter darkness, deep ingulft , his place Ordaind without redemption, without end.
So spake th' Omnipotent, and with his words All seemd well pleas'd , all seem'd , but were not all. That day, as other solemn dayes , they spent In song and dance about the sacred Hill, Mystical dance, which yonder starrie Spheare [ ] Of Planets and of fixt in all her Wheeles Resembles nearest, mazes intricate, Eccentric , intervolv'd , yet regular Then most, when most irregular they seem, And in thir motions harmonie Divine [ ] So smooths her charming tones, that Gods own ear Listens delighted.
Eevning now approach'd For wee have also our Eevning and our Morn, Wee ours for change delectable, not need Forthwith from dance to sweet repast they turn [ ] Desirous, all in Circles as they stood, Tables are set, and on a sudden pil'd With Angels Food, and rubied Nectar flows In Pearl, in Diamond, and massie Gold, Fruit of delicious Vines, the growth of Heav'n.
Sleepst thou, Companion dear, what sleep can close Thy eye-lids? Thou to me thy thoughts Wast wont, I mine to thee was wont to impart; Both waking we were one; how then can now Thy sleep dissent? Assemble thou Of all those Myriads which we lead the chief; Tell them that by command, ere yet dim Night [ ] Her shadowie Cloud withdraws, I am to haste, And all who under me thir Banners wave, Homeward with flying march where we possess The Quarters of the North , there to prepare Fit entertainment to receive our King [ ] The great Messiah , and his new commands, Who speedily through all the Hierarchies Intends to pass triumphant, and give Laws.
Son, thou in whom my glory I behold In full resplendence, Heir of all my might, [ ] Neerly it now concernes us to be sure Of our Omnipotence, and with what Arms We mean to hold what anciently we claim Of Deitie or Empire, such a foe Is rising, who intends to erect his Throne [ ] Equal to ours, throughout the spacious North; Nor so content, hath in his thought to try In battel , what our Power is, or our right.
Let us advise, and to this hazard draw With speed what force is left, and all imploy [ ] In our defense, lest unawares we lose This our high place, our Sanctuarie , our Hill. To whom the Son with calm aspect and cleer Light'ning Divine, ineffable, serene, Made answer. Mightie Father, thou thy foes [ ] Justly hast in derision, and secure Laugh'st at thir vain designes and tumults vain, Matter to mee of Glory, whom thir hate Illustrates , when they see all Regal Power Giv'n me to quell thir pride, and in event [ ] Know whether I be dextrous to subdue Thy Rebels, or be found the worst in Heav'n.
Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Vertues , Powers, If these magnific Titles yet remain Not meerly titular, since by Decree Another now hath to himself ingross't [ ] All Power, and us eclipst under the name Of King anointed, for whom all this haste Of midnight march, and hurried meeting here, This onely to consult how we may best With what may be devis'd of honours new [ ] Receive him coming to receive from us Knee-tribute yet unpaid, prostration vile, Too much to one, but double how endur'd , To one and to his image now proclaim'd?
But what if better counsels might erect [ ] Our minds and teach us to cast off this Yoke? Will ye submit your necks, and chuse to bend The supple knee? Who can in reason then or right assume Monarchie over such as live by right [ ] His equals, if in power and splendor less, In freedome equal? Thus farr his bold discourse without controule Had audience, when among the Seraphim Abdiel , then whom none with more zeale ador'd [ ] The Deitie , and divine commands obeid , Stood up, and in a flame of zeale severe The current of his fury thus oppos'd.
O argument blasphemous, false and proud! Words which no eare ever to hear in Heav'n [ ] Expected, least of all from thee, ingrate In place thy self so high above thy Peeres. Canst thou with impious obloquie condemne The just Decree of God, pronounc't and sworn, That to his only Son by right endu'd [ ] With Regal Scepter, every Soule in Heav'n Shall bend the knee, and in that honour due Confess him rightful King? Shalt thou give Law to God, shalt thou dispute With him the points of libertie , who made Thee what thou art, and formd the Pow'rs of Heav'n Such as he pleasd , and circumscrib'd thir being?
But to grant it thee unjust, That equal over equals Monarch Reigne : Thy self though great and glorious dost thou count, Or all Angelic Nature joind in one, Equal to him begotten Son, by whom [ ] As by his Word the mighty Father made All things, ev'n thee, and all the Spirits of Heav'n By him created in thir bright degrees, Crownd them with Glory, and to thir Glory nam'd Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Vertues , Powers, [ ] Essential Powers, nor by his Reign obscur'd , But more illustrious made, since he the Head One of our number thus reduc't becomes, His Laws our Laws, all honour to him done Returns our own.
Cease then this impious rage, [ ] And tempt not these; but hast'n to appease Th' incensed Father, and th' incensed Son, While Pardon may be found in time besought. So spake the fervent Angel, but his zeale None seconded, as out of season judg'd , [ ] Or singular and rash, whereat rejoic'd Th' Apostat , and more haughty thus repli'd. That we were formd then saist thou? We know no time when we were not as now; Know none before us, self-begot , self- rais'd [ ] By our own quick'ning power, when fatal course Had circl'd his full Orbe , the birth mature Of this our native Heav'n , Ethereal Sons.
Our puissance is our own, our own right hand Shall teach us highest deeds, by proof to try [ ] Who is our equal: then thou shalt behold Whether by supplication we intend Address, and to begirt th' Almighty Throne Beseeching or besieging. This report, These tidings carrie to th' anointed King; [ ] And fly, ere evil intercept thy flight.
He said, and as the sound of waters deep Hoarce murmur echo'd to his words applause Through the infinite Host, nor less for that The flaming Seraph fearless, though alone [ ] Encompass'd round with foes, thus answerd bold. O alienate from God, O spirit accurst , Forsak'n of all good; I see thy fall Determind , and thy hapless crew involv'd In this perfidious fraud, contagion spred [ ] Both of thy crime and punishment: henceforth No more be troubl'd how to quit the yoke Of Gods Messiah ; those indulgent Laws Will not now be voutsaf't , other Decrees Against thee are gon forth without recall; [ ] That Golden Scepter which thou didst reject Is now an Iron Rod to bruise and breake Thy disobedience.
Well thou didst advise, Yet not for thy advise or threats I fly These wicked Tents devoted, least the wrauth [ ] Impendent, raging into sudden flame Distinguish not: for soon expect to feel His Thunder on thy head, devouring fire. Then who created thee lamenting learne , When who can uncreate thee thou shalt know.
Inscriptions as early as Mycenaean times, and continuing into the Classical period , attest to Enyalios as another name for the god of war. Ares was one of the Twelve Olympians in the archaic tradition represented by the Iliad and Odyssey. Zeus expresses a recurring Greek revulsion toward the god when Ares returns wounded and complaining from the battlefield at Troy :.
Then looking at him darkly Zeus who gathers the clouds spoke to him: "Do not sit beside me and whine, you double-faced liar. To me you are the most hateful of all gods who hold Olympus. Forever quarrelling is dear to your heart, wars and battles.
Between Heaven and Earth
And yet I will not long endure to see you in pain, since you are my child, and it was to me that your mother bore you. But were you born of some other god and proved so ruinous long since you would have been dropped beneath the gods of the bright sky. This ambivalence is expressed also in the Greeks' association of Ares with the Thracians , whom they regarded as a barbarous and warlike people.
A late-6th-century BC funerary inscription from Attica emphasizes the consequences of coming under Ares's sway:. Stay and mourn at the tomb of dead Kroisos Whom raging Ares destroyed one day, fighting in the foremost ranks. In Sparta , Ares was viewed as a model soldier: his resilience, physical strength, and military intelligence were unrivaled.
An ancient statue, representing the god in chains, suggests that the martial spirit and victory were to be kept in the city of Sparta. That the Spartans admired him is indicative of the cultural divisions that existed between themselves and other Greeks, especially the Athenians see Pelopponesian War. Ares was also worshipped by the inhabitants of Tylos. It is not known if he was worshipped in the form of an Arabian god or which one or if he was worshipped in his Greek form.
According to Herodotus ' Histories , the Scythians worshipped a god he equated with the Greek Ares; unlike most other Scythian gods , he does not offer the indigenous name for this deity. While ranking beneath Tabiti , Api and Papaios in the divine hierarchy, this god was apparently worshipped differently from other Scythian gods, with statues and complex altars devoted to him.
This type of worship is noted to be present among the Alans.
The Eyrie | Game of Thrones Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia
Noting how Greek mythological Amazons are devotees of Ares and most likely based on Scythian warriors, some researchers have considered the possibility that a Scythian warrior women cult of this deity existed. The birds of Ares Ornithes Areioi were a flock of feather-dart-dropping birds that guarded the Amazons ' shrine of the god on a coastal island in the Black Sea. Although Ares received occasional sacrifice from armies going to war, the god had a formal temple and cult at only a few sites. Just east of Sparta stood an archaic statue of Ares in chains, to show that the spirit of war and victory was to be kept in the city.
The Temple of Ares in the agora of Athens , which Pausanias saw in the second century AD, had been moved and rededicated there during the time of Augustus. Essentially, it was a Roman temple to the Augustan Mars Ultor. Paul the Apostle later preached about Christianity there. Its connection with Ares, perhaps based on a false etymology, is etiological myth. Deimos "Terror" or "Dread" , and Phobos "Fear" , are his companions in war. In at least one tradition, Enyalius, rather than another name for Ares, was his son by Enyo.
Ares may also be accompanied by Kydoimos , the demon of the din of battle; the Makhai "Battles" ; the "Hysminai" "Acts of manslaughter" ; Polemos , a minor spirit of war, or only an epithet of Ares, since it has no specific dominion; and Polemos's daughter, Alala , the goddess or personification of the Greek war-cry, whose name Ares uses as his own war-cry. Ares's sister Hebe "Youth" also draws baths for him.
According to Pausanias , local inhabitants of Therapne , Sparta , recognized Thero , "feral, savage," as a nurse of Ares. While Eros's and Anteros's godly stations favored their mother, Adrestia preferred to emulate her father, often accompanying him to war. Upon one occasion, Ares incurred the anger of Poseidon by slaying his son, Halirrhothius , because he had raped Alcippe, a daughter of the war-god.
For this deed, Poseidon summoned Ares to appear before the tribunal of the Olympic gods, which was held upon a hill in Athens. Ares was acquitted. This event is supposed to have given rise to the name Areopagus or Hill of Ares , which afterward became famous as the site of a court of justice. Heracles slaughtered this abominable monstrosity, engendering the wrath of Ares, whom the hero wounded in conflict. One of the roles of Ares was expressed in mainland Greece as the founding myth of Thebes: Ares was the progenitor of the water-dragon slain by Cadmus , for the dragon's teeth were sown into the ground as if a crop and sprang up as the fully armored autochthonic Spartoi.
In this way, Cadmus harmonized all strife and founded the city of Thebes. In the tale sung by the bard in the hall of Alcinous ,  the Sun-god Helios once spied Ares and Aphrodite enjoying each other secretly in the hall of Hephaestus , her husband. He reported the incident to Hephaestus.
Contriving to catch the illicit couple in the act, Hephaestus fashioned a finely-knitted and nearly invisible net with which to snare them. At the appropriate time, this net was sprung, and trapped Ares and Aphrodite locked in very private embrace.
But Hephaestus was not satisfied with his revenge, so he invited the Olympian gods and goddesses to view the unfortunate pair. For the sake of modesty, the goddesses demurred, but the male gods went to witness the sight. Some commented on the beauty of Aphrodite, others remarked that they would eagerly trade places with Ares, but all who were present mocked the two.
Once the couple was released, the embarrassed Ares returned to his homeland, Thrace, and Aphrodite went to Paphos. In a much later interpolated detail, Ares put the young soldier Alectryon by his door to warn them of Helios's arrival as Helios would tell Hephaestus of Aphrodite's infidelity if the two were discovered, but Alectryon fell asleep on guard duty. The furious Ares turned the sleepy Alectryon into a rooster which now always announces the arrival of the sun in the morning. In one archaic myth, related only in the Iliad by the goddess Dione to her daughter Aphrodite, two chthonic giants, the Aloadae , named Otus and Ephialtes, threw Ares into chains and put him in a bronze urn, where he remained for thirteen months, a lunar year.
Ares was held screaming and howling in the urn until Hermes rescued him, and Artemis tricked the Aloadae into slaying each other.