Some of the major movements were:. A Church hierarchy seems to have developed by the late 1st century and early 2nd century. Roger Haight posits the development of ecclesiology in the form of "Early Catholicism" as one response to the problem of church unity. Thus, the solution to division arising from heterodox teaching was the development of "tighter and more standardized structures of ministry.
One of these structures is the tri-partite form of church leadership consisting of episkopoi overseers ; presbyteroi elders ,  as was the case with Jewish communities; and diakonoi ministerial servants.
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Presbyters were ordained and assisted the bishop; as Christianity spread, especially in rural areas, the presbyters exercised more responsibilities and took distinctive shape as priests. Deacons also performed certain duties, such as tending to the poor and sick. Ignatius of Antioch urged churches to adopt this structure, writing that "You cannot have a church without these. Over the course of the second century, this organizational structure became universal and continues to be used in the Catholic, Orthodox and Anglican churches as well as in some Protestant denominations.
Jerusalem was the first church and an important church center up to Constantinople came into prominence only after the early Christian period, being founded officially in , five years after the First Council of Nicaea, though the much smaller original city of Byzantium was an early center of Christianity largely due to its proximity to Anatolia.
By the end of the early Christian period, the church within the Roman Empire had hundreds of bishops, some of them Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, "other provinces" holding some form of jurisdiction over others. Christianity spread to Aramaic -speaking peoples along the Mediterranean coast and also to the inland parts of the Roman Empire ,  and beyond that into the Parthian Empire and the later Sasanian Empire , including Mesopotamia , which was dominated at different times and to varying extents by these empires, and possibly into India.
Various theories attempt to explain how Christianity managed to spread so successfully prior to the Edict of Milan According to Rodney Stark , Christianity replaced paganism chiefly because it improved the lives of its adherents in various ways. Ehrman , Christianity offered a powerful alternative to the Roman religions, with its promise of salvation and a better, eternal life, and its powerful God.
Its demand for exclusive adherence, and conversions of whole households, also contributed to its strength. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Early Christianity. Main article: Origins of Christianity. See also: Historical background of the New Testament. See also: Gospels. Main articles: Historical Jesus and Quest for the historical Jesus.
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Main article: Apostolic Age. See also: Classical antiquity. Main article: Jewish Christian. Main articles: Apostolic Age and Christianity in the 1st century. See also: Great Commission and Early centers of Christianity. Main article: Split of early Christianity and Judaism. Main articles: Ante-Nicene Period , Christianity in the 2nd century , and Christianity in the 3rd century. Main article: Diversity in early Christian theology. Main articles: Proto-orthodox Christianity and Ecclesiology. See also: Early centers of Christianity. Christianity portal History portal.
Some English translations of the New Testament capitalize 'the Way' e. Only one is mentioned in the Synoptics. Both outlines are plausible, but a ministry of more than two years leaves more questions unanswered than does one of a few months. The term seems to have passed from an original local and chiefly political sense, in which it was used as early as BC, to a technical and religious meaning in the Judaism of the New Testament epoch. Once the "gentile Christian" trend won out, and the teaching of Paul became accepted as expressing the doctrine of the Church , the Jewish Christian groups were pushed to the margin and ultimately excluded as heretical.
Being rejected both by normative Judaism and the Church, they ultimately disappeared. Nevertheless, several Jewish Christian sects such as the Nazarenes , Ebionites , Elchasaites , and others existed for some time, and a few of them seem to have endured for several centuries. Some sects saw in Jesus mainly a prophet and not the "Christ," others seem to have believed in him as the Messiah, but did not draw the christological and other conclusions that subsequently became fundamental in the teaching of the Church the divinity of the Christ, trinitarian conception of the Godhead , abrogation of the Law.
After the disappearance of the early Jewish Christian sects and the triumph of gentile Christianity, to become a Christian meant, for a Jew, to apostatize and to leave the Jewish community. Peterson , "Christianus. The Cambridge History of Christianity. Cambridge University Press. Jesus: Apocalyptic Prophet of the New Millennium. Oxford University Press, Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity. Gorgias Press LLC.
History of early Christianity - Wikipedia
Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 6 October Continuum International Publishing Group. Retrieved 26 October Likewise in Antioch and the other provinces, let the Churches retain their privileges. And this is to be universally understood, that if any one be made bishop without the consent of the Metropolitan, the great Synod has declared that such a man ought not to be a bishop And when our basic needs are not being met, we feel threatened and anxious.
Most Christians share the belief that God is sovereign and in control of our lives. We believe he has given us everything we need for living. So, when stress dominates our lives, somewhere along the way we have lost our ability to trust in God. That's not meant to imply that a stress-free existence in Christ is easy to obtain. Far from it. Maybe you've heard these words from another Christian in one of your moments of stress: "What you need to do, bro, is just trust God more.
History of early Christianity
Stress and anxiety for a Christian can take on many different shapes and forms. It can be as simple and subtle as slowly backsliding away from God or as debilitating as a full-blown panic attack. Regardless, stress will wear us down physically, emotionally, and spiritually. We need to be armed with a plan for dealing with it. If you know something is seriously wrong, the fastest way to the solution is to admit you have a problem.
Sometimes it's not easy to admit you're barely hanging on by a thread and can't seem to manage your own life. Recognizing the problem requires honest self-evaluation and humble confession. Psalm says, "Yes, what joy for those whose record the Lord has cleared of guilt, whose lives are lived in complete honesty! Stop beating yourself up. Here's a news flash: you are human, not 'Super Christian. The bottom line, we need to turn to God and to others for help. Now that you've identified the problem you can take steps to care for yourself and get the appropriate help.
If you're not getting enough rest, take time to restore your physical body. Eat a proper diet, get regular exercise, and start learning how to balance work, ministry, and family time. You may need to find a support system of friends who have "been there" and understand what you're going through.
If you're sick, or working through a loss or tragedy, you may need to step back from your normal responsibilities. Give yourself time and space to heal. Salvation is the beginning step in living a Christian life. In John , Jesus said, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. This is the essence of how to live a Christian life. Our relationship, commitment, and obedience are done out of love, not constraint.
John says, "Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him. Instead, the Christian life is characterized by: Understanding that you are a new creation! Romans says, "Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind.
Then you will be able to test and approve what God's will is - his good, pleasing and perfect will. Philippians says, "Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit, but in humility consider others better than yourselves. Each of you should look not only to your own interests, but also to the interests of others. Jesus taught: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.