Pongo anche un accento essenziale sul prolungamento e miglioramento degli orari di apertura di istituzioni per la custodia dei bambini. Per cambiare questa situazione vedo essenzialmente due vie: da una parte lo Stato deve richiamare al dovere le imprese. Il caso della Norvegia mostra una percentuale di donne funziona.
Sono tuttavia profondamente convinta che in Stiria ci sia una moltitudine di donne altamente qualificate che sarebbero state adatte per queste posizioni. Le donne si sentono ancora sempre responsabili come le manager uniche della famiglia. Attualmente noto addirittura un rafforzamento della tendenza: giovani donne e ragazze sono meno emancipate di quanto lo fossero le madri.
Pensate alla candidata americana dei Repubblicani per la carica di vicepresidentessa. Quale messaggio ha inviato a uomini e donne? Disponiamo di nove consultori per donne e ragazze. Il decimo sta per nascere. Una situazione gradita. Tutte le esperienze e conoscenze dei tanti incontri durante il tour confluiscono ora in un catalogo autonomo con le richieste per le donne im tutti i distretti della Stiria.
Biester u. Max Weber zufolge bildet sich der politische Verband im gewaltsamen Gemeinschaftshandeln. Politische Mitbestimmung in Form des Wahlrechts wird an die Steuerleistung gebunden. Ucakar , ff. Geschlechtsneutrale Budgets? Staatsbudgets sind maskuline Traditionen und Geschlechterhierarchien folglich eingeschrieben.
Bakker , 8f. BMF , 55ff. Als besonders problematisch gilt hierbei etwa das Kindergeld. Dolle-Helms , 37 Diese Beispiele zeigen strukturelle Benachteiligungen von Frauen infolge der Erwerbszentriertheit des Sozialsystems und Ambivalenzen sozialpolitischer Anerkennung von Versorgungsarbeit. Schon setzte die australische Regierung auf Betreiben von Frauen-Beauftragten die weltweit erste Gender-Budget-Initiative auf nationaler wie einzelstaatlicher Ebene. Auch wenn sich mittlerweile in einer Vielzahl von Staaten — von Schweden bis Tansania — Gender-Budget-Initiativen etabliert haben , erfuhr Gender Budgeting erst in den letzten Jahren weite Verbreitung.
Noch handelt es sich um ein neues, sich rasch entwickelndes Feld. Weiters setzte sich die Aktionsplattform der 4.
papplpoin - German to Italian translator. - italian, translation, Vorträge
Der entsprechende im Dezember an alle 44 Mitgliedstaaten ausgeschickte Fragebogen zu Gender-Budget-Initiativen brachte nur sieben positive Antworten. Gender Budgeting impliziert folglich stets gleichstellungsorientierte Politik-Evaluierung, entsprechende qualitative Analyse und mittelfristig gleichstellungsorientierte wirtschaftspolitische Rahmensetzung. Zeitverwendungsanalysen untersuchen Auswirkungen von Budgetallokationen auf Zeitbudgets.
Effektives Gender Mainstreaming im Bereich Wirtschaftspolitik und gender-sensitive mittelfristige wirtschaftspolitische Rahmenprogramme stellen hierbei wesentliche Ansatzpunkte dar. Die zugrundeliegende Apologie des Marktprinzips stellt nicht nur Redistribution in Frage, sondern tabuisiert staatliche Regulation zunehmend. Transfers an die jeweils Betroffenen anstelle etwa von Investitionen im Bereich der Kinder- und Altenbetreuung schreiben die bestehende geschlechtliche Arbeitsteilung fest. Schunter-Kleemann Ohne entsprechende Rahmenbedingungen aber wird auch Gender Budgeting kaum angestrebte Gleichstellungsziele erreichen.
Literatur Appelt, Erna : Familialismus. Staat, Wien, Bakker, Isabella , Hg. Gender and Economic Policy, London. Feministische Arbeitshefte zur Politik 9, Staatsfinanzen aus Geschlechterperspektive, Wien. Bellamy, Kate : Gender Budgeting. Bergmann, Nadja u. Handbuch zur Umsetzung geschlechtergerechter Budgetgestaltung, Wien. Biester, Elke u. Gender and Economic Policy, London, Kreisky, Eva : Das Geschlecht politischer Institutionen.
Kreisky, Eva : Diskreter Maskulinismus. Eine Bibliographie mit Kommentaren und Zusammenfassungen, Bern. Michalitsch, Gabriele : Jenseits des homo oeconomicus? Michalitsch, Gabriele : Engendering Economics. Rake, Katherine : Gender Budgets. Frauenbericht , Wien, Soziale Leistungen in der Diskussion, Linz, Zur Entwicklung von politischer Partizipation und staatlicher Legitimationspolitik, Wien.
Michalitsch, Gabriele : Geschlechterpolitische Defizite. Esse interpretano lo stato moderno come istituzione fatta di uomini per gli uomini, riferendosi, a tal proposito, alla costruzione di tale stato, alla genesi affratellante al maschile, al processo costitutivo a livello storico, alle strutture organizzative e ad assetti di interessi. Biester e a.
Interpretare le finanze pubbliche come forma di cristallizzazione dello stato moderno dischiude, di conseguenza, maschilismi inerenti ai bilanci. Il costituirsi di elementi comuni avviene attraverso la cittadinanza. Il principe, incarnazione dello Stato, esaltazione apoteotica della figura del pater familias, funge dapprima da elemento unificante.
Per tener a bada un rafforzamento politico dei principi stabilirono che le uscite del principe fossero da coprire con la Camerale, con gli introiti demaniali e quelli derivanti da regalie come pure pedaggi e dogane, mentre la Contribuzionale rappresentava solamente una prestazione dei ceti da autorizzare in base al caso. Non tutti, tuttavia, riescono a diventare cittadini. Rappresentanti delle prime quattro curie potevano per esempio dare il proprio voto anche nella quinta curia. Ucakar , ss. Garantiscono entrate allo stato, che rendono possibili spese per le istituzioni statali centrali: esercito e burocrazia.
Funge da meccanismo di trasmissione tra reti maschili dello stato ed economia formatasi secondo un principio di rete maschile e il bilancio serve alla reciproca salvaguardia del potere. Bilanci strumenti neutri di genere? I bilanci statali sono tradizioni declinate al maschile e ascritti di conseguenza a gerarchie legate a differenze di sesso. Le entrate e le uscite pubbliche riflettono e riproducono relazioni tra i due sessi connesse come sono ad una moltitudine di effetti di genere. UNDP Massicce differenze di reddito e contesti di vita divergenti influenzano la tassazione relativamente al genere.
Imposte indirette , dipendenti dal consumo, hanno effetti tendenzialmente regressivi. Le imposte sul consumo colpiscono maggiormente le donne a causa del modesto reddito di mercato se paragonato a quello degli uomini. Le donne, dovendo rispondere da sole del menage familiare, devono, inoltre, adeguare il consumo domestico alla tassazione e devono controbilanciare gli aumenti delle imposte, riducendo ulteriormente i consumi nel privato.
Bakker , 8 sg. Per cui le imposte dirette, come imposte sul salario e tasse sul reddito, colpiscono maggiormente le fascie di reddito alte. Gli effetti della progressione della tassazione di salari e redditi viene, tuttavia, spesso indebolita da discipline speciali. BMF , 55ss. Pur mancando dati di genere dei redditi da capitale, essi dovrebbero preminentemente andare agli uomini. Contrariamente alla tassazione progressiva dei redditi, i redditi da capitale vengono, tuttavia, tassati in misura proporzionale come gli interessi e i dividendi.
OCSE Tali valori rappresentano solo una frazione del valore di mercato. BMF , Infine, che un uomo su 7, ma solo una donna su 24, abbia percepito uno stipendio superiore al massimale contributivo, rivela la dimensione di genere di questa regolamentazione.
Überraschende Befunde für den „Krisenkontinent“
Son le donne che tuttavia svolgono gran parte del lavoro di cura non retribuito, che in relazione ad interruzioni lavorative, conduce a massicce perdite perequitarie di reddito attraverso dei trasferimenti sociali. Rosenberger I diritti derivati da matrimonio o coabitazione e il puntuale riconoscimento del lavoro familiare di cura reagiscono su contesti vitali delle donne e, tuttavia, li sanciscono allo stesso tempo. Da questa regolamentazione ne derivano vantaggi fiscali soprattutto a partire da un reddito annuo di circa CoE Il gender budgeting- inteso come applicazione del principio di gender manstreaming- integra la prospettiva di genere a tutti i livelli della procedura di bilancio tenendo conto del suo possibile impatto sul genere.
Il gender budgeting deve, inoltre, costruire la consapevolezza per aspetti di genere e per il funzionamento di uscite ed entrate pubbliche. Il Salisburgo e il Burgenland hanno annunciato intenzioni simili, a Vienna i Verdi svolgono analisi in tre bilanci distrettuali. Esistono inoltre delle iniziative di gender-budget in alcune cittadine e alcuni comuni. Per iniziativa di incaricate governative il governo australiano promosse nel la prima iniziativa mondiale di gender-budget a livello nazionale come pure a livello statale unico. La creazione di "bilanci rosa" significava un auditing per genere del bilancio statale, che veniva presentato come parte del bilancio complessivo.
Si tratta di un campo nuovo e in rapida evoluzione. Organizzano conferenze, promuovono la ricerca e la pubblicazione dei suoi risultati, sostengono iniziative di gender budget a livello nazionale e regionale, sia nella consulenza che nel reperimento di finanziamenti. CoE La maggior parte delle iniziative di gender budget svolgono progetti pilota o si trovano nello stadio progettuale. I metodi di analisi di bilancio, adeguati a contesti nazionali, regionali o locali, vengono focalizzati preminentemente sulle differenze di genere.
Le analisi degli indici fiscali e di quelli delle spese esaminano chi sostiene gli oneri fiscali e chi beneficia di spese specifiche. Le valutazioni di impatto rispetto al sesso Gender Impact Assessments [GIA] vengono utilizzati come strumento esaustivo per la valutazione ex ante del bilancio, tengono conto in modo esaustivo di impatti di bilancio a lungo e medio termine, integrando la distribuzione di risorse, dei ruoli e delle norme di genere o ordinamento simbolico.
Inoltre, benchmarks e budget statement di genere possono servire da strumenti di gender budgeting. Una conseguente formazione — soprattutto in ambito amministrativo — linee guida e check lists sono in grado di promuovere la messa in esecuzione di bilanci sensibili al genere.
Pensioni private e assistenza vengono fortemente personalizzate, i confini tra il privato e il pubblico vengono nuovamente tracciati e vengono suffragati i loro inquadramenti tradizionali di genere cfr. Schunter-Kleemann Il gender budgeting va inteso in interazione con un gender mainstreaming efficace, come parte di politica esaustiva, collocata in relativi discorsi pubblici, capace di portare avanti la decostruzione dei sessi e la pluralizzazione di modelli di vita. Bellamy, Kate : Gender budgeting. Compendio di economia sociale. Tutte le attrezzature in uso alla Compagnia dei Folli sono collaudate e a norma e verranno utilizzate rispettando le norme di sicurezza.
Condizioni generali di fornitura : Vengono concordate tra le parti le seguenti condizioni di fornitura: A Consegne — I termini di consegna sono indicativi e non impegnano la venditrice. E Premi — I premi eventualmente accordati maturano e diventano liquidabili soltanto dopo che tutte le forniture siano state integralmente pagate. Naturalmente in questo caso i termini di consegna del contratto originale restano prorogati per un periodo corrispondente alla sospensione.
Obblighi del Concessionario. Il concessionario assume a suo carico l'obbligo di svolgere ogni miglior sforzo per realizzare l'introduzione nel mercato, la vendita e il servizio dopo vendita nella sua zona dei prodotti oggetto del presente contratto. Il contratto ed i diritti nascenti dal contratto non sono cedibili senza consenso della controparte.
Disciplina : Per tutti i casi non contemplati qui sopra vale quanto stabilito dalle leggi italiane e, in mancanza dagli usi riconosciuti sulla piazza di Treviso. British English American English knockout method. Knock-out Verfahren. Are you missing a word, phrase or translation? Submit a new entry. Compile a new entry. British English American English rudimentary method. British English American English preservation method. Konservierungsmethode f. British English American English scientific method.
Show more. British English American English contraceptive method. Fifo-Methode f. British English American English irregular method. British English American English rounding method. Rundungsverfahren nt. British English American English backup method. British English American English obsolete method. British English American English calculation method. Berechnungsverfahren nt. British English American English this method never fails. British English American English form [ or method ] of contraception. Show less.
Examples from the Internet not verified by PONS Editors Many women in developing countries would like to have fewer children than they actually do. About million of them have still no access to modern methods of contraception. This results in million unwanted pregnancies and 52 million abortions annually. In South Ethiopia, clan chief Kalla Gezahegn is attempting to resolve conflicts with traditional and new methods.
Rwanda: www. Ruanda: www. Contact www. Source: ttz Bremerhaven www. Quelle: ttz Bremerhaven www. This class provides all methods other classes need to access the subsystem. As an example, let s consider a search request handled by the legacy system Figure 3 : www. There is currently a lack of the instruments, methods and structures required for drafting high-quality standards and laws.
In two districts, farms using modern methods to grow fruit and vegetables are now earning adequate incomes. Training teachers in methods for working with autistic children. Farmers have adopted appropriate farming methods , while communities, schools and households have an increased level of awareness and preparedness. Approach The project combines efforts to restore the livelihoods and means of production destroyed by the two cyclones of and , with approaches for medium- and long-term adaptation to climate change.
Bauern setzen angemessene landwirtschaftliche Verfahren ein; Gemeinden, Schulen und Haushalte sind besser informiert und vorbereitet. This includes both microscopy techniques that allow a view of molecules and structures have in the living cell, a variety of spectroscopic methods for diagnosis, as well as the use of optical technologies in therapy, for example in ophthalmology.
CeMOP www. In addition to indirect methods , which use existing official statistical data to estimate the scale of informal employment, there are a number of direct methods for gathering data: Targeted surveys, which include only companies and workers operating within the informal economy. More transparency during leather processing thanks to efficient data management The EXPERT scan software gives you complete transparency at the incoming goods stage and during further processing of the hides in your company.
For the optimum identification of your hides, Expert Systemtechnik offers you two different methods , depending on the number of hides to be processed: a static and an automated, CAD-controlled method. The combination of concepts and methods from the field of microsystems technology and biotechnology allows the provision of novel and highly parallelized analysis methods and cultivation techniques that do not require macroscopic devices such as incubators and microscopes.
Through a clever combination of transparent microstructured substrates with electrically conductive electrode structures and fluidic microchannels, tens of thousands of cells, for example, can be arranged with a precisely defined position in a two-dimensional array. The computer art of the s led to new artistic methods and practices, such as generative design, network art and interactive mixed media installations.
Many of the new developments from this period are now integrated in controllers for games consoles, video games and web design applications. Because it can detect dangerous arterial plaque earlier than any other method , it is expected that this breakthrough could save numerous lives when it is approved for deployment in hospitals and research centers. Its portfolio of services ranges from architectural planning and technical equipping of the buildings to the development of curricula and teaching methods , as well as budgeting. Im September begann der Schulbetrieb mit knapp eingeschriebenen Studenten.
Finally, curricula and teaching methods in vocational education and training institutions within the formal education system are not generally geared to the needs of the informal economy. Numerous studies have been carried out into the influence of formal vocational qualifications on employment and income in developing countries, with contradictory findings.
In contrast to past training sessions, which were structured as lectures, trainers are now using new teaching methods and making the sessions more practice-oriented with exercises and case studies. The participants learn how to react to acute disaster situations faster and in a more structured manner. Die Teilnehmer werden so darin geschult, in akuten Katastrophensituationen schneller und strukturierter zu agieren.
Instead of the usual lecture-style teaching, the programme uses interactive teaching methods such as group work and a hands-on approach to learning material. The teaching staff must first familiarise themselves with this new approach. These values are imparted to young people using innovative, intercultural teaching methods as part of a civic education campaign. This educational work is targeted primarily at students because they will play an important role as social and political players in the future.
Im Rahmen einer politischen Bildungskampagne werden den Jugendlichen mittels innovativer, interkultureller Lehrmethoden diese Werte vermittelt. Our passion for teaching, our modern teaching methods and our dedication to provide an efficient and personal service means that a language course with us will be an enriching experience. Reasons for Studying www. The entry has been added to your favourites. You are not signed in.
Please sign in or register for free if you want to use this function. An error has occured. Please try again. Thank you! Your message has now been forwarded to the PONS editorial department. Close Send feedback. How can I copy translations to the vocabulary trainer? Collect the vocabulary that you want to remember while using the dictionary. The items that you have collected will be displayed under "Vocabulary List". If you want to copy vocabulary items to the vocabulary trainer, click on "Import" in the vocabulary list.
How do I find the new sentence examples? Many women in developing countries would like to have fewer children than they actually do. In each phase, manufacturers use various methods to identify key findings for optimal product development. The prince of peace — In places where a lot of people are vying for scarce resources, life is seldom peaceful. The EU programmes support the Egyptian people and the most vulnerable among them. Betreft: Amerikaanse president ondertekent anti-ETS-wet. Heeft deze Amerikaanse wet, die eerder al in het Huis van Afgevaardigden en de Senaat is aangenomen, volgens de Commissie een rol gespeeld bij de opschorting van ETS?
De Commissie is er dan ook van overtuigd dat op de algemene vergadering van de ICAO in september aanzienlijke vooruitgang kan worden geboekt in het bereiken van een wereldwijd akkoord over marktgebaseerde maatregelen. Zelfs als het. Does the Commission consider this American legislation, already adopted in the House of Representatives and the Senate, to have been in any way instrumental regarding the postponement of the ETS? If not, why not? Transportation Secretary the discretion to prohibit U.
Even if the. The Commission recognises the importance of cooperative banks and the valuable contribution they make to local communities. The final definition and calibration of the short term liquidity coverage ratio LCR has still to be determined. In adopting the delegated act for the LCR, the Commission will take into account internationally agreed standards for liquidity supervision such as the Basel III liquidity requirements which have still to be fully specified.
In particular, in its report EBA shall consider whether the LCR is likely to have a material detrimental impact on the business and risk profile of Union institutions or on financial markets or the economy and bank lending. In this way the particularities of cooperative banks will be taken into account. Rather this would seem unlikely since the objective is to create a single rulebook with a level playing field for all banks. However, it should be noted that under the Basel III liquidity rules, a general progressive implementation of the LCR from to is envisaged.
Dies trifft insbesondere auf die neuen Spielautomaten-Regelungen zu. Juli in Kraft getreten ist. So far, the Commission has not been able to conclusively examine whether the restrictions are either appropriate or necessary, not to mention proportionate. Furthermore, the First Modification to the German State Treaty on Gambling allows the federal states a great deal of discretion in relation to the framing of the state transposition and implementation laws.
For this reason, there is an urgent need for full notification of the First Modification of the State Treaty on Gambling, including the associated transposition and implementation laws as a general construct. This relates in particular to the new regulations on gaming machines. Is the Commission already aware of the transposition and implementation laws of the First Modification to the German State Treaty on Gambling of the German federal states? If so, what are the consequences of failure to fulfil this notification obligation?
In order to implement the Treaty the Federal States need to adopt implementing acts at Federal State level. All 15 Federal States have adopted or are in the process of adopting such acts. Such breach would result in a possibility for the Commission to launch infringement proceedings, as appropriate. Les menaces et les attaques informatiques contre les organes gouvernementaux, administratifs, militaires et internationaux se multiplient.
A-t-elle l'intention de le faire? Cyber threats and attacks against governmental, administrative, military and international bodies are on the rise. Does the Commission intend to unambiguously recognise digital freedoms as fundamental rights and essential conditions for the universal exercise of human rights? Does the Commission intend to encourage Member States to make a distinction, within their legislation, between civil and military cyber incidents?
Does the Commission intend to draft a White Paper on defending cyberspace, establishing clear definitions and criteria allowing for a distinction to be made between the various levels of cyber attacks in civil and military fields, depending on their motivation and consequences, and also between the different response levels, including the search for and detection of perpetrators and proceedings against them?
Why has the Commission still not created a post for the coordination of cyber security in the European Union? Does it intend to do so?
- Danke schön.
- Ti ipermaho - Score.
- Revenge of the Vegetarian: A Humorous Spin on the World of Vegetarianism!
How does the Commission intend to promote the overall safe use of the Internet and information and communication technology systems and make individuals and companies aware of this issue? Should European institutions not be launching a Europe-wide public initiative for educational purposes or the promotion of cyber security in school curricula? With regard to the private sector, does the Commission intend to encourage the private sector and civil society actors to include the management of cyber crises in their crisis management and risk analysis plans?
Is the Commission doing so itself? The Commission shares the views of the Honourable Member on the fact that cybersecurity threats, be it accidental or malicious, pose significant challenges to the prosperity of our economy and society. To address this problem in a comprehensive way an EU Cybersecurity Strategy is currently being elaborated. For some time, Members of the European Parliament have been concerned at the deteriorating situation of immigrants in Greece. Human rights organisations emphasise that the situation is worsening and that conditions are gradually deteriorating in refugee camps and detention centres, with whole neighbourhoods being occupied and turned into open-air dormitories; there is an increase in illegal immigration and, above all, in violence perpetrated by armed groups which seem intent on reproducing the tragic events of the Weimar Republic.
Intimidation of artists, homosexuals and other groups is increasing on a daily basis. What measures it is adopting in order to collaborate with the Greek authorities and prevent illegal immigration? Whether it considers that measures and assistance, such as from the European Refugee Fund, should be stepped up, in order to provide immigrants with minimally decent conditions which respect their fundamental human rights?
The Commission is committed to support Greece in efficiently managing its external borders and addressing the high influx of irregular migrants. The Commission is concerned about the situation of migrants, including asylum-seekers, in Greece, in particular regarding the level of reception conditions available in detention facilities and has shared these concerns with the Greek authorities several times.
The Commission has also emphasised to the Greek authorities the need to make efforts to ensure maximum absorption of these funds. The Greek authorities are in the process of revising their national Action Plan on Migration and Asylum. This will include measures aimed at addressing current deficiencies and will identify areas where the support of Member States, Union agencies and international organisations is needed to facilitate the reform of the Greek asylum and migration policy.
The Commission continues to encourage relevant stakeholders to provide support to Greece and is actively involved in coordinating this process. Wenn ja, in welchen Mitgliedstaaten und in welchen Fachbereichen gibt es nach Informationen der Kommission eine solche Entwicklung?
Der Kommission ist bekannt, dass die Notenvergabe in den einzelnen nationalen Bildungssystemen unterschiedlich gehandhabt wird. If so, in which Member States and in which subjects does such a development apply according to the information available to the Commission? Are there plans to commission a comparative study of developments in the grades awarded at higher education institutions in the European Union?
For example, are efforts being made as part of the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System ECTS to adjust the criteria for awarding grades in higher education institutions within the European Union and to make them easier to compare? The Commission is aware of differences between grading practices in national education systems. These differences are rooted in the pedagogical and cultural traditions of the different systems. The Commission believes that it is important to make these differences transparent so that grades attributed in all countries, institutions or subject areas can be properly understood across borders.
When included in the Transcript of Records and Diploma Supplements of the students, the table facilitates the interpretation of each grade awarded. The Commission is facilitating the work of a group of national experts on this topic which is due to make proposals to Education Ministers at the end of In the framework of the Erasmus programme, the Commission has awarded a grant to a consortium, under the lead of the University of Gent Belgium , which aims to improve the understanding of grading cultures in Europe. One of the outputs of this project will be a set of country reports on grading systems in Europe.
The project will also formulate recommendations on the effective use of grading tables across Europe. The project has just started and will be finalised in the second half of Am November kam es in Myanmar nahe der Stadt Shwebo zu einem schweren Erdbeben. Wenn ja, in welchem Umfang? Wenn nicht, wird dies noch erfolgen? Wenn ja, in welcher Form? Nein, nach dem Erdbeben war keine internationale Hilfe notwendig, da der entsprechende Bedarf durch die nationalen und regionalen Hilfsorganisationen — gemeinsam mit dem Roten Kreuz Myanmar — gedeckt wurde. Auch hier gab es kein Hilfeersuchen.
The quake, which measured 6. According to media reports, a number of important cultural sites were also destroyed or damaged. Has the Government of Myanmar made an official request for assistance from the European Union? Is the European Union providing financial or material assistance to Myanmar in the aftermath of the earthquake?
If so, how much? If not, is this going to happen? Is the European Union providing assistance for the restoration of cultural sites in Myanmar in the aftermath of the earthquake? If so, in what form? No, there was no need for international assistance after the earthquake, as the needs were — met by the national and regional relief services together with the Myanmar Red Cross.
It was found that no extra support was required. This is the first vulnerability research on seismic activities on this fault line, and seeks to identify practical guidelines for the population of each city on how to prepare for and respond to earthquakes. No, the European Union is not providing assistance for restoration of cultural sites in Myanmar, and no request was made in this context. Will the Commission explain the current state of discussions regarding the future use of formaldehyde and say when it is expected that decisions will be made that can provide an indication as to its future availability?
Can the Commission confirm that full attention is being paid to the current use of formaldehyde and products that use it as an active ingredient for the purpose of embalmment and the preservation of body parts? Can it also confirm the absolute necessity of ensuring that there is no disruption in the supply of products needed for this purpose? Can the Commission state what alternatives to products using formaldehyde are currently available and can achieve the same objectives? In the meantime, formaldehyde for use as an embalming agent can be placed on the market subject to Member States rules.
Upon completion of this evaluation and the possible approval of formaldehyde for use as an embalming agent, Member States will then have to grant, amend or cancel as the case may be authorisations to place products containing formaldehyde to be used as an embalming agent on their market in accordance with the provisions of the directive.
This process is a continuous one, therefore there should be no disruption in the supply of products if the substance is approved. Concerning the possible alternatives, there are currently 7 other substances under evaluation for the same use, including iodine, bronopol and some quaternary ammonium compounds.
Secondo la Confederazione venezuelana delle associazioni israelite, altri manifestanti avevano scandito slogan antisemiti e accusato gli ebrei per le violenze in Medio Oriente. Questa confederazione ebraica ha chiesto al presidente Hugo Chavez di garantire la sicurezza nelle sinagoghe. Nel un gruppo di persone si era introdotto nella stessa sinagoga, distruggendo oggetti religiosi e scrivendo slogan antisemiti con la vernice spray all'interno dell'edificio. Lo stesso anno erano state interrotte le relazioni tra Israele e il Venezuela a seguito del conflitto a Gaza.
This disrupted activities inside the synagogue and created panic among worshippers. According to the Venezuelan Confederation of Israelite Associations, other protesters shouted anti-Semitic slogans and condemned Jews for the violence in the Middle East. This Jewish confederation has asked President Hugo Chavez to ensure security at synagogues. In , a group of intruders broke into the same synagogue, shattering religious objects and spray painting anti-Semitic slogans in the building.
More worryingly, a computer database with the names and addresses of Jews was stolen. In the same year, relations were cut between Israel and Venezuela, as a result of the conflict in Gaza. Already in , after the Venezuelan government severed diplomatic ties with Israel in protest over its military offensive on the Gaza Strip, a group of intruders broke into the same synagogue.
Authorities later arrested 11 people, including eight police officers, for alleged involvement. The EU condemns all forms of intolerance and violence against persons because of their religion or belief, wherever it takes place. The EU stands ready to enhance its cooperation with governments to combat intolerance and protect human rights.
Progress Overlooked: The Case for More "Afropositivism"
The Commission has announced that the French city of Nantes has been awarded the title of European Green Capital This airport will see the expulsion of farmers and their families from the proposed site. The city of Nantes was appointed as the European Green Capital for , based on the analysis of a group of independent environmental experts in and of 12 indicators covering climate change and energy performance, sustainable local transport, air quality and noise levels, green urban areas and sustainable land use, promotion of nature and biodiversity, waste management, water consumption and waste water treatment, eco-innovation and sustainable employment as well as the environmental management practice of the local authority.
The Commission believes the European Green Capital Award EGCA initiative is a cost-effective way of having pioneering EU cities share their knowledge of global standards for urban sustainability and their innovative solutions to environmental challenges with the rest of Europe. La Commissione, con parere motivato adottato in esito alla procedura d'infrazione n. Si chiede alla Commissione quali misure ha adottato, o intende adottare, per assicurare l'osservanza del divieto imposto nel parere motivato e, nello specifico, per impedire che tali acquaviti non conformi al regolamento n.
Sinds is Palestina, als entiteit, waarnemer bij de VN. President Abbas wil die status in de Algemene Vergadering verhogen tot niet-lidstaat. Een dergelijke statuswijziging is echter in strijd met de Oslo-akkoorden van Deze onderhandelingen zouden uiteindelijk moeten leiden tot een wederzijdse erkenning van elkaars soevereiniteit. Acht de Commissie de eenzijdige aanvraag van de Palestijnen bij de VN tot statuswijziging verenigbaar met de Oslo-akkoorden van ? De Europese Unie heeft bij de Palestijnse leiders erop aangedrongen deze nieuwe status constructief te gebruiken.
Since , Palestine, as an entity, has been an observer at the UN. President Abbas wants that status to be upgraded in the General Assembly to non-member state. This change in status is, however, contrary to the Oslo Accords. Certain topics were specifically excluded from discussion in these Accords, such as the status of Jerusalem, the settlement policy and the demarcation of borders.
It was agreed that these issues were still to be negotiated in greater detail between the two parties. Does the Commission consider that the unilateral request by the Palestinians at the UN for a change in status is compatible with the Oslo Accords? The European Union has called on the Palestinian leadership to use constructively this new status. In , agreement was reached in the Council to abolish milk quotas as from Several Member States agreed to a compromise deal, on condition that all EU producers were covered by suitable measures to ensure a smooth transition towards an open market for dairy products.
The regulation on contractual relations in the milk sector only provides solutions for some of the problems faced by producers, leaving many aspects unresolved in practice and sparking fierce protests from producers, such as those seen recently. Since the milk market is to be fully opened to competition in , what steps will the Commission take to avert a crisis such as that in and ensure the stability and predictability of the milk sector?
The Milk Package, which followed the conclusions of the High Level Experts' Group on Milk, precisely aims at improving the position of milk producers in the dairy supply chain and preparing the sector for a more market-oriented and sustainable future, following the end of the quota system in Apart from the instruments introduced by the Milk Package, a number of other measures are available for the dairy sector: safety net measures in the form of market management tools and crisis mechanisms, direct payments for producers and rural development measures.
In addition in the light of the report foreseen in the Milk Package for , the Commission has launched this summer a call for tender to obtain a prospective analysis on the most likely evolution of the sector based on the viewpoints of a number of independent experts in the future context without quotas.
The study, which is expected to be finalised by the summer , will address the following two themes in particular:. The global economic crisis has increased trafficking in human beings everywhere, and Europe is no exception. Some Member States of the European Union are both countries of origin and countries of destination for trafficking.
Many of the victims are lured into travelling abroad by the promise of a better life and an escape from poverty. These promises are often baseless and lead to the person being exploited as slave labour in a factory or as a prostitute. Although the traffic in human beings affects every Member State of the Union, the compilation of statistics and collection of data on this topic is very fragmented, and as a result it is becoming more challenging to find a solution.
At present there is no EU-wide harmonised data collection, covering all the Member States, on the victims of human trafficking. Understanding the flows and trends of internal trafficking will be an important part of this work. Based on more detailed results of the analysis expected at the beginning of , the Commission will work with national rapporteurs to ensure comparable, reliable data are collected in the follow-up initiative covering the years and Results are expected in The Commission will also be aware that Daimler, after years of prevarication and obfuscation about how it intends to comply with the legislation on mobile air conditioning, has carried out a spurious test intended to demonstrate that under circumstances anticipated by no other manufacturer it is possible to ignite HFCyf at extremely high temperatures, and that it is now claiming that use of the product is unsafe.
Daimler, which claims to be a leader in the field of engineering, appears to have found itself utterly incapable and inadequate to the task of meeting the requirements of the legislation, although its competitors appear to have few such problems. The directive does not prescribe any particular refrigerant or system to fulfil this obligation. Exclusively due to supply problems of the gas HFO yf, the Commission has agreed not to launch infringement procedures in cases where the vehicle production would continue to be done with the Ra coolant.
The ban includes MAC systems using the gas Ra. Following this, the German authorities have proposed the Commission that an individual solution be found for the manufacturer which encountered safety problems with the use of the gas HFO yf in its vehicles. This request is still being analised by the Commission. This is a historic opportunity to move ahead towards the only possible solution to the conflict between Israel and Palestine: the definitive creation of a Palestinian state with pre borders. One of the main obstacles to the resolution of this conflict is the permanent impunity with which Israel behaves in the Occupied Territories.
Recognition of Palestine as an observer state could be of fundamental importance in denouncing and effectively prosecuting the war crimes committed by Israel. Such recognition of Palestine would be a real landmark in universal respect for human rights and a further step towards an end to impunity for war crimes in the region. What concrete measures does she intend to develop to achieve the recognition of Palestine as a full member of the United Nations?
Is she considering the possibility of freezing the EU-Israel Association Agreement until such time as the latter country respects the frontiers of the Palestinian State? Where settlements have been expanded she has consistently called on Israel to reverse such decisions. The EU has also consistently worked to advance the Palestinian Authority's state-building efforts and will continue to do so.
In this context, a negotiated solution to the conflict, leading to two states living side by side in peace and security is essential. Qu'en est-il? Si oui, la Commission compte-t-elle en faire la promotion? At the time, the Commission announced its intention to present a proposal for simplification of the regulation on the Statute for a European Cooperative Society.
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What progress has been made in this regard? However, so far, little progress seems to have been made in this regard. Where are we on this? Has an evaluation report been drafted? In accordance with the initiative, does the Commission plan to propose additional measures aimed at improving the operating conditions of cooperatives, mutual societies, associations and foundations in order to support the development of the social economy in general? Would it suggest that enterprises holding such a label should be subject to regular monitoring to ensure that the provisions defined in this label are respected?
If so, does the Commission intend to promote this? All actions foreseen in the communication of were completed and the relevant information is in Commission's website on social economy. Concerning the idea of a European Mutual statute, the Commission will proceed to a public consultation on the recommendations of a study.
The Commission is planning to launch soon a mapping study on social enterprises in Europe that will give a detailed overview of their characteristics, business model, economic weight, legal frameworks as well as existing labelling systems. This study, along with the future opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee on the subject and the ongoing work on impact measurement of social enterprises will also inform the Commission as to the next steps.
Each year, France is faced with a legal dispute about the opening dates of the hunting season for migratory birds and waterfowl. There is no requirement regarding the length of the period during which they are applicable. The situation varies a great deal between Member States. Open seasons are decided annually in some Members States such as France, Italy, and Portugal whereas they are set for more than one year in advance in many other Member States, either for a fixed period every three to five years such as in Denmark and Belgium, or when deemed necessary as in the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden and Romania.
Oggetto: Amianto: smaltimento e nuove tecniche di inertizzazione. Attualmente, in alcuni Paesi del nord Europa, l'amianto viene smaltito utilizzando trattamenti termici a temperature elevate, che implicano anche emissioni di gas inquinanti nell'atmosfera, oppure vengono seguiti procedimenti fisici che prevedono l'impiego di reagenti acidi e producono scorie difficilmente smaltibili. Attualmente la Commissione non prevede piani o programmi destinati in modo particolare allo smaltimento dei rifiuti costituiti da amianto.
For decades now, given the harmful effects of asbestos fibres on the human body that develop decades after original exposure, finding a single solution to the disposal of asbestos has been one of the central issues debated by scientists and politicians. The correct disposal of materials containing asbestos fibres is therefore a priority and must be carried out in accordance with the criteria set by the relevant national and European laws. The Department of Chemistry of the University of Bologna has tested a system that transforms cement-asbestos products using waste milk whey.
Currently, in several countries in northern Europe, asbestos is disposed of using thermal treatments at high temperatures, which result in polluting gases being released into the atmosphere. Alternatively physical processes are used that involve the use of acid reagents and produce waste materials that are difficult to dispose of. Currently the Commission does not envisage any plans or programmes aimed specifically at the disposal of asbestos waste.
However as the health impacts of exposure to asbestos are known and exposures are likely to decrease thanks to legislation in place the Commission is not currently considering supporting further research on the related environmental and health risks. Oggetto: La battaglia commerciale tra UE e Cina sui pannelli fotovoltaici: quali controlli? I rapporti commerciali tra Unione europea e Cina in materia di pannelli fotovoltaici sono sul filo del rasoio. Sempre secondo GTM, le prime aziende a chiudere saranno le 88 che si trovano nei paesi dove la produzione costa maggiormente: Europa, Usa e Canada, dove i costi superano gli 80 centesimi di dollaro per watt in Cina 58 cent.
In Europa si cerca di far fronte a tale situazione sviluppando nuovi metodi di produzione di cellule fotovoltaiche. Le decisioni di avviare un'indagine anti-dumping e anti-sussidi in relazione alle importazioni di pannelli solari originari della Cina si basavano sulle denunce corredate di sufficienti elementi di prova diretti presentate dall'industria UE dei pannelli solari.
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I risultati provvisori dovranno essere presentati entro il giugno per quanto concerne la procedura anti-dumping e entro l'agosto per la procedura anti-sussidi. Le misure definitive, se ve ne saranno, sono previste per l'inizio di dicembre L'UE, gli Stati Uniti e la Cina, come anche diversi altri paesi, sono utilizzatori e l'avvio di casi di difesa commerciale dovrebbe avere lo scopo di ripristinare condizioni commerciali eque. Per quanto concerne gli aspetti commerciali, la Commissione, in linea con le discussioni intervenute nel consiglio Affari esteri del maggio diversi approcci alla liberalizzazione degli scambi verdi , sta valutando la situazione attuale e gli ostacoli commerciali nel settore delle energie rinnovabili per sviluppare ulteriormente un'azione bilaterale e di enforcement al fine di migliorare l'accesso al mercato.
Trade relations between the European Union and China in the solar panels sector are on a knife edge. The battle to resolve this trade dispute is being waged on two fronts: in Europe, in the form of anti-dumping investigations into the subsidies granted by the Chinese authorities to solar panel manufacturers, and in the WTO, where China has lodged a complaint alleging that some feed-in tariff schemes introduced in Europe are not consistent with international trade rules.
It is striking that in both Europe and the United States many small firms have been forced to close down, unable to cope with the competition from Asia. Likewise according to GTM, the first firms to shut down will be the 88 located in those countries where manufacturing is most expensive, in Europe, the USA and Canada, where costs exceed 80 US cents per watt generated in China: 58 US cents. Europe is responding by developing new methods of manufacturing solar panels. The technology which is currently being studied involves activating the gas which is fundamental to the process, silane, using resistance wires heated to high temperatures, rather than with plasma.
The use of these instruments is normal practice in international trade relations and all World Trade Organisation WTO members have the right to do so under certain strict conditions in line with WTO rules. The EU, the United States and China, and several other countries, are users and the launching of trade defence cases should be aimed at restoring fair trade conditions. Oggetto: Le lacune delle gare di project financing in Italia: quale l'impatto di una possibile regolamentazione.
La prima riguarda il contenzioso. Servono piuttosto dei contratti standardizzati, definiti per categoria di opera. In Inghilterra, per esempio, i contratti standardizzati esistono da anni e sono accessibili on-line. Sempre dallo studio in questione emerge che nel 16,7 per cento delle controversie le imprese hanno presentato ricorsi in merito alle procedure di aggiudicazione. Viene da domandarsi se le amministrazioni locali abbiano le competenze per gestire in modo efficiente queste procedure, che sono nuove e complesse, e se non possano invece servire tool kits e best practice di supporto.
La Commissione non era a conoscenza dello studio e dei dati specifici e delle informazioni ivi contenuti. In Italy, a study by the national construction association ANCE recently reveals a significant casualty rate in public-private partnership PPP projects. Two criticalities in particular emerged. The first concerns disputes. These affected It should not be assumed that every single public authority in Italy has the skills needed to draw up suitable contracts, nor that they always pay consultants to obtain these skills. Instead they tend to use standard contracts for each of the tender categories.
Contracts that are available to, and possibly also binding on, local authorities, and which can be revised using the wealth of scientifically obtained local and national experience. To date there is just one standard contract for hospitals, prepared by the hospital project financing unit, and yet not one of the hospital projects examined in the study has fallen by the wayside, despite their complexity. Standardised contracts have existed in the UK, for example, for years and can be accessed online. But contracts are not the only cause for dispute.
It also emerges from this study that in This raises the question of whether local authorities have the skills needed to manage these new and complex procedures efficiently, and whether supporting tool kits and best practice would not be useful instead. The second criticality is a change of mind by the contracting authority; this affects In Italy monitoring of works, services and supplies procurement has until now primarily focused on ensuring that the rules have been correctly followed, and the quantitative analyses that have been published follow a purely descriptive logic, which clearly does not serve to confirm whether or not public authorities have succeeded in converting initiatives into tangible projects and what the costs and performance of the projects underway may be.
Is the Commission aware of this situation? Why the following are not considered in impact assessments: factors explaining the casualty rate for projects, the diversity in performance of public authorities and the costs arising from these criticalities and inefficiency. The Honourable Member refers to a recent study illustrating the flaws of public-private partnerships for the construction and management of public infrastructures in Italy.
The Commission was not aware of this study and of the specific data and information provided in it. With regard to the problems stemming from the inadequate drafting of contracts, it should be recalled that EU public procurement law only regulates the procedures for the award of public contracts in order to ensure that these procedures are transparent, non-discriminatory and competitive. The question of how contracts are drafted and of whether and to what extent standardised contracts are used remains a responsibility of national authorities.
On the other hand, the Commission is well aware that problems related to the application of award procedures can bring about inefficiencies and delays in the implementation of projects. This proposal also includes provisions on governance aimed at improving the monitoring by Member States of the implementation and application of EU public procurement rules on their territory.
Oggetto: Lotta contro l'HIV: nuove sfide con le nanotecnologie. Questi dati sono preoccupanti. Inoltre, il Centro europeo per la prevenzione e il controllo delle malattie ha emanato orientamenti in materia di test che riguardano anche l'uso dei test rapidi dell'HIV. According to WHO estimates, around 2.
These figures give cause for concern. Scientific research centring on nanotechnologies has enabled the development of a method for conducting HIV tests without sophisticated instruments, hence reducing the costs that have to be met when conducting traditional testing. The basic principle behind this research, which is being conducted in England, is the use of nanotechnology, which enables the specific biomarker to be recognised following a chemical reaction in a solution. A solution containing metallic gold is needed to detect the HIV virus, which can be done simply by mixing it with blood from the person concerned.
The reaction generates clumps of nanoparticles which gather around the affected cells, turning the solution from red to blue. This procedure has also proved effective for diagnosing prostate tumours and it is believed that the sensor can be reconfigured to detect many other viruses and diseases with specific biomarkers. Can the Commission state whether it will promote the use of this technique in Member States in programmes for the screening and prevention of diseases for which immediate testing would enable critical illnesses to be diagnosed swiftly and at no major cost to health programmes?
The Commission has promoted this issue publicly at many occasions in the past and has supported Member States and civil society through projects funded by the Health Programme e. The Commission cannot however promote the use of a particular rapid test in this field. Oggetto: Dispositivo atto a migliorare diagnosi e monitoraggio dei pazienti malati di cancro. La rivista Pnas ha recentemente parlato di un nuovo dispositivo, ispirato al funzionamento dei tentacoli delle meduse, che potrebbe migliorare diagnosi e monitoraggio dei pazienti malati di cancro.