Nicaragua: Zwischen Absolutismus und Demokratie (German Edition)

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Unterrichtsmaterialien zur Wohnungspolitik, Berlin , S. Ein Leben gegen die uns vorgesetzte Gesell- schaft, bestehend aus Konkurrenzdenken, Arbeitshetze, Konsumzwang, Opportu- nismus, kaputter Zwischenmenschlichkeit und Chauvinismus. Das bringt kein System ins Wanken Impulse, Bilanzen und Perspektiven, Opladen , S. Teil 1, Essen 2. Irgendwann wird der Platz dann mal recht knapp. Zum anderen schrieben die Aktivisten Atomwaffenfreien Zo- nen aber auch politische Wirksamkeit aus sich selber heraus zu.

Argumente zu einem aktuellen Thema, Bonn , S. Durch die Entwicklung kleiner Atomwaffenfreier Zonen, durch ihr Zusam- menfinden und Vernetzen sollten Atomwaffenfreie Zonen in dieser Deutung das Ziel selber bewirken, dessen Instrument sie waren. Praktiken Diese Sinnzuschreibungen erhellen sich weiter, wenn man untersucht, mit wel- chen Praktiken sie im Einzelnen verbunden waren. Sie projizierten ihre Ideale sozialer Organisation auf den von ihnen angeeigneten Raum. Das Ziel dieser Interaktio- nen war, durch eine breitere lokale Resonanz Einfluss auf die Entwicklung im Nahraum zu nehmen.

Sitzung, 2. Publikationen der Friedensbe- wegung hoben oftmals gerade diese Besetzungen und Markierungen besonders hervor. Monatsblatt Bonner Friedensinitiativen, 2 Nr. Atomwaffenfreie Zone, Dortmund , S. Zwar folgten die einzelnen Schritte dieser ausgreifenden Bewegung nicht einer politischen Strategie im vorauszuse- hend-kalkulierbaren Sinne. Mit Raumstrukturen sind insofern auch Temporalstruktu- ren verbunden.

Dal miracolo economico agli anni ottanta, Roma ; Pietro Scoppola: La repubblica dei partiti. Profilo storico della democrazia in Italia, —, Bologna ; Sil- vio Lanaro: Storia dell'Italia repubblicana. Berlusconis Forza Italia und die Lega Nord ersetzt wurde. Stuart Woolf Hg. Und wann setzte der Niedergang der Bewegungen ein? Welche geschichtlichen Peri- odisierungen lassen sich daran festmachen? Wie ist die Beziehung zwischen den politischen und den kulturellen Bewegungen? Note sul movimento gay e lesbico in Italia, in: Zapruder, Nr. Periodici del femminismo romano nei primi anni ottanta, in: Zapruder, Nr.

I conflitti impolitici, in: Massimo Ilardi Hg. Indi- viduo, conflitto, consumo nella metropoli, Genova Es geht etwa darum zu fragen, wel- che Ergebnisse der Massenkonsum mit sich gebracht hat, welche Subjekte er her- vorgerufen hat und auf welche Weise er wirksam war; wie sich die Differenzie- rung der Mittelschicht artikuliert, welche Auswirkung der Gegensatz zwischen politischem System und Zivilgesellschaft hatte; was und die Konflikte der er Jahre in der Kultur hinterlassen haben. Postcolonial thought and historical difference, Princeton Aree di movimento nella metropoli, Bologna Eros Francescangeli: Creste, borchie e panini.

Conflitti che producono banditi, Roma Reti alter- native tra Italia e Germania, in: Zapruder, Nr. San Francisco, New York, Bologna. Le zone libere del mondo, Roma ; Filippo Scozzari: Prima pagare poi ricordare. Storie di Bolo- gna attraverso i centri sociali, Bologna Dati, statistiche, progetti, mappe, divenire, Milano So hat sich z. Diese Funktion der Kataly- sierung und Aktivierung des politischen Protestes, die mit den Formen dieser neuen Jugendkultur eintraten, zeigte sich in einer Reihe verschiedener Ereignisse.

Was anderswo in Europa gelang oder zumindest versucht wurde — z. Oltre il ghetto: un dibattito cruciale, Roma Was die Geschichte der Bewegung betrifft, so sind die vorgestellten Erfahrun- gen mehr als eine unbedeutende oder gar rein nostalgische Reminiszenz an die ra- dikalen Bewegungen der er Jahre. Die Jugendbewegungen der er Jahre sind dabei ihrerseits auf neues, kulturelles Terrains gewechselt, um von hier aus einen oppositionellen, subversiven und vor allem kulturellen Umgang mit den Herausforderungen zu finden.

Wovon sprechen wir also letztlich, wenn es um die Bewegung der er Jahre geht? Action and culture, Oxford ; Michel Wievorka: Un autre monde Rappresentazione e racconto nei movimenti alterglobalisti, tra traduzione culturale e attivazione della protesta, in: Partecipazione e conflitto, Nr. Fast eine Woche lang gerieten junge Neofaschisten und Einwanderer von den west- indischen Inseln aneinander.

Die Unruhen begannen, als ein schwarzer Jugendlicher von der Polizei festgenommen wurde. Juli auf- einanderprallten. Juli begannen die Konflikte in Handsworth, einem Stadtbezirk von Birmingham. April , S. September , S. Oktober in einem Fiasko und markierte den Beginn gewaltsamer Auseinandersetzungen. Die Polizei sah sich mit hunderten gewaltbereiten Demonstrieren- den konfrontiert.

Oktober brachen auch in Toxteth wieder Unruhen aus. Oktober , S. Kurz gesagt, sie seien die Konsequenz aus der extremen Not, die die Protagonisten der Revolten litten. Dieser Bericht besagte, dass, wenn die Nation nicht den Ausbruch neuer rassischer Konfrontation erleben wolle, es notwendig sei, rassistische Vorurteile abzubauen und die Spaltung zwischen Minderheiten- communities und der Gesamtgesellschaft zu verhindern.

Seit Thatcher da ist, geht es nur noch bergab […]. Wenn du eine Goldkette hast, fragt sie, wo du sie geklaut hast. Und was passiert, wenn sie dich zu fassen kriegen? Sie behandeln uns wie die Tiere, Mann, sie behandeln ihre Hunde besser als uns. Sie treten dich, bis du kran- kenhausreif bist, und stecken uns zum Verrotten in den Knast. Sie denken, sie ha- ben in ihren Uniformen immer Recht. If a black person drive a nice car, the po- lice say, where you get the money to drive that? You wear a gold chain, they say, where do you thief that?

We like to gather in a little place and have drink and music, so what the police do? They like to close it down, so we all on the street instead. And what happen when they get hold of you? They fling you in the van, they say, come on you bunnies. They treat us like animals, man, they treat their dogs better than they treat us. They kick the shit out of us and put us inside to rot. They think they are OK in their uniforms.

Von ihnen wurde somit ein Bild gezeichnet, das sie als Herumtreiber charakterisierte. Modood et al. Erstere neigte dazu, letztere als den Abschaum der Gesellschaft zu deklarieren. Gaffney, S. Die Ressourcen dieser Organisationen waren zwar gering und ihr Einfluss marginal, aber ihre Hauptaufgabe lag auch anderswo. Um dies zu illustrieren, lohnt sich ein Blick auf den Fall der London Docklands UDC, die zwischen und Jobs abbaute, anstatt zu schaffen, wie es geplant war.

Dies schien so eindeutig, dass die UDCs mit der Gentrifizierungs- politik direkt in Verbindung gebracht wurden. Al- 72 Cochrane, S. An diese Dinge glaube ich nicht, nicht an die Schein- heiligkeit. Das ist alles Mist. Ohne diese war es schwierig, Arbeiter zu locken, die qualifiziert genug waren, um die neu geschaffenen Stellen im Dienst- leistungssektor zu besetzen, und die sich das Leben in den sanierten Bezirken leis- ten konnten.

Letzten Endes waren sie in einem Teufelskreis gefangen. Lawless, S. City of Birmingham, S. Zum Beispiel sind Archivbilder eines Rastafari, der von der Polizei verfolgt und zusammengeschlagen wird, gleich zweimal im Film zu sehen. Die Sequenz wird jeweils in unterschiedlichen Kontexten im Film ein- gesetzt, beim zweiten Mal zudem in Zeitlupe.

Eva Hohen- berger Hg. Der Artikel verfolgt zwei Ziele: zum einen wird die Rolle von Film als alternative Historiographie theoretisiert, zum anderen soll ein Beitrag zur Me- diengeschichte geleistet werden. Jim Pines Hg. Anstatt Aufnahmen aus der eigentlichen Debatte zu verwenden, zeigt Handsworth Songs, was damals nicht gesendet wurde.

Das Archivmaterial zeigt die Momente vor der Sendung. Floor Manager: Yes, from here. Producer: Is it slightly dark or light? You are worried that there are not too many whites, obviously there. Indem Handsworth Songs den inszenatorischen Charakter der Filmbilder nicht verschlei- ert, verweist er auf die Konstruktionsbedingungen dokumentarischer Bilder. Zum einen bleibt es in einem Binarismus von repressiven Medien und vermeintlich emanzipatorischer Ge- genpraxis gefangen.

Special issue on film collectives in Vorbereitung. Hall verweist auf die formalen Mittel, mit denen der Film Archivmaterial verfremdet und poetisiert, um auf diese Weise eine neue Filmsprache zu entwickeln. Mehr noch: Die Ausschlussmechanismen, die der hegemoniale Diskurs produziert, werden nicht hinterfragt. Da sich die Entstehung von Bildern nicht in einem herrschaftsfreien Raum vollzieht, ist ihr Entstehungs- und Distri- butionskontext stets mitzubedenken.

Baker, Jr. Lindeborg Hg. Wenn sich am Ende des Films eine Sequenz aus Archivmaterial findet, die Referenzen an die britische Dokumentarfilmtradition der er und er Jahre, an die Grierson School und Humphrey Jennings, beinhaltet, zeigt uns Handsworth Songs ein Bild, das in jenen Filmen nicht vorkommt: das Bild eines schwarzen Arbeiters. Als theoretischer Essay artikuliert er Zweifel an der unmittelbaren Darstellung von Wirklichkeit im Film. Die Gruppierung Rock als Revolte RAR formierte sich im Herbst , um alternative, nicht-kommerziell orientierte Kon- zerte und kulturpolitische Diskussionen zu organisieren.

In dieser Situation sollte am 6. Mai formierten sich Voll- versammlungen unzufriedener Jugendlicher. Ein solches wurde, nach weiteren Unruhen, am Mai gekommen. Mai von Ausschreitungen begleitet. Die filmische Theorie und Praxis war zudem stark beeinflusst von US-amerikanischen und britischen Vorbildern. Sie orientierte sich vornehmlich an der counterculture der er und er Jahre.

Mit der Abstimmung war die angenommene Initiative zur soziokulturellen Umnutzung der Roten Fabrik gemeint. Tell — extrablatt, Juni Ar Die 68er-Bewegung brachte ein neues linkes Politspektrum hervor, das grob in zwei Tendenzen aufgeteilt werden kann. Es gab in der Schweiz aber vor allem auch neue Linksparteien mit parlamentarischen Ambitionen. Originalzitat in Dialekt. Zur Thematik Woh- nungsnot vgl. Stahel, S. Mal Nachdenken [ Union Ar Am Anfang hatten die Leute auch die Power [ Juli Vid V , Februar und das Stauffacher Tribunal im Mai Die meisten vorhandenen historischen Referenzen bilden si- tuativ platzierte, rhetorische Elemente.

Eine Utopie? Im ersten Bundesrat sassen 3 Guerillakommandanten! Generell erreichten die Bewegungsmedien nur geringe historische Tiefen. Demzufolge seien am Gleichzeitig grenzten sich die Bewegten, wie gesagt, gegen parteipolitische und ideologische Vereinnahmungsversuche scharf ab.

Die Folge dieser umfassenden historischen Skepsis war ein Eklektizismus as- soziativer Bezugnahmen, der die Bewegung generell auszeichnete. Diese Strate- gie performativer Neukontextualisierungen wurde auch von Zeitgenossen konsta- tiert und in eine Traditionslinie mit dem Dadaismus gestellt. Herr und 41 Interview mit Bewegten in Tell-Extrablatt vom Vid V Resigna- tion machte sich breit, was im Video aus der Sicht unterschiedlicher Arbeitsgrup- pen zum Ausdruck kommt. Und wo ist unsere von Staat und Liberalismus als Ungeduld verschrieene Geduld? Erfroren ist alles. Heisst sofort. In unserer Kon- kordanzdemokratie leider ein Fremdwort.

Aber subito!! Dieses Wissen lag, angesichts des mehrheitlich jungen Alters der Bewegten, auf einer Schwelle zwischen Vermittlung und biografischer Erfahrung. Darin kann ein Primat des Raumes vor der Geschichte gesehen werden. Die Register der Grenzziehungen und Raumbeschreibungen der Bewegung waren eng mit histo- risch verankerten Leitbildern verschlungen. September In ihren Zielen, Kritikpunkten und der Wahl ihrer Mittel unterschie- den sie sich teilweise ganz erheblich.

Hochschule im Umbruch, Bd. Als weltanschaulich motivierte Fundamentalkritik oder -ablehnung der USA sollen diese Erscheinungsformen aber in einen weit gefassten Begriff der Amerikakritik einbezogen werden. In der Bundesrepublik und in vielen anderen westlichen Staaten mobilisierte sie mehr Menschen als jede Protestbewegung zuvor. Zur Unterscheidung von Antiamerikanismus und Amerikakritik am Beginn des Mars und Venus? Zur Einleitung, in: diess. Stu- dien zu Ost- und Westeuropa, Bonn , S.

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Die Regierungspartei SPD war tief gespalten. Schachmatt mit Springer, Berlin , S. Mai Siehe auch Info Nr. Grauwacke: Autonome in Bewegung. Die ersten 23 Jahre, Berlin , S. Recht und politisch motivierte Gewalt am Ende des Diese Angaben beziehen sich auf die dem Buch beiliegende CD. August in Bremen, abgedr. General Williams war Vietnamkriegsveteran. Philip Jones Griffiths: Vietam Inc. Grauwacke, S. Die Visualisierung des modernen Krieges, Paderborn , S. April , abgedr.

Otto: APO. Kurzer Sommer — lange Wirkung, Essen , S. Im Gegensatz zur Friedensbewe- gung setzten sie dabei jedoch auf Gewalt. Der rote Schriftzug ist in Form der Streifen in der amerikani- schen Flagge angeordnet, die Sterne auf blauem Grund wurden durch angreifende Flugzeuge ersetzt. Vor allem in den Augen der Friedensbewegung, antiimperialistischer und antimilitaristischer Grup- pen lag es nahe, zielgerichtet dort zu protestieren. Hier konnten sie direkt am Ort des Geschehens agieren und waren nicht auf symbolische Orte angewiesen.

Somit eigneten auch sie sich als Orte der dezidierten Amerikakritik. Amerikakritiker verschiedenster Couleur nutzten dabei die gleichen Orte, um ihre Anliegen zu demonstrieren, folgten dabei aber entgegengesetzten Logiken. Januar Heidelberger Wochenzeitung, 5. August , abgedr. So lag das Konzept des passiven Widerstandes den Blockaden in Mutlangen und an anderen Orten zugrunde. Beide Seiten lehnten die Strategien der jeweils anderen als kontraproduktiv bzw. Sie geben den Blick frei auf die Selbstsicht und Selbststilisierung der Amerikakritiker.

Autonome, antiimperialistische und terroristi- sche Gruppen lehnten hingegen das Prinzip der Gewaltlosigkeit und Verhand- lungsbereitschaft ab. Auf die Umfrage des Allensbacher 59 Proklamation der Besetzer, abgedr. Nachteile sahen nur 11 Prozent Frie- densbewegung. Wittner: Toward Nuclear Abolition. BRD- Ihre Position als verbindendes Glied zwischen der radikalen Linken und der autonomen Frauenbewegung ist ein- zigartig. Viele Aktivistinnen waren sich dieser Position bewusst, und sie spielte eine wichtige Rolle in ihren politischen Analysen und Strategien.

Geronimo, wo der Autor eine feministische Kritik der Autonomen diskutiert, jedoch nicht in der Lage ist, die politischen Implikationen zu Ende zu denken S. Die Frauenbewegung in der Bundesrepublik und in Frankreich —, Frankfurt a. Gerhard, S. Siehe z. Viele der militanten Frauen waren in der autonomen Frauenbewegung aktiv und brachten ihre Erfahrungen von Analyse und Widerstand gegen Sexismus in die au- tonome Bewegung ein.

Die Entscheidung, separate Frauen-Gruppen zu bilden z. Demnach weiteten autonome Frauen ihre Analyse vom Imperialismus und seines wirtschaftlichen Antriebs Kapitalismus aus, indem sie patriarchalische Machtstrukturen einschlossen. Der Film von Barbara Teufel: Ritterinnen stellt die Erfahrungen und An- sichten einer Gruppe autonomer Frauen in Berlin dar und gibt einen gelungenen Einblick in die Ausein- andersetzungen der Aktivistinnen sowohl mit den Autonomen als auch mit der autonomen Frauenbewegung.

Militante Feministinnen forderten so die autonome Frauenbewegung in ihrer Theorie des Separatismus heraus. Zum anderen besetzten militante Feministinnen in der autonomen Szene den Weiblichkeitsbegriff neu. Im Gegensatz dazu insistierten auto- nome Frauen auf der Militanz als notwendige feministische Strategie, um sowohl der Vereinnahmung feministischer Projekte durch den Staat als auch dem allge- meinen gesellschaftlichen Sexismus effektiv zu begegnen.

Daher konzentriert sich diese Analyse auf die Reibungspunkte ihrer militanten Strategien mit denen der autono- men Frauenbewegung und der Friedensbewegung. Dies beruhte auf einer Ablehnung des antiimperialistischen Rahmens, wie ihn die RAF definierte sowie auf deren Anspruch als Avantgarde. Mai , S. Mai in Bre- men hier in der BRD entwickelt haben. Diese Militanz wird, wie bei den Autonomen, als politischer Ausdruck einer Entschlossenheit de- finiert, der bei anderen Bewegungen mit ihren gewaltfreien Taktiken fehle.

Stellungnahme zu Krieg dem imperialistischen Krieg, , S. Ich gebe alle Zitate aus den Texten der Gruppe in originaler Schreibweise wieder. Thesen zur Frauenbewegung, S.

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Ihre Friedenspolitik basierte also auf einer geschlechtsspezifischen 53 Karola Maltry: Die neue Frauenfriedensbewegung. Entstehung, Entwicklung, Bedeutung, Frankfurt , S. Friedens- und Konfliktforschung als Geschlechterforschung, Essen , S. Eva Quirstorp Hg. Analysen, Dokumente und Aktionen aus der Friedensbewe- gung, Frankfurt a. Krieg dem imperialistischen Krieg, S.

Obwohl diese Haltung nicht in der breiteren Frauenbe- wegung angenommen wurde, forderten militante Frauen in den ern dennoch eine Auseinandersetzung mit einem friedfertigen Weiblichkeitsbild, das, so ihre Kritik, Gefahr lief, bestehenden Geschlechter- und Herrschaftsstrukturen zu ent- sprechen. Es ist also die expli- zite Definition der politischen Gewalt als feministisch und die Integration linker mit feministischer Politik, die die autonomen Frauen der er auszeichnet. Da- bei manifestierte sich dieser militante Feminismus innerhalb einer zunehmenden Polarisierung der deutschen Gesellschaft, in der sich dem konservativen Ruck der er eine sichtbare Radikalisierung der Linken entgegenstellte, und verlor — 70 Ebd.

Er richtete sich sowohl an die britische Regierung wie auch an die tiernutzende Industrie. Insbesondere am Wochen- ende vom Damit stellte diese Wendung das definitive Ende des Nachkriegskonsenses dar, der die britische Politik so lange bestimmt hatte8 und der quasi zu einem definierenden Moment britischer Politik erhoben worden war. Oktober Scott Lucas: Post-war Britain, —64, London u.

Jacobs: Racism in Britain, London , S. Auch die vom Situationismus inspirierte Angry Brigade versuchte sich in den er Jahren neu zu gruppieren, jedoch war ihr Einfluss bereits deutlich gesunken und konnte nicht revitalisiert werden. Ryder verwendet. Dass die politische Po- sitionierung dabei bisweilen auf der Strecke blieb, wurde bewusst in Kauf genom- men. Es galt darum Anschluss zu finden.

Man machte durch die Klei- dung deutlich, wo man sich politisch verortet sah. Arkangel, Nr. In diesem Punkt sticht die gemeinsame Ebene mit den kontinentalen Autonomen be- sonders ins Auge. Going Underground for Animal Liberation, ohne Datumsangabe. Es folgte die Kriminalisierung der Bewegung. Hervorhebungen und Rechtsschreibung im Original. Im Gegensatz zu ihrer bekannten Schwesterorganisation, glaubte London Greenpeace weder an eine formale Mitgliedschaft noch an eine rigide Zweigstellenstruktur. Sie distanzierten sich sogar von Greenpeace Ltd. Eine Ausnahme bildeten sicherlich die Bilder aus Nordirland.

Punkrock machte die Thematisierung von Tierrechten und Vegetarismus zum elementaren Bestandteil ihrer kulturellen Nische. Das bedeutet, dass es auch der Transferprozess ist, der den Prozess der produktiven Annahme bestimmter Ideen initiiert und nicht nur deren akkurate Kopie. Animals are imprisoned, used, tortured and destroyed as are humans because no species is free under capitalism.

Zitiert nach: Janelle Rohr Hg. There are many ways to fight back […]. You could do individual protests, do graffiti, glue locks, smash windows etc whatever takes your fancy. You could join an organisation such as the A. F or the Hunt Sa- boteurs, its sic up to you. Use your imagination. Im Dezember fand auch die erste Aktion in Deutschland statt.

Ganz offensichtlich wird bei einem Studium der letzteren Bewegung, dass hier eine Sprache benutzt wurde, der auch die deut- schen Autonomen anhingen. Dies ist etwas, an dem die kulturelle Transferanalyse insbeson- dere interessiert ist. Novem- ber , S. Leach, S. DDR-Opposition —, Berlin Mit den Eingaben gegen das Wehrdienstgesetz, das am Wichtige Stationen auf dem Weg zur internationalen Anerken- nung waren u. Oktober gemeinsam eine Eingabe an Erich Honecker. Nie geschwiegen. Sofort widersprochen. Gleich gehan- delt. Dokumente aus dem Gewebe der Heuchelei — Obwohl bei Nichtbefol- gung drastische Sanktionen angedroht wurden, entsprachen lediglich zwei Perso- nen diesem Wunsch.

Formell aufgehoben wurde das Gesetz erst mit dem Einigungsvertrag , verlor allerdings schon ein Jahr nach Verabschiedung an institutioneller Relevanz. Ihre Forderungen u. Dezember im westdeutschen Spiegel erschienen war und damit auch internationales Inter- esse weckte. Sachstandsbericht vom August bis Auf dem Gemeindetag, der zum Abschluss des Marsches am Diese Perspektive bezogen die staatlichen MitarbeiterInnen vor allem aus dem Forderungskatalog, der auf dem Gemeinde- tag erarbeitet wurde.

Gemeindetag am Innerhalb der offiziellen Ideologie bildeten Frieden und Sozialismus eine Ein- heit, die lediglich aufgrund der Bedrohung der sozialistischen Staaten durch die NATO-Mitglieder noch nicht verwirklicht worden sei. Voran- gegangen war dieser Situation die Verhaftung von vier Friedensfrauen am Gemeinsam mit anderen Gruppierungen der globalen Frauenfriedensbewegung erarbeiteten sie zahlreiche Aufrufe und Protestnoten.

Politische Nachtgebet am Informationen zum Frauentreffen vom 4. Juni der Volkskammer der DDR. Konsistorium Berlin Brandenburg, vom 6. Juli , in: Bildungswerk, nicht paginiert. Es war wirklich so, dass niemand gesagt hat, der Staat muss weg und die DDR muss weg. Auf Veranstaltungen im Kirchenraum, wie dem Gemeindetag, den Politischen Nachtgebeten und der Li- turgischen Nacht, machten sie zudem auf ihre Anliegen aufmerksam. Besondere Bedeutung kam bei diesen Vernet- zungsbestrebungen vor allem der Westberliner Frauengruppe zu.

Etliche politische Initiativen und soziale Bewegungen entstanden direkt aus den sozialpolitischen Konflikten dieser Zeit. In den er Jahren ha- ben zwei dieser Vereinigungen den Kern einer viel weiter reichenden, nationalen Koalition gegen Apartheid gebildet. Een sociologische verkenning van de milieubeweging, de derde wereldbeweging en de vredesbeweging, Leuven Aus diesen Kon- takten konnten in der Folge intensive Verbindungen entstehen. Volume 3, Interna- tional Solidarity, Pretoria , S.

Man orientierte sich hier auf der globalen Ebene an einer anti- kolonialistischen und Anti-Apartheid-Bewegung. Problemen en oplossingen bij het inventarise- ren van het archief van een drukkingsgroep, K. In dieser entmutigenden Situation fielen die verbleiben- den Radikalen vom Unglauben in die Verzweiflung. November Juni Vereinbarungen mit der Regierung garantierten jedoch kein Leben ohne Arbeit. So blieben die Fragen der politischen Ausrichtung bestehen. Mai — 1. In der Kommunikation mit Basiskomitees bestand die Idee darin, mit konkreten Strukturen zu beginnen z.

April Aber wie man schnell lernen musste, war die Zusammenarbeit mit dem ANC mit einer gewissen Verantwortung verbunden. Wie von einem Schreiben an die EG-Minister erwartet werden konnte, wurde jede radikale Sprache vermieden.

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Innerhalb von zehn Jahren spielte die belgische Anti-Apartheid-Organisation in einer ganz anderen politischen Liga. In der For- schung wurde bereits die Verbindung zwischen dem Wandel der Massenkultur und den kulturellen Praktiken der sozialen Bewegungen festgestellt. Bei den weltweiten Bewegun- gen gegen Apartheid waren in diesem Zusammenhang die britischen Organisatio- nen die Pioniere.

So griff die britische Be- wegung die Idee des politischen Merchandisings auf. Un- ter dem Einfluss erfahrenerer Schwesterorganisationen passte sich der belgische Ausschuss dem neuen wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Klima der er Jahre an. In den er Jahren zeichnete das Komitee ein offen radi- kales ideologisches Profil aus. Deshalb ist Protest dazu angetan, schon im Moment seiner Artikulation eine Bewegung des Objekts seiner Kritik hervorzurufen — und sei es nur die bewusst gemachte Legitimation des jeweiligen Standpunktes.

Das Gegenteil ist der Fall. Unter dem Eindruck der Friedensbewegung und den von ihr vertretenen Ideen gerieten Sicherheitskonzepte, Feindbilder und Selbstzuschreibungen in Be- wegung. Bundesparteitag, Berlin, Mai , Bonn , S. Jarausch Hg. Stenografische Berichte, 9. Wahlperiode, Sitzung, 9. Friedensbewegung und Parteienvertreter unterschieden sich auch durch ihre je- weils ganz andere habituelle Erscheinungsform.

Mit ei- nem Wort: Es waren unterschiedliche Milieus, vor deren Hintergrund die Sach- walter der traditionellen Sicherheitspolitik und die alternativ sozialisierten De- monstranten agierten. Dennoch zeichnen sich in Umrissen schon jetzt zwei Richtungen ab, mit denen die Regierung dem friedensbewegten Protest begegnete. November um Willy Brandt und die SPD —, bearb. Hans Apel u.

Ein Forum zur Friedensbewegung, Bonn Insgesamt trat die Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign sehr viel moderater als die westdeutsche Friedensbewegung auf. Sie setzte auf politische Einflussnahme im parlamentarischen Prozess und nicht auf zivilen Ungehorsam. Hatfield eingebrachte Freeze-Resolu- tion mit zu Stimmen verabschiedete. Bereits am 3. So finden sich in einem entsprechenden Verzeichnis von Adressen auch die deutschen Sozialdemokraten, die zu einem der wichtigsten Ansprechpartner der Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign in Europa wurden.

Karsten D. Voigt, Internationale Beziehungen und deutsche Frage —, bearb. Sitzung, 3. Sitzung, Als sicher kann jedenfalls gelten, dass in der Auseinandersetzung um die Vereinigten Staaten und ihre Politik klassi- sche Stereotypen des Kalten Krieges aufgebrochen wurden. Sie agierte vor einem klerikal-konservativen Hintergrund gegen ein Re- gime, das den Mangel an politischen Freiheiten immer weniger mit materiellen Erfolgen kompensieren konnte. Willy Brandt und Polen, Bonn , S. Die Antworten auf die Frage, wie die staatsfixierte Entspannungspolitik auf Oppositionsbewegungen in den kommunistischen Dikta- turen reagieren sollte, blieben aber uneindeutig.

Die amerikanische Bewegung trat mode- 70 Zit. Sit- zung, Es war historisch gesehen nicht das erste Mal, dass ein transnatio- nales Netzwerk einem Teil des Establishments zur Legitimation diente, aber im Vergleich zu unmittelbar vorangehenden Krisen war dies doch neu. Western blot analysis was used to validate the results of a subset of 14 samples. Five samples from sea lions in mainland locations were confirmed positive for antibodies to T.

Two adult females exhibited high LAT antibody titres min , max on both occasions when sampled 1 and 2 years apart, respectively. No animals from Enderby Island were seropositive. Toxoplasma gondii infection is unlikely to be a major contributor to poor reproductive success in New Zealand sea lions. However, continued surveillance is pertinent to assess subclinical and clinical impacts of the parasite on these threatened populations.

The commercial tests evaluated here, with further species-specific threshold refinement could provide a fast, inexpensive and reliable indicator of T. Stillbirth is a small and often cryptic fraction of neonatal mortality in mammals including pinnipeds. As part of an investigation into the poor reproductive success of the endangered New Zealand sea lion Phocarctos hookeri , archived tissues from 37 stillborn pups born on Enderby Island between and were examined using histopathological techniques. Apart from bronchopneumonia with neutrophilic infiltration in 4 cases, few inflammatory conditions were identified in stillborn pups.

It is unclear if this finding represents fetal distress during parturition or whether it is a normal finding for this species. Three pups lacked histological evidence of hepatic glycogen storage, which may indicate placental defects or maternal undernutrition. No evidence of infectious disease was found on histopathological analysis, consistent with the low seroprevalence in New Zealand of infections known to cause reproductive failure in other pinniped species. This study forms an important baseline for further examination of stillborn New Zealand sea lion pups, as pup mortality is investigated as a contributor to the species' decline.

Microchoerus hookeri nov. The study of Eocene primates is crucial for understanding the evolutionary steps undergone by the earliest members of our lineage and the relationships between extinct and extant taxa. Recently, the description of new material from Spain has improved knowledge of European Paleogene primates considerably, particularly regarding microchoerines. However, the studied material clearly differs from M. This new species is characterized by its medium size, moderate enamel wrinkling, generally absent mesoconid and small hypoconulid in the M 1 and M 2 , single paracone in the upper molars and premolars and, particularly, by the lack of mesostyle in most M 1 and M 2 , a trait not observed in any other species of Microchoerus.

This discovery sheds new light on the complex evolutionary scheme of Microchoerus, indicating that it is most probably a paraphyletic group. A detailed revision of the age of the localities containing remains of Microchoerus and the description of the still unpublished material from some European localities, are necessary to clarify the phylogenetic relationships among the members of this microchoerine group.

On the error estimation and T-stability of the Mann iteration. A formula of error estimation of Mann iteration is given in the case of strongly demicontractive mappings. Based on this estimation, a condition of strong convergence is obtained for the same class of mappings. T-stability for a particular case of strongly demicontractive mappings is proved. Elements of cultural continuity in modern German literature : a study of Goethe, Nietzsche and Mann. This dissertation renders in a thematic and chronological line the argument o a Goethean influence concerning the way Nietzsche and Mann understood their position within German culture and reacted to the social and political perspective of their contemporaries.

It outlines specific concepts and. With more than 40 years of experience in the aerospace industry, Mc Mann has gained a wealth of knowledge. This presentation focused on lessons learned in human and hardware behavior. During his many years in the industry, Mc Mann observed that the hardware development process was intertwined with human influences, which impacted the outcome of the product. Alfred E. Mann 's vision is to create organizations that will help medical innovations born in academic environments evolve into commercially fit solutions, without the risk of being abandoned under the financial pressures early stage start-ups often experience.

Technology-acceleration centers come in different flavors. AMI USC's recipe has evolved since its creation, with edits that incorporate lessons learned and improvements brought by its expanding network of talented resource people. Its member staff, consisting of three-fourths industry professionals, includes seasoned generalists and specialists in medical technology commercialization. Although the support varies with each invention, some recurring ingredients weave into the AMI approach to accelerating medical innovation.

Full Text Available Sartre's analysis of "Being-for-Others" in Being and Nothingness describes the Self-Other relationship as essentially one of conflict, with the Self attempting either to dominate or to be dominated by the Other. Subject-Object relations are a common theme also in the early works of Thomas Mann , who gives artistic expression to many of the same problems which Sartre later formalized in a philosophical theory.

The sado-masochistic character, which is portrayed in several of Thomas Mann 's narratives, receives its strongest expression in the story "Tobias Mindernickel," which is here singled out for analysis. Humiliation gives rise to aggression, as the protagonist feels both an attraction and a repulsion for his surrogate lover, a dog. The interpersonal relationships revealed here serve as paradigmatic illustration of Sartre's theory of "Concrete Relations with Others. Kalbach- Mann systematics is a very useful formula to discrete the double-differential cross sections of emitted particles.

However, the energy balance by using this systematics is still a task to be studied. In the form of Legendre polynomial expansion the energy balance has been proved analytically. In terms of this approach, the formula to determine the pre-equilibrium fraction r factor of Kalbach- Mann systematics has been obtained for keeping energy balance strictly. This formula could be straightforwardly applied for describing the double-differential cross sections of all projectile types in the continuum spectrum emissions.

Thomas Mann e a cena intelectual no Brasil: encontros e desencontros. Es ist daher falsch, von einem "Klimakterium virile" oder von "Andropause" zu sprechen. Andere Hormonsysteme, wie etwa Wachstumshormone GH oder Melatonin unterliegen ebenfalls einer altersassozierten Abnahme.

On the asymptotics of the Gell- Mann -Low function in quantum field theory. The problem of reconstructing the Gell- Mann -Low function in quantum field theory starting with its asymptotic series with the first terms calculated by perturbation theory is discussed. And though in a strict mathematical sense this is not unambiguously realizable, under reasonable assumptions about the function it appears to be possible to reconstruct it in some finite interval of g. We also present the conditions under which the sum of the asymptotic series may decrease at infinity.

Microcosmos the world of elementary particles : fictional discussions between Einstein, Newton, and Gell- Mann. This book provides a broad introduction into the field of particle physics for the general reader through virtual discussions among prominent physicists, Albert Einstein, Murray Gell- Mann , Issac Newton and a modern physicists. Matter is composed of quarks and electrons. The electrons interact with the atomic nuclei by the exchange of photons. The forces between the quarks are generated by the exchange of gluons, which leads to the confinement of the quarks. The weak bosons provide the weak forces among the leptons and quarks.

The book is suitable for non-experts in physics. Readership: General readers, students and researchers in physics. Full Text Available It is often difficult, particularly when conducting research in psychology, to have access to large normally distributed samples. Fortunately, there are statistical tests to compare two independent groups that do not require large normally distributed samples.

The Mann -Whitney U is one of these tests. In the following work, a summary of this test is presented. The explanation of the logic underlying this test and its application are presented. Moreover, the forces and weaknesses of the Mann -Whitney U are mentioned. One major limit of the Mann -Whitney U is that the type I error or alpha? Trends analysis of rainfall and rainfall extremes in Sarawak, Malaysia using modified Mann -Kendall test. This study assesses the spatial pattern of changes in rainfall extremes of Sarawak in recent years The Mann -Kendall MK test along with modified Mann -Kendall m-MK test, which can discriminate multi-scale variability of unidirectional trend, was used to analyze the changes at 31 stations.

Taking account of the scaling effect through eliminating the effect of autocorrelation, m-MK was employed to discriminate multi-scale variability of the unidirectional trends of the annual rainfall in Sarawak. It can confirm the significance of the MK test.

The seasonal trends from MK test indicate an increasing rate of rainfall during the Northeast monsoon and a decreasing trend during the Southwest monsoon in some region of Sarawak. However, the m-MK test detected an increasing trend in annual rainfall only at one station and no significant trend in seasonal rainfall at any stations. The significant increasing trends of the 1-h maximum rainfall from the MK test are detected mainly at the stations located in the urban area giving concern to the occurrence of the flash flood.

On the other hand, the m-MK test detected no significant trend in 1- and 3-h maximum rainfalls at any location. On the contrary, it detected significant trends in 6- and h maximum rainfalls at a station located in the Lower Rajang basin area which is an extensive low-lying agricultural area and prone to stagnant flood. These results indicate that the trends in rainfall and rainfall extremes reported in Malaysia and surrounding region should be verified with m-MK test as most of the trends may result from scaling effect.

Full Text Available We present the R package gMWT which is designed for the comparison of several treatments or groups for a large number of variables. The comparisons are made using certain probabilistic indices PI. The PIs computed here tell how often pairs or triples of observations coming from different groups appear in a specific order of magnitude. Classical two and several sample rank test statistics such as the Mann -Whitney-Wilcoxon, Kruskal-Wallis, or Jonckheere-Terpstra test statistics are simple functions of these PI. Also new test statistics for directional alternatives are provided.

The package gMWT can be used to calculate the variable-wise PI estimates, to illustrate their multivariate distribution and mutual dependence with joint scatterplot matrices, and to construct several classical and new rank tests based on the PIs. The aim of the paper is first to briefly explain the theory that is necessary to understand the behavior of the estimated PIs and the rank tests based on them. Second, the use of the package is described and illustrated with simulated and real data examples. It is stressed that the package provides a new flexible toolbox to analyze large gene or microRNA expression data sets, collected on microarrays or by other high-throughput technologies.

The testing procedures can be used in an eQTL analysis, for example, as implemented in the package GeneticTools. Flood is common in Pahang especially during northeast monsoon season from November to February. Three river cross station: Lubuk Paku, Sg. Yap and Temerloh were selected as area of this study. The stream flow and water level data were gathered from DID record.

Data set for this study were analysed by using non-parametric analysis, Mann -Kendall Trend Test. The results that obtained from stream flow and water level analysis indicate that there are positively significant trend for Lubuk Paku 0. Full Text Available Global warming and Climate change are commonly acknowledged as the most noteworthy environmental quandary the world is undergoing today. This study focuses on detecting trends in seasonal temperature for the five selected stations in the Upper Indus Basin. The Standard Test Statistic Zs indicates the presence of trend and whether it is increasing or decreasing.

The analysis showed an increasing trend in mean monthly temperature at Astore, Gilgit and Gupiz in March and a decreasing trend for Astore, Drosh, Gilgit and Skardu in September. Gilgit and Gupiz showed unexpected increasing trend in October. This study concludes that the temperature starts increasing in March and stays elevated till the month of June and starts rising again in October thus resulting in expansion of summer season and prolonged glacial melting. Mann DB — A microbial database of automated protein sequence analyses and evidence integration for protein characterization.

Full Text Available Abstract Background Mann DB was created to meet a need for rapid, comprehensive automated protein sequence analyses to support selection of proteins suitable as targets for driving the development of reagents for pathogen or protein toxin detection. Because a large number of open-source tools were needed, it was necessary to produce a software system to scale the computations for whole-proteome analysis.

Thus, we built a fully automated system for executing software tools and for storage, integration, and display of automated protein sequence analysis and annotation data. Description Mann DB is a relational database that organizes data resulting from fully automated, high-throughput protein-sequence analyses using open-source tools. Types of analyses provided include predictions of cleavage, chemical properties, classification, features, functional assignment, post-translational modifications, motifs, antigenicity, and secondary structure.

Proteomes lists of hypothetical and known proteins are downloaded and parsed from Genbank and then inserted into Mann DB, and annotations from SwissProt are downloaded when identifiers are found in the Genbank entry or when identical sequences are identified. Currently 36 open-source tools are run against Mann DB protein sequences either on local systems or by means of batch submission to external servers.

A web client browser enables viewing of computational results and downloaded annotations, and a query tool enables structured and free-text search capabilities. When available, links to external databases, including MvirDB, are provided. Conclusion Mann DB comprises a large number of genomes and comprehensive protein. Livets febrile hemmeligheder. Robert Musil wrote Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften as a critical intervention in the intellectual debates of his time. There are three general questions which prevail in the Musil scholarship: 1.

What exactly did he want to critique and how is this critique at work in the novel? What were his aims. Examining the role of components of Slc11a1 Nramp1 in the susceptibility of New Zealand sea lions Phocarctos hookeri to disease. The species is susceptible to bacterial pathogens, having suffered three mass mortality events since Understanding the genetic factors linked to this susceptibility is important in mitigating population decline.

The gene solute carrier family 11 member a1 Slc11a1 plays an important role in mammalian resistance or susceptibility to a wide range of bacterial pathogens. At present, Slc11a1 has not been characterised in many taxa, and despite its known roles in mediating the effects of infectious disease agents, has not been examined as a candidate gene in susceptibility or resistance in any wild population of conservation concern.

Here we examine components of Slc11a1 in NZSLs and identify: i a polymorphic nucleotide in the promoter region; ii putative shared transcription factor binding motifs between canids and NZSLs; and iii a conserved polymorphic microsatellite in the first intron of Slc11a1, which together suggest conservation of Slc11a1 gene structure in otariids. At the promoter polymorphism, we demonstrate a shift away from normal allele frequency distributions and an increased likelihood of death from infectious causes with one allelic variant.

While this increased likelihood is not statistically significant, lack of significance is potentially due to the complexity of genetic susceptibility to disease in wild populations. Our preliminary data highlight the potential significance of this gene in disease resistance in wild populations; further exploration of Slc11a1 will aid the understanding of susceptibility to infection in mammalian species of conservation significance.

Physicochemical changes of raffia sap Raphia mambillensis Oct 9, International Congress on Engineering and Food. The origin, characteristics and changes of the images of these devils shall be discussed in this article. Der Untertan is one of the central works in H. Mann 's production : this novel is an achievement and reveals the author's esthetical and political evolution. Furthermore, this novel shows an original conception of literature, because the words of the characters are completed and qualified by the ones the novelist expresses in his essays.

Besides, Der Untertan can be regarded as the counterpart of Die kleine Stadt: only the confrontation of both novels makes it possible to understand the author In this study, year monthly rainfall data of Bangladesh were analysed to detect trends. Modified Mann -Kendall, Spearman's rho tests and Sen's slope estimators were applied to find the long-term annual, dry season and monthly trends.


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Sequential Mann -Kendall analysis was applied to detect the potential trend turning points. Spatial variations of the trends were examined using inverse distance weighting IDW interpolation. AutoRegressive integrated moving average ARIMA model was used for the country mean rainfall and for other two stations data which depicted the highest and the lowest trend in the Mann -Kendall and Spearman's rho tests. Results showed that there is no significant trend in annual rainfall pattern except increasing trends for Cox's Bazar, Khulna, Satkhira and decreasing trend for Srimagal areas.

For the dry season, only Bogra area represented significant decreasing trend. Long-term monthly trends demonstrated a mixed pattern; both negative and positive changes were found from February to September. Comilla area showed a significant decreasing trend for consecutive 3 months while Rangpur and Khulna stations confirmed the significant rising trends for three different months in month-wise trends analysis.

Rangpur station data gave a maximum increasing trend in April whereas a maximum decreasing trend was found in August for Comilla station. However, all the test results and predictions revealed a good agreement among them in the study. Gli scritti di guerra di Thomas Mann. Full Text Available This essay examines the semantic area linked to military activity and in particular the conditions of the soldier in the essays written by Thomas Mann during the First World War.

Epidemiology of hookworm Uncinaria spp. This is the first investigation of the epidemiology of hookworm Uncinaria spp. The examination of faeces for hookworm eggs in various age categories of sea lions revealed that only pups up to at least 3 months of age harboured adult hookworms in their intestines. The average burden of adult parasites per pup was not influenced by the host's sex and body condition or by year.

This study also provided evidence for transmission occurring by the transmammary route in NZSLs. It is the idea of the middle way denying any sort of excess and connected with moral obligation. Full Text Available A valuable aid to assessing and managing flood risk lies in a reliable database of historical floods. In this study, a newspaper-based flood database for Shanghai NFDS for the period — was developed through a systematic scanning of newspapers. After calibration and validation of the database, Mann -Kendall tests and correlation analysis were applied to detect possible changes in flood frequencies.

The analysis was carried out for three different flood types: overbank flood, agricultural waterlogging, and urban waterlogging. The statistical analyses showed that both the annual flood and the floods in June—August increased significantly. Urban waterlogging showed a very strong increasing trend, probably because of insufficient capacity of urban drainage system and impacts of rapid urbanization. By contrast, the decrease in overbank flooding and the slight increase in agricultural waterlogging were likely because of the construction of river levees and seawalls and the upgrade of agricultural drainage systems, respectively.

This study demonstrated the usefulness of local newspapers in building a historical flood database and in assessing flood characterization. Evaluation of a dysphagia screening system based on the Mann Assessment of Swallowing Ability for use in dependent older adults. Dysphagia is common in dependent older adults. Thus, a method of evaluating eating and swallowing functions that can be used to diagnose and manage dysphagia in a simple and robust manner is required. As the MASA enables easy screening, it might also be applicable to dependent older adults if appropriate MASA cut-off values and the most useful assessment items could be determined.

In the present study, we attempted to determine suitable MASA cut-off values, and the most useful assessment items for predicting aspiration and pharyngeal retention in dependent older adults. Using the MASA, we evaluated the eating and swallowing functions of 50 dependent older adults with dysphagia. All of the patients also underwent videoendoscopic-based swallowing evaluations to detect aspiration and pharyngeal retention.

The participants' characteristics and the utility of each assessment item were compared between various groups. Using the patients' videoendoscopic findings as a reference, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was carried out to determine appropriate cut-off values for predicting aspiration and pharyngeal retention in dependent older adults. The optimal MASA cut-off values for predicting aspiration and pharyngeal retention were points and points, respectively.

A total of 17 of the 24 clinical items assessed by the MASA were found to be associated with aspiration in dependent older adults. The MASA is a useful screening tool for evaluating eating and swallowing functions in dependent older adults. Geriatr Gerontol Int ; The hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of Bauhinia hookeri ethanol extract BHE against CCl4-induced liver injury was investigated in mice.

Histological observations confirmed the strong hepatoprotective activity. These results suggest that a dietary supplement of BHE could exert a beneficial effect against oxidative stress and various liver diseases by enhancing the antioxidant defense status, reducing lipid peroxidation, and protecting against the pathological changes of the liver.

The hepatoprotective activity of BHE is mediated, at least in part, by the antioxidant effect of its constituents. Murray Gell- Mann , Physics Nobel CERN Multimedia. During his visit he gave a theoretical physics seminar on decoherent histories in quantum mechanics. Ordinal risk rating…. In this volume specialists in mathematics, physics, and linguistics present the first comprehensive analysis of the ideas and influence of Hermann G.

An expression for the fifth-order vacuum-polarization coefficient b 5 was reported. Recently, Broadhurst et al have indicated that this is in error by the omission of a fifth-order term. The reactor 'Am guten Mann '. The 'Schwarzbuch' citizens action report against the mentioned reactor is reporting on site selection, the Harrisburg-accident, a chronological summary of: administrative authorization, licensing procedures, proceedings, inquiries to the Federal Parliament and to the Land Parliament, as well as newspaper articles.

HP [de. The U. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the National Park Service, studied the frequency and magnitude of flooding near the mouths of five tributaries to the New River in the New River Gorge National River. The year peak discharge at each tributary was determined from regional frequency equations. The year discharge at Wolf Creek, Craig Branch, Manns Creek, Dunloup Creek, and Mill Creek was 3, cubic feet per second, cubic feet per second, 8, cubic feet per second, 7, cubic feet per second, and 9, cubic feet per second, respectively.

Flood elevations for each tributary were determined by application of a steady-state, one-dimensional flow model. Manning's roughness coefficients for the stream channels ranged from 0. Bridges that would be unable to contain the year flood within the bridge opening included: the State Highway 82 bridge on Wolf Creek, the second Fayette County Highway 25 bridge upstream from the confluence with New River on Dunloup Creek, and an abandoned log bridge on Mill Creek.

Eheherrschaft des Mannes und Widerstand der Frau. Bock, K. Klinik fuer Diagnostische Radiologie; Rode, G. Aim: The implementation of diagnostic standards enhances quality assurance. The purpose of this study was to assess the value of the standardized system for clinically apparent male breast tumors. Do the special male anatomy and physiology limit the applicability of an evaluation system designed for female screening mammograms? Methods: 4 investigators with different degrees of experience retrospectively evaluated male mammograms. Our study was based on the 36 cases which could be correlated to histopathological findings: gynecomastia in the majority of cases, but also 4 invasive ductal carcinoma, 1 leiomyosarcoma and 1 ductal carcinoma in situ.

Knowledge of gender-specific imaging characteristics increases the specificity at a constant high level of sensitivity. Unser Interesse galt der Frage, inwieweit dieses System der Kategorisierung von Screening-Mammographien der Frau uebertragbar ist auf klinische Mammographien des Mannes.

Begrenzen Anatomie und Physiologie der maennlichen Brustdruese. Sally Mann , La chair toute nue. Ein Zusammenhang zwischen Fitness bzw. In his contribution, Christian Zolles traces the 'globalization of the sky since ' and tries to outline the concepts of 'power', 'sovereignty' and 'dominion' on the basis of developments in aviation. Thus, the early balloon flights reveal the boundaries of absolutist representation power and reflect both the new sublime awareness of the space as well as the revolutionary freedom impulse of the bourgeoisie.

At the same time, the political imagination of a charismatic 'great man', which undermines the diversity and inconsistency of the population, Sovereign power. On the other hand, the media-critical view of the "little man" with Jean Paul's airship commander Giannozzo as an archetype is interpreted in the media-pedagogical direction with the reference to the figure of the language player Norbert Meder.

Immune system stimulation in rats by Lactobacillus sp. The immune system consists of organs and several cell types. Antigen interaction with these cells induces a cellular immune response mediated by activated cells. The effects of lactic acid bacteria on the systemic immune response and on the secretory immune system are described. The current investigation sets out to examine the possible effects of isolated wine lacto-bacilli upon various hematologic and immunologic parameters in rats. We have fed rats with probiotic isolates from Raffia wine and challenged with castor oil; two control groups were fed with castor oil and others were not.

We counted blood cells at the end of the experiment; all isolates seemed to cause a decrease of circulating white blood cells. The percentage of lymphocytes and the total protein in the spleen increased in the treated animals; also a normal aspect of faeces was observed compared to the control. These isolates of Lactobacillus seem to occur to immune cell-mediated responses in rats. Plant Guide: Hooker's balsamroot: Balsamorhiza hookeri Hook. Livestock and big game utilize Hooker's balsamroot.

It is rated as desirable forage for cattle, sheep, horses and elk during the spring and for deer and antelope in both spring and summer Ogle and Brazee, Leaves are grazed lightly and flowers are often eaten. The plant becomes dry and worthless as forage by midsummer Forest Service, ; Herman, Allium hookeri , Thw.

A lesser known terrestrial perennial A lesser known terrestrial perennial herb used as food and its ethnobotanical Ritual uses of palms in traditional medicine in sub-Saharan Africa: a review. Palms Arecaceae are prominent elements in African traditional medicines.

It is, however, a challenge to find detailed information on the ritual use of palms, which are an inextricable part of African medicinal and spiritual systems. This work reviews ritual uses of palms within African ethnomed This work reviews ritual uses of palms within African In some rituals, palms play a central role as sacred objects, for example the seeds accompany oracles and palm leaves are used in offerings.

In other cases, palms are added as a support to other Spatio-temporal dynamics of stable oxygen 18O and hydrogen 2H isotopes in precipitation can be used as proxies for changing hydro-meteorological and regional and global climate patterns. While spatial patterns and distributions gained much attention in recent years the temporal trends in stable isotope time series are rarely investigated and our understanding of them is still limited. These might be a result of a lack of proper trend detection tools and effort for exploring trend processes.

Here we make use of an extensive data set of stable isotope in German precipitation. For that we test different approaches for proper trend detection, accounting for first and higher order serial correlation. We test if significant trends in the isotope time series based on different models can be observed. We apply the Mann -Kendall trend tests on the isotope series, using general multiplicative seasonal autoregressive integrate moving average ARIMA models which account for first and higher order serial correlations.

With the approach we can also account for the effects of temperature, precipitation amount on the trend. Further we investigate the role of geographic parameters on isotope trends. To benchmark our proposed approach, the ARIMA results are compared to a trend-free prewhiting TFPW procedure, the state of the art method for removing the first order autocorrelation in environmental trend studies.

Moreover, we explore whether higher order serial correlations in isotope series affects our trend results. The results show that three out of the 17 stations have significant changes when higher order autocorrelation are adjusted, and four stations show a significant trend when temperature and precipitation effects are considered. Ergatomorph wingless males in Technomyrmex vitiensis Mann , Hymenoptera: Formicidae. Full Text Available The article raises an issue to enhance technological forging capabilities on the known knuckle joint presses. It provides an illustrated overview of main design types of presses with crank-knuckle, toggle-knuckle, and knuckle joint mechanisms.

The article also shows the advantages of the modernization way and improvement just of the active press equipment in terms of quality-to-price ratio, for example, as compared to the similar new foreign press equipment. It gives an overview of features, which provide forging processes owing to kinetic energy accumulated with the moving parts of the known designs of the knuckle joint presses depending on the drive actuating mechanism.

Focused attention is drawn to forging on the knuckle joint presses for a time of contact with a work piece to be comparable with the duration of the work piece deformation process on hydraulic forging hammers. This allows us to forge thin-wall products with process automation compared to the forging hammers. Analysis of accumulating processes of kinetic energy by the moving parts of the knuckle joint presses has shown that presses driven by hydraulic cylinders or two screw hydraulic cylinder are the most optimal for technological operations as evidenced by references to domestic and foreign invention certificates and patents.

The article presents disadvantages of forging on presses with hydraulic or pneumatic drive. It is a dependence of the deformation force, caused, mainly, by a force of the drive cylinder. The article gives linear movement rate quantities of press moving members depending on the drives of the actuating mechanism. Based on the above analysis of the features to manufacture work pieces on the knuckle joint presses, the article gives the rationale for the relevance of forging in a short period of time, provided that the moving parts of the press accumulate the required kinetic energy.

This can be achieved only through modernization and improvement of forging equipment designs, in particular, using modern industrial hydraulics facilities, software and hardware systems for industrial automation. Production of Cellulosic Polymers from Agricultural Wastes. Full Text Available Cellulosic polymers namely cellulose, di-and triacetate were produced from fourteen agricultural wastes; Branch and fiber after oil extraction from oil palm Elais guineensis, raffia, piassava, bamboo pulp, bamboo bark from raphia palm Raphia hookeri , stem and cob of maize plant Zea mays, fruit fiber from coconut fruit Cocos nucifera, sawdusts from cotton tree Cossypium hirsutum, pear wood Manilkara obovata, stem of Southern gamba green Andropogon tectorus, sugarcane baggase Saccharium officinarum and plantain stem Musa paradisiaca.

They were subjected to soda pulping and hypochlorite bleaching system. Results obtained show that pulp yield from these materials were: The pulps were acetylated with acetic anhydride in ethanoic acid catalyzed by conc. H2SO4 to obtain cellulose derivatives Cellulose diacetate and triacetate. The cellulose diacetate yields were The presence of these cellulose derivatives was confirmed by a solubility test in acetone and chloroform.

Quantitative ethnobotanical study was conducted with the local community around Agonve forest, which is one of southern Benin swampy forest. This study enables to describe the different use categories of woody plant species for local population and to determine the use value UV of each species. A total of 28 woody species were identified as useful species for the local population in different use categories such as medicine, food, fire wood and construction.

Finally the study pointed out the importance of the ethnobotanical use value as tool to select the species which conservation must be emphasized in the management plans to meet not only the need of the populations but also to improve the conservation statute of the species. Subtitled 'an account of an Experimental Program in Particle Physics in the s', this book is a collection of 13 reprinted papers presenting experimental results from experiment E originally proposed in to measure the elastic scattering of neutrinos and antineutrinos from electrons and protons using the neutrino beam at the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron AGS at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

This experiment took data during the s and the apparatus was dismantled in Its main results cover measurements of the weak mixing angle, and some measurements which were not in the original proposal, such as limits on the electromagnetic properties of the muon neutrino and on the mixing between electron- and muon-neutri-nos.

The collaboration, with 35 physicists participating, included Osaka and KEK and was the earliest formal collaboration in high energy physics between American and Japanese institutions. This book gives only a very partial account of neutrino physics in the s. Because of the relatively low neutrino energy of only few GeV, E- physics did not include the study of deep inelastic scattering which has greatly contributed to the understanding of the nucleon structure in terms of quarks, antiquarks and gluons.

Furthermore, because of the low event rate at the low neutrino energy, most of the E results have been superseded by the more precise results obtained by higher energy neutrino experiments at CERN and Fermilab, however with the exceptions of the limits on neutrino mixing and of the measurement of the neutral current cross-section for neutrino and antineutrino elastic scattering. It is not clear to me why the American Institute of Physics has chosen to publish this book in a series 'Key Papers in Physics'.

The instanton contribution to the vacuum energy is supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories is considered. The coefficients of the beta function have a geometrical meaning - they are associated with the number of boson and fermion zero modes in the instanton field. If extra matter superfields are added the method allows one to fix the first two coefficients. A non-renormalization theorem which extends cancellation of vacuum loops to the case of the external instanton field is proved. Full Text Available This paper concerns common fixed points for a finite family of hemicontractions or a finite family of strict pseudocontractions on uniformly convex Banach spaces.

By introducing a new iteration process with error term, we obtain sufficient and necessary conditions, as well as sufficient conditions, for the existence of a fixed point. As one will see, we derive these strong convergence theorems in uniformly convex Banach spaces and without any requirement of the compactness on the domain of the mapping. The results given in this paper extend some previous theorems. The clinical use of mammography in the male; Klinische Relevanz der Mammographie beim Mann. Merkle, E [Ulm Univ. Radiologie; Mueller, M [Ulm Univ.

Radiologie; Vogel, J [Ulm Univ. Radiologie; Klatt, S [Ulm Univ. Allgemeinchirurgische Abt. During a period of four years mammograms were performed in 89 men. Mastectomies were carried out on 23 men group 1. In group 1 there were 5 patients with bilateral gynaecomastia, 9 with unilateral gynaecomastia and two with pseudogynaecomastia and there were 7 patients with malignancies.

In group 2 there were 46 patients with bilateral gynaecomastia and 10 patients with unilateral gynaecomastia. Pseudogynaecomastia was found in 25 patients. There were 7 malignancies, of which 5 had been suspected clinically and one had been diagnosed as gynaecomastia by mammography. Two carcinomas in situ were missed clinically and also by mammography. When malignancy is not suspected on clinical grounds the first examination should be sonography. Where, however, malignancy is suspected, and for follow-up, mammography retains its primary position.

Alle Mammogramme wurden in Unkenntnis des klinischen Befundes retrospektiv ausgewertet und, wenn moeglich, dem histologischen Ergebnis gegenuebergestellt. Von 7 Malignomen waren 5 klinisch suspekt, wobei eines mammographisch als Gynaekomastie imponierte. Zwei In-situ-Karzinome waren sowohl mammographisch als auch klinisch okkult. Klinisch nicht malignomsuspekte Befunde sollten primaer der Mammasonographie zugefuehrt werden. Bei Malignomverdacht und in der Tumornachsorge hingegen hat die Mammographie auch weiterhin ihren festen Platz.

Both species belong to the L. The metatibial gland, considered a synapomorphy for Dorylinae, is observed in L. We provide a COI DNA barcode for both species and a revised key for the worker caste of all known species in the genus. We also describe a single male identified as a potential new Leptanilloides species on the basis of morphology. Furthermore, its mitochondrial COI gene sequence does not match any previously barcoded species.

However, we refrain from giving it a specific name because of our lack of knowledge about the worker caste. The instanton contribution to the vacuum energy in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories is considered. The coefficients of the beta function have a geometrical meaning: they are associated with the number of boson and fermion zero modes in the instanton field. If extra matter superfields are added our method allows one to fix the first two coefficients. We prove a non-renormalization theorem which extends the cancellation of vacuum loops to the case of the external instanton field.

The document contains eight lectures addressing a variety of educational trends, issues, and concerns. The objective is to heighten the awareness of educational challenges that must be met and to promote continued professional renewal activities. Lecture I discusses fundamental problems concerning world education, concentrating on hunger and…. Yauk gyar mann yin Be a man! Betel quid chewing is associated with various oral cancers and other health concerns, including reproductive health issues. Nevertheless, the practice is widespread in Myanmar, especially among men.

This qualitative study elucidates the gendered aspects of betel quid chewing by examining how it links with masculine ideology among male betel quid chewers in Mandalay, Myanmar. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, focus-group discussions, key-informant interviews and participant observation. The thematic content analysis was guided by Connell's concept of hegemonic masculinity and Butler's notion of gender performativity. The findings indicated that young Mandalay men were drawn to betel quid chewing by the value they gave to satisfying their curiosity, power competition, risk-taking and a display of manliness.

Thus, the practice of betel quid chewing, as defined by our participants, was perceived as manly, trendy, stylish and sexually attractive. For adult men, betel quid chewing was a social lubricant that assisted them in talking with clients and co-workers, thus enhancing their economic opportunities with other men. It also helped working-class men to work harder.

Betel quid chewing harm-reduction programmes therefore need to be mindful of masculinity issues as well as the economic aspects of betel quid chewing. Fluchen und Flamen, um ein Mann zu sein? Im empirischen Teil berichtet die Autorin die Ergebnisse von drei Fragebogen-Studien mit deutschsprachigen Studierenden. Aktuelle Technik der Bruststraffung beim Mann nach Gewichtsverlust [Modern technique in male breast contouring after weight loss. Full Text Available [english] The morbid adiposity and its medical consequences demonstrates a growing problem of our current prosperous society.

Due to a significant improvement of bariatric techniques and a reduplication of adipose patients during the 20 century, the number of patients, who present to plastic surgeons with a new degree of suffering, has been growing steadily. Initially, the female patients were in the majority, which has been more balanced nowadays.

The male breast is a body region that primarily symbolizes masculinity and strenght. In male patients after massive weight loss, this body region remains as an extremly deflated breast envelope without any sign of possible retraction. The plastic surgeon may choose from different single or combinated ltechniques, which are indicated depending on the local and adjacent tissue characteristics.

We are presenting our modified technique of male breast reshaping, referring to the technique of Aly, except for a NAC transposition on a central pedicle. The central pedicle is hereby preserved from resection after tremendous liposuction. This central pedicle technique allows a safe and uncomplicated NAC transposition with significant advantages compared to free NAC-Transposition techniques in terms of aesthetical and functional outcome.

Mit einer Verdoppelung der betroffenen Patienten im Laufe des Jahrhunderts ist gleichzeitig durch rasante Verbesserung der bariatrischen Eingriffe auch die Zahl der Patienten signifikant und stetig gestiegen, die sich nach massiver Gewichtsreduktion nun mit neuem Leidensdruck beim Plastischen Chirurgen vorstellen.

In order to demonstrate that the fir Effect of different diets and rearing tanks on the development and larval survival of Lysmata amboinensis De Mann , Full Text Available The optimization of rearing tanks and identification of rich nutritional diets for the larval development of ornamental decapods are two key factors in defining suitable protocols for larval rearing. The results here obtained indicated that the survival rate at 10 days after hatching on kreisel tanks In contrast, diet 3 was revealed a longer development period 8.

The use of copepods diet on the larval rearing of L. Network analysis in marine ecology. Wulff, J. Field and K. Elaeis guineensis , raphia palm Raphia spp , cocoyam Colocasia esculentus , avocado tree Persea. Americana , shrubs mainly Sponelias munibin and sparsely distributed grasses. The upland farm close to this stream was grown to cassava Manihot esculenta , pepper Capsicum spp , and yam Dioscorea spp. Nutrient elements distribution in cultivated and uncultivated soils The Okai stream was surrounded by a three-year old fallow land dominated by oil palm Elaeis guineensis , raphia palm Raphia spp , cocoyam Colocasia esculentus , avocado tree Persea Americana , shrubs mainly Sponelias munibin and sparsely distributed grasses.

The upland farm close to this stream was grown to Characterization of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from New Zealand sea lion Phocarctos hookeri pups during and after the epidemics on Enderby Island, Auckland Islands. Pup isolates of K. Isolates also tested negative for production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases ESBLs , which was not in favour of an anthropogenetic origin of the epidemic strain. PFGE showed that pup isolates of K. An anthropogenic origin of the K.

Simultaneous determination of ten compounds in two main Fungal Planet description sheets: — Crous, P. Novel species of microfungi described in the present study include the following from South Africa: Cercosporella dolichandrae from Dolichandra unguiscati, Seiridium podocarpi from Podocarpus latifolius, Pseudocercospora parapseudarthriae from Pseudarthria hookeri , Neodevriesia coryneliae from.

The man, who wasn't a spy. In the Sovjet Union ignited her first atomic bomb, many years earlyer than expected by western secret services. A decisive role played the German physicist Klaus Fuchs. From to he cooperated in the US atomic bomb program, called Manhatten Project. All knowledge he yield, all information he got, he passed on secret ways to the Sovjet Union.

In he was exposed and condemned because of spying. This book is worldwide the first comprehensive biography of a man, who had been regarded as the ''most dangerous spy of the 20th century'' in the western world, and his work had been kept a secret in the East lasting for decades. The author evaluated an extensive source material from the USA, Great Britain and the Sovjet Union, released to pubication not till after Furtheron he could rely on the memory of many actors in the surrounding of Klaus Fuchs, who also found the way to the publicity after the end of the East-West-Conflict.

Reclassification of subspecies of Acidovorax avenae as A. Avenae Manns emend. The bacterium Acidovorax avenae causes disease in a wide range of economically important monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants, including corn, rice, watermelon, anthurium, and orchids. Genotypic and phenotypic relatedness among strains of phytopathogenic A. The 16s rDNA sequencing confirmed previous studies showing the environmental species to be very distant from the phytopathogenic species.

Taxon A included six A. All four were easily differentiated phenotypically from each other and from all other recognized Acidovorax species. Strains of A. On the basis of these and previous genetic and phenotypic results, we propose an emendation of the species A. We further propose a new taxon for the B strains, A. Gottburgsen takes a critical look at current socio-linguistic and social-psychological literature on gender, language behaviour and stereotyping and explains the meaningof language-related gender stereotypes.

She furthermore presents the results of three survey studies of German-speaking university students. The proximate composition of the drinks were determined and the amounts that will deliver 50g carbohydrate were administered to the subjects after an overnight fast.

Schlagwort: 2. Weltkrieg

Sixty healthy subjects were A fourth report presents a cross-country comparison of some of the principal A survey of metal profiles in some traditional alcoholic beverages in Nigeria. The concentrations of Cd, Pb, Ni, Cr, Cu, Co, Fe, Mn, Zn, Mg, Ca, K, and Na were determined in some traditional alcoholic beverages oil palm wine, raphia palm wine, burukutu, pito, ogogoro consumed in southern Nigeria, with a view to providing information on the dietary intakes of essential metals and exposure of humans to toxic metals. The mean concentrations of the Raphia gentiliana De Wild Arecaceae.

Revue de. This represents a major range expansion for this species. Compared with the aerial plant part, the root had Specimens of the acanthocephalan Corynosoma hannae Zdzitowiecki, from the Pacific Balleni islands and Atlantic South Shetland sectors of Antarctic are compared with those from the Pacific sector of Subantarctic Auckland and Campbell islands. Probably New Zealand sea lion Phocarctos hookeri Gray, is the secondary definitive host for Corynosoma hannae. Description and figures of the specimens examined are provided.

Thermal and tectonic history of the Barrandian Lower Paleozoic, Czech Republic: is there a fission-track evidence for Carboniferous-Permian overburden and pre-Westphalian alpinotype thrusting? Formulation d'un mortier de terre-ciment pour les murs mis en La mise en oeuvre du mur Oils of insects and larvae consumed in Africa: potential sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to present the beneficial aspects of some insects consumed in sub-Saharan Africa, based on examples of insects consumed in Cameroon, to present their potential as sources of lipids and essential fatty acids.

In Africa, termites, larvae of raphia weevil, caterpillars, crickets, bees, maggots, butterflies, weevil, etc. The extraction yields of oil were The oil from raphia weevil mainly contains The oil from crickets is principally made up of palmitoleic acid The oil from grasshoppers is composed of palmitoleic acid Palmitic acid As Imbrasia oil, UI caterpillar oil is composed of palmitic acid Stearic acid 7.

Pollen tube branching in the ovary of five species of Oenothera. Pollen morphology was slightly different: Oe.

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