Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. Pinter's semi-autobiographical play examining the surprise attraction, shy first steps, gradual flowering, and treasonous deception of a woman's extramarital affair with her husband's best Director: David Hugh Jones. Writer: Harold Pinter.
Films I. Best of Rank of Jeremy Irons' movies by Box Office performance. Share this Rating Title: Betrayal 7. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Nominated for 1 Oscar. Learn more More Like This. Moonlighting Swann in Love Drama Romance. The French Lieutenant's Woman A Chorus of Disapproval Comedy Drama Musical. Chinese Box Reversal of Fortune Biography Drama Mystery. Villisorsa A loving family's world is shattered by an old friend's arrival, carrying a dark secret. Comedy Drama.
Waterland Drama Mystery. Butterfly The Bostonians Damage Edit Cast Complete credited cast: Jeremy Irons Jerry Ben Kingsley Robert Patricia Hodge Emma Avril Elgar Banks Ray Marioni Waiter Caspar Norman Sam Chloe Billington Charlotte Age 5 Hannah Davies Ned Age 2 Alexander McIntosh Edit Storyline Pinter's semi-autobiographical play examining the surprise attraction, shy first steps, gradual flowering, and treasonous deception of a woman's extramarital affair with her husband's best friend.
Taglines: In every life Edit Details Country: UK. Language: English. Runtime: 95 min. Sound Mix: Stereo. Color: Color. Edit Did You Know? Betrayal is also a commonly used literary element, also used in other fiction like films and TV series, and is often associated with or used as a plot twist.
Philosophers Judith Shklar and Peter Johnson , authors of The Ambiguities of Betrayal and Frames of Deceit respectively, contend that while no clear definition of betrayal is available, betrayal is more effectively understood through literature. Betrayal is both a "people" problem and a philosopher's problem. Philosophers should be able to clarify the concept of betrayal, compare and contrast it with other moral concepts, and critically assess betrayal situations. At the practical level people should be able to make honest sense of betrayal and also to temper its consequences: to handle it, not be assaulted by it.
What we need is a conceptually clear account of betrayal that differentiates between genuine and merely perceived betrayal, and which also provides systematic guidance for the assessment of alleged betrayal in real life.
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Ben-Yehuda's work "Betrayals and Treason Violations of Trust and Loyalty" Westview Press framed all forms of betrayals and treason under a unifying analytical framework using loyalty , trust and moral boundaries as explanatory tools. An act of betrayal creates a constellation of negative behaviours, thoughts, and feelings in both its victims and its perpetrators.
Tom Hiddleston Making Broadway Debut With ‘Betrayal’
The interactions are complex. The victims exhibit anger and confusion , and demand atonement from the perpetrator; who in turn may experience guilt or shame , and exhibit remorse. If, after the perpetrator has exhibited remorse or apologized, the victim continues to express anger, this may in turn cause the perpetrator to become defensive , and angry in turn.
Acceptance of betrayal can be exhibited if victims forgo the demands of atonement and retribution ; but is only demonstrated if the victims do not continue to demand apologies, repeatedly remind the perpetrator or perpetrators of the original act, or ceaselessly review the incident over and over again.
Most adults living in western democracies place trust in the state of which they are a citizen. When this trust is betrayed, at its worst, the individual can suffer psychological betrayal trauma. Betrayal trauma has symptoms similar to Posttraumatic stress disorder ,  although the element of amnesia and disassociation is likely to be greater. The key difference between traditional post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD and betrayal trauma is that the former is historically seen as being caused primarily by fear , whereas betrayal trauma is a response to extreme anger.
Fear and anger are the two sides to the fight-or-flight response , and as such are our strongest and most basic psychological emotions. Pure political betrayal trauma can be caused by situations such as wrongful arrest and conviction by the legal system of a western democracy; or by discrimination , bullying or other serious mistreatment by a state institution or powerful figure within the state.
Gottman computed a betrayal metric by calculating how unwilling each partner was to sacrifice for the other and the relationship. A consistently elevated betrayal metric served as an indicator that the couple was at risk for infidelity or another serious disloyalty. Some types of betrayal in romantic relationships include sexual infidelity, conditional commitment, a nonsexual affair, lying, forming a coalition against the partner, absenteeism or coldness, withdrawal of sexual interest, disrespect, unfairness, selfishness, and breaking promises.
Double cross is a phrase meaning to deceive by double-dealing. The phrase originates from the use of the word cross in the sense of foul play ; deliberate collusion to lose a contest of some kind.
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It has also been suggested that the term was inspired by the practice of 18th-century British thief taker and criminal Jonathan Wild , who kept a ledger of his transactions and is said to have placed two crosses by the names of persons who had cheated him in some way. This folk etymology is almost certainly incorrect, but there is documentary evidence that the term did exist in the 19th century.
Betrayal blindness is the unawareness, not-knowing, and forgetting exhibited by people towards betrayal. The term "betrayal blindness" was introduced in by Freyd, and expanded in by Freyd and then again in by Freyd and Birrell through the Betrayal Trauma Theory. Betrayal blindness is not exclusive to victims. Perpetrators, and witnesses may also display betrayal blindness in order to preserve personal relationships, their relationships with institutions, and social systems upon which they depend.
The term "Institutional Betrayal" refers to wrongdoings perpetrated by an institution upon individuals dependent on that institution.
This includes failure to prevent or respond supportively to wrongdoings by individuals e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Betrayal disambiguation.
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For the religious term, see Backbiting. For the video game, see Betrayer video game. For the novel by C. Cherryh, see Betrayer novel. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
January Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. What is Betrayal Trauma Theory?