Poésies libertines (Lautre littérature t. 1) (French Edition)

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It was in this rustic setting that the child grew up and in the neighbouring parish he learnt to read and write. His friend Le Bret recalls:.

The education that we had together with a good country priest who took in boarders, made us friends from our most tender youth, and I remember the aversion he had from that time for one who seemed to him a shadow of Sidias, [note 12] because, in the thoughts which that man could somewhat grasp, he believed him incapable of teaching him anything; so that he paid so little attention to his lessons and his corrections that his father, who was a fine old gentleman, fairly unconcerned for his children's education and overly credulous of this one's complaints, removed him [from the school] a little too suddenly and, without considering if his son would be better off elsewhere, he sent him to that city [Paris] where he left him, until the age of nineteen years, to his own devices.

It is unknown at what age Savinien arrived in Paris. In this theory, it was there that he was introduced to his cousin Pierre, [note 15] with whom, according to Le Bret, he would build a lasting friendship. He continued his secondary studies at an academy which remains unknown.

But there is no certainty that Savinien went to live with them. That age when nature is most easily corrupted, and that great liberty he had to only do that which seemed good to him, brought him to a dangerous weakness penchant , which I dare say I stopped…. Historians and biographers do not agree on this penchant which threatened to corrupt Cyrano's nature. Against an embittered and discontented father, Cyrano promptly forgot the way to his father's house. Soon he was counted among the gluttons and hearty drinkers of the best inns, with them he gave himself up to jokes of questionable taste, usually following prolonged libations…He also picked up the deplorable habit of gambling.

This kind of life could not continue indefinitely, especially since Abel de Cyrano had become completely deaf to his son's repeated requests for funds. In his voluminous biography of Charles Coypeau d'Assoucy , Jean-Luc Hennig suggests [41] that the poet-musician had begun around at thirty-one a homosexual relationship with Cyrano, then seventeen.

In support of this hypothesis, he notes that both had families from Sens, a lawyer father and religious brothers and sisters, that the elder only liked youths and in regard to the women of Montpellier who accused him in of neglecting them, he wrote that "all of that has no more foundation than their fanciful imagination, already concerned, which had taught them the long-time habits [that he] had had with C[hapelle], late D[e] B[ergerac] and late C.


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He received his first education from a country priest, and had for a fellow pupil his friend and future biographer Henri Lebret. At the age of nineteen, he entered a corps of the guards, serving in the campaigns of and His unique past allowed him to make unique contributions to French art. One author, Ishbel Addyman, varies from other biographers and claims that he was not a Gascon aristocrat , but a descendant of a Sardinian fishmonger and that the Bergerac appellation stemmed from a small estate near Paris where he was born, and not in Gascony, and that he may have suffered tertiary syphilis.

She also claims that he may likely have been homosexual and around became the lover of Charles Coypeau d'Assoucy , [46] a writer and musician, until around , when they became engaged in a bitter rivalry. This led to Bergerac sending d'Assoucy death threats that compelled him to leave Paris.

Tomus 14 Fasciculus 1-2 • 2013

The quarrel extended to a series of satirical texts by both men. He is said to have left the military and returned to Paris to pursue literature, producing tragedies cast in the orthodox classical mode. The model for the Roxane character of the Rostand play was Bergerac's cousin, who lived with his sister, Catherine de Bergerac, at the Convent of the Daughter of the Cross.

As in the play, Bergerac did fight at the Siege of Arras a battle of the Thirty Years' War between French and Spanish forces in France though this was not the more famous final Battle of Arras , fought fourteen years later. However, the plotline of Rostand's play, Cyrano de Bergerac , involving Roxane and Christian is entirely fictional. Cyrano was a pupil of French polymath Pierre Gassendi , a canon of the Catholic Church who tried to reconcile Epicurean atomism with Christianity.

Jean-Charles Darmon - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In the former, Cyrano travels to the moon using rockets powered by firecrackers it may be the earliest description of a space flight by use of a vessel that has rockets attached and meets the inhabitants. The moon-men have four legs, firearms that shoot game and cook it, and talking earrings used to educate children. His mixture of science and romance in the last two works furnished a model for many subsequent writers, among them Jonathan Swift , Edgar Allan Poe and probably Voltaire.

The play suggests that he was injured by a falling wooden beam in while entering the house of his patron, the Duc D'Arpajon. However the academic and editor of Cyrano's works, Madeleine Alcover, uncovered a contemporary text which suggests an attack on the Duke's carriage in which a member of his household was injured.

It is as yet inconclusive as to whether or not his death was a result of the injury, or an unspecified disease. He was buried in a church in Sannois. However, there is strong evidence to support the theory that his death was a result of a botched assassination attempt as well as further damage to his health caused by a period of confinement in a private asylum, orchestrated by his enemies, who succeeded in enlisting the help of his own brother Abel de Cyrano.

This play, which became Rostand's most successful work, revolves around Cyrano's love for the beautiful Roxane, whom he is obliged to woo on behalf of a more conventionally handsome but less articulate friend, Christian de Neuvillette.


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  • The play has been made into operas and adapted for cinema several times and reworked in other literary forms and as a ballet. It bears no resemblance to Rostand's play apart from the characteristics of the de Bergerac character. Kennedy 's novel So I Am Glad , the narrator finds de Bergerac has appeared in her modern-day house share.

    ISBN 13: 9782130524298

    In Robert A. Heinlein 's novel Glory Road , Oscar Gordon fights a character who is not named, but is obviously Cyrano. Fiction poetry with the premise that Cyrano wrote a sequence of 57 sonnets during the last year of his life.

    Histoire de la France littéraire : Tome 2, Classicismes XVIIe-XVIIIe siècle

    Heavily annotated. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the French dramatist. For the play by Edmond Rostand, see Cyrano de Bergerac play. For other works with this title, see Cyrano de Bergerac disambiguation.

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