The implications for further research are manifold on the basis that the tourism sector will continue to be a key contributor to the economies of PICs and at the same time have a commen- surate effect on the demand for resources: human, capital, and natural. Another includes how destination communities will deal with the effects of climate change and sea level rises. All of this has implications for tourism planning and policy development, something that PICs have been generally poor at undertaking. In the meantime, multilateral development partners such as the World Bank and bilateral donors such as New Zealand and Australia appear set to continue their enthusiastic support for tourism.
However, what is needed is a more concerted attempt to validate the sector's true development credentials beyond the hype that often accompanies the sector. Identifying core indicators of sustainable tourism: A path forward? Tourism Management Perspectives, 24, 26— Asian Development Bank. Skilling the Pacific—Technical and vocational education and training in the Pacific. Bridging sustainable agriculture and sustainable tourism to enhance sustainability. Mudacumura, D. Haque Eds. London: Taylor and Francis. Brant, P.
Chinese aid in the South Pacific: Linked to resources? Asian Studies Review, 37 2 , — Britton, S. The political economy of tourism in the Third World. Annals of Tourism Research, 9 3 , — Cheer, J. Kicking goals or offside: Is tourism development in the pacific helping progress towards the MDGs? Pacific Economic Bulletin, 25 1 , — M After the cyclone: Why relying on tourism isn't in Vanuatu's interests. The Conversation 15 April, Cruise tourism in a remote small island—High yield and low impact?
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Oxfordshire: CABI. Tourism, resilience and sustainability: Adapting to social, political and economic change. London: Routledge. The tourism—foreign aid nexus in Vanuatu: Future directions. Tourism and traditional culture: Land diving in Vanuatu. Annals of Tourism Research, 43, — Chen, M. Rethinking the informal economy: Linkages with the formal economy and formal regulatory environment. DFAT Skills for prosperity in the Australian aid program: Investment guidance note. Dreher, A. Tourism and economic growth. Journal of Travel Research, 55 4 , — Fu, R. Rise of the China outbound tourism.
China Internet Watch. Accessed September 26, Gibert, A. Goverment of Vanuatu National post school education and training PSET policy — Han, X. Chinese tourist mobilities and destination resilience: Regional tourism perspectives, Asian Journal of Tourism Research. Harrison, D. Tourism in Pacific islands. The Journal of Pacific Studies, 26 1 , 1— Political change and tourism: Coups in Fiji.
Suntikul Eds. Oxford, UK: Goodfellow Publishers. Tourism in Pacific island countries. Cooper Ed. Oxford, UK: Goodfellows Publishers. Tourism in Pacific island countries: Current issues and future challenges. Harrison Eds. New York, NY: Routledge. Assessment of the economic impact of cruise ships to Vanuatu.
Accessed February 20, IFC. Retrieved on 6. Accessed February 20, Kim, S. Preference and positioning analyses of overseas destinations by mainland Chinese outbound pleasure tourists. Journal of Travel Research, 44 2 , — Kissling, C. Transport and communications for Pacific microstates: Issues in organisation and management. Klint, L. Climate change and island tourism. Lanteigne, M. Water dragon? China, power shifts and soft balancing in the South Pacific.
Political Science, 64 1 , 21— Lew, A. Tourism resilience and adaptation to environmental change. Lonely Planet Publications Footscray: Lonely Planet Publications. MacCarthy, M. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. Mawi, L. Fiji's emerging brand of Pacific diplomacy: A Fiji government perspective. Tarte Eds.
publications | the greenwerk. | climate advisory network
Milne, S. Tourism and development in South Pacific microstates. Annals of Tourism Research, 19 2 , — Mok, C.
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Chinese cultural values: Their implications for travel and tourism marketing. Morrell, W. Britain in the Pacific islands. Oxford: Clarendon. Morris, P. Review of the Pacific framework for technical and vocational education and training. Retrieved from Suva Movono, A. Conceptualizing destinations as a Vanua: An examination of the evolution and resilience of a Fijian social and ecological system. Lew Eds. Movono, A. Fijian culture and the environment: A focus on the ecological and social interconnectedness of tourism development.
Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1— Challenges of training tourism and hospitality workers in PNG.
Nasolomampionona, R. Profile of Chinese outbound tourists: Characteristics and expenditures. American Journal of Tourism Management, 3 1 , 17— Perrottet, J. Pacific possible: Tourism. Same, same but different: Perceptions of South Pacific destinations among Australian travellers. Pratt, S. Minimising food miles: Issues and outcomes in an ecotourism venture in Fiji.
Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21 8 , — The economic impact of tourism in SIDS. Annals of Tourism Research, 52, — Economic Stabilization and Growth in Portugal. Hans Mr. Compacts for equality: Towards a sustainable future. Party Systems in Latin America. Scott Mainwaring. Monetary Statecraft in Brazil. Kurt Mettenheim.
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Sandra Kuntz-Ficker. Latin American Business. Werner Baer. The Upside of Down. Charles Kenny. Martin Puchet Anyul. Funding may flow through various bilateral and multilateral channels that are based on various frameworks and requirements. Among these are prominent climate funds such as the Adaptation Fund AF and the Green Climate Fund GCF , which recently received resource commitments of more than 10 billion USD to foster transformational change in developing countries.
So far, climate finance provided has not been limited to specific instruments; common are grants and concessional loans, commercial loans or guarantees while private entities will increasingly be enabled to make use of result-based-finance approaches. We help to operationalize results of the Paris Agreement, clarify contentious technical definitions on the UNFCCC level, assess the impact of transformational climate finance, analyze improved involvement of finance institutions such as MDBs, observe the latest GCF and Standing Committee developments and offer support for accessing various funding sources.
The longer it takes for different approaches to mitigate global warming, the more important successful adaptation activities become for both developed and developing countries. Furthermore, we are familiar with the assessment of economic instruments to promote adaptation activities. Our geographical location in northern Germany, as well as our local network moreover allow us to contribute to a global dialogue on urban flood protection measures. Our work comprises advisory of public and private decision makers, fostering research in the area of climate and energy policy measures with specific emphasis on innovative financing models for securing future energy needs, facilitating capacity building activities and organisation of delegation trips to Germany.
Explore more details of what we do below. From cooperatively developing policy concepts for developing countries or in-depth analysis of adaptation project impacts to tailored technical support at UNFCCC negotiations or GCF Board meetings, the greenwerk. In all our advisory activities we reflect a fair and sustainable use of global resources and access to renewable energy for all, particularly Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States.
We are committed to high quality and integrity in our work and in joint approaches to identify professional solutions with our international partners. Some climate policy fields lack sufficient scientific exploration that can serve as basis for practical application of mature policies or instruments, yet. This is where the greenwerk. Further the promotion of PhD and master student activities responding to on-the-ground challenges are a core focus of the greenwerk.
Based on our experience, only an international dialogue can lay the foundation for deriving a global approach for a sustainable use of energy, as well as for tackling anthropogenic climate change.
In light of this we facilitate delegation trips to Germany for bringing together global expertise. Our main focus hereby is on GHG mitigation instruments, such as NAMAs or market based mechanisms, and their linkage with the climate policy landscape. In addition, we have authored guidance documents, newsletters and various other publications. We combine particular experience in steering activities of multi-partner consortia for international donors, governments and private sector entities, with thematic expertise for international climate policy and sustainable energy access, amongst other fields.
Hereby the greenwerk. The experts of the greenwerk. Asian Development Bank Our experts contributed to a study on the design and implementation e. CDKN the greenwerk. Hereby, the greenwerk. The report focuses primarily on the US, EU, India, China, Brazil and Mexico, and found an overall and significant dollar value reduction for the costs when compared to more energy intensive decarbonization pathways. The report also addresses a number of regional policy gaps, which will be of use to policy makers including for INDCs , and funders looking for opportunities to keep global warming to 2 degrees or less.
Department for International Development Our experts conducted an assessment and concept development for the introduction and development of a standardized baseline for the Ethiopian national electricity grid assessment on behalf of Perspectives GmbH.