Canaan, and the Rest of God

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Sixth , God was angry with this generation, and this resulted in their death in the wilderness which is exactly what they asked for — Numbers , and thus their failure to enter into rest. We will look more carefully at these terms in a moment. We should learn how to interpret and apply Scripture from the Scriptures.

What better way to understand our text than to grasp how the psalmist came to his interpretation and application. The third key is to understand how our author interpreted and applied the lessons of Psalm 95 to his day. Surely his method of interpreting and applying Scripture is instructive to us as to how we should understand and apply Hebrews 3 and 4 today. Hebrews , citing Psalm b. And when the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews uses Psalm 95, he does so in a way that makes it clear that there is still an offer of rest, and that it will be embraced and experienced or lost.

First , there is an urgency regarding the offer of rest. It is not something that we believe for the moment, but rather something we believe and lay hold of day after day. It is the message of salvation to which we are exhorted to give much more careful attention Faith is also known as belief, just as the absence of faith is unbelief. Faith is a key concept in the Book of Hebrews, as will be dramatically evident when we get to chapter Unbelief leads to a hardened heart, which leads to rebellion and divine discipline. Community is not a term that is found in our text, or even in the Book of Hebrews.

But it is a concept which is emphasized as vitally important to the believer. For we had good news proclaimed to us just as they did.

Is God Immoral for Killing the Canaanites?

But the message they heard did them no good, since they did not join in with those who heard it in faith 4 Hebrews , NET Bible; emphasis mine. For we also have received the good news just as they did; but the message they heard did not benefit them, since they were not united with those who heard it in faith CSB, emphasis mine.

For good news came to us just as to them, but the message they heard did not benefit them, because they were not united by faith with those who listened ESV, emphasis mine. For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard NASB, emphasis mine. For indeed the gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it NKJV, emphasis mine.

So we have two ways of understanding this verse, due to a measure of ambiguity in the Greek text. Or, 2 The good news did not do some any good because they did not personally embrace it by faith. Perhaps the ambiguity is deliberate, so that both meanings apply. It is pretty clear that the Word does us little good if we refuse to believe it.

But the writer to the Hebrews also wants us to realize that our faith and Christian walk is not a solo proposition but a choir event. When we come to faith in Christ, we are joined with Christ and with other believers see 1 Corinthians ; Ephesians ; 1 Peter , This is why the author can employ Psalm 95, a psalm which summons the community of faith to worship.

This is also why he expects the saints to gather regularly to encourage one another and to watch for those who are drifting:. There are several kinds of rest referred to in Hebrews. Therefore we must be wary that, while the promise of entering his rest remains open, none of you may seem to have come short of it Hebrews , emphasis mine.

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This rest is the rest from our labors. And there is the eternal rest which all Christians will experience. I believe that we see this in Romans 7 and 8.

(21-1) Introduction

Chapter 8 is the solution. The Christian is to live in the power of the Holy Spirit, the same Spirit that raised the dead body of Jesus from the grave. By the working of His Spirit in us, we are able, to some degree, to live a godly life see Romans This is resting in Him, or we might even say, abiding in Him see John This is the key to fruitfulness.

The ancient Israelites, along with those who lived in the days of the psalmist, had the promise of rest, a rest which could only be attained by faith. We are not that different from those ancient Israelites.

Entering God’s rest

Just as they received the good news of a promise of entering the land of Canaan, so we have received an even greater revelation of good news, the good news of salvation by faith in the person and work of Jesus Christ. It requires not only initial faith on our part, but on-going faith. This kind of faith is encouraged and stimulated by our association with others who share the same faith This is the rest some failed to enter, but which remains available to us today, a rest received by faith And so we need to believe God and enter this rest, rather than to refuse to believe and fail to enter, as did the ancient Israelites.

When I think of the Old Testament law, with all of its requirements and stipulations, it makes me tired. How could one ever please God by the works of the law?

9. Defining Rest (Hebrews ) |

No one ever could, for the purpose of the law was not to provide men with a list of works by which one could be saved. The purpose of the law was to demonstrate to men that they could never save themselves, but must be saved some other way. And that way was the promised Messiah, Jesus the Christ:.

For there is no distinction, 23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God in his forbearance had passed over the sins previously committed. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they teach. The concept of rest is such a beautiful thing to one who is weary of striving to please God in his or her own strength. For a Hebrew Christian to entertain thoughts of retreating back to Judaism, of going back under the law, was to set aside rest for fruitless works.

Have you experienced the rest which only Christ can give? And then simply trust in the only provision God has made for sinners to be forgiven and to enter into His rest. Trust in Jesus. My Christian friend, are you resting in what Christ has done for you? Or are you striving in the power of your own flesh to please God, just as Paul describes in Romans For I do not do what I want — instead, I do what I hate.

For I want to do the good, but I cannot do it. Who will rescue me from this body of death? Romans So then, I myself serve the law of God with my mind, but with my flesh I serve the law of sin. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and concerning sin, he condemned sin in the flesh, 4 so that the righteous requirement of the law may be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, this person does not belong to him.

(18-1) Introduction

For the Christian, there is not only the rest of salvation, but the day-to-day rest of dependence upon God for living the Christian life. As I write this message a little while after having preached it , the stock market has taken a serious downward turn. Do I lose my rest because of this? Think about how the flowers of the field grow; they do not work or spin. Persecution is on the rise, not only in distant places, but in our own country. But if salt loses its flavor, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled on by people.

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A city located on a hill cannot be hidden. National elections are coming soon, and many are concerned downright worried about the outcome. We can and should rest in the knowledge that it is God who raises up kings and who puts them down.

The Promised Land in the Bible

It is He who holds the heart of the king in His hands:. We can forsake our rest because of worries about our families and even about our ministries. These are areas in which God desires to lead us to rest, rather than leave us to trust in futile works of the flesh. Let us rest in Him, who has done all the work for our salvation and sanctification, and who promises to lead us to eternal rest.

What Does the Land of Canaan Symbolize?

Deffinbaugh on September 7, Wellum in no way wants to deny the union with Christ in the OT, but thinks we are being inconsistent with inaugurated eschatology, in the sense that the NC promises a regenerate people, and to attribute a partly mixed community in the already, is not quite how this functions. And I wonder what Wellum would say in response. I definitely think the way we look at the function of the NC is the key.

Thanks a lot for always producing great content. Please forgive me for not making explicit that the presupposition for the exhortations to a Israel in the wilderness and b the church in the wilderness is that both administrations Mosaic and New of the one covenant of grace to the one covenantal household of God contain a mixed community of believers and unbelievers. Additionally, the admonitions in both administrations apply to both the believer and the unbeliever alike. That is an entailment from all I said in the episode.

I should always aim to be more, not less, explicit. That pinpoints where we differ from the New Covenant theologians, I believe. At least that might be a good starting point to clarify your own understanding of the issues. If you work through that paragraph above, particularly in light of the podcast, you will at least be clear on what Vos and Gaffin and, by extension, I teach. Then you can compare and contrast what we teach to what other theologians, whether New Covenant or Dispensational, have to say on the same topic. Reformed Forum Commerce Dr. Suite E Grayslake, IL Links Dr.

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  8. Leave a comment Cancel reply. Kelle Craft 1 year ago Really thankful for your discussion today! Lane Tipton 1 year ago Dear Kelle, Please forgive me for not making explicit that the presupposition for the exhortations to a Israel in the wilderness and b the church in the wilderness is that both administrations Mosaic and New of the one covenant of grace to the one covenantal household of God contain a mixed community of believers and unbelievers.

    Warmly in Christ, Lane Tipton. Podcast Subscribe in iTunes. Podcast Feed.